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What is a boundary object and how can it be used in organisations? Report (Assessment)

A boundary object refers to a group of information items used by different groups to fulfil their needs. Aspects that include biases, needs, and experiences of various communities are considered when using boundary objects in organisations. An example of a boundary objects is population data that is analysed and used for different purposes by marketers and demographers.

Boundary objects are used by organisations for various reasons that include promotion of communication, improvement of understanding, and expression of meaning. They have two main characteristics that set them apart from other forms of knowledge items. They are theoretical and universal with regard to the information they provide.

Examples of boundary objects include ontologies, classification systems, and paper forms. An enterprise resource planning (ERP) entry is another example of a boundary object. Many organisations use them to promote communication, motivate employees, and solve organisational problems. Organisations use the concept of boundary objects in fields that include information technology, project management, and knowledge management. These fields use that concept to share knowledge and information within organisations.

Finally, entities use boundary objects to manage disagreements between different groups of stakeholders that exhibit conflicts of interests. An example of a boundary object is an automobile prototype that offers an opportunity to different groups that include engineers, sales personnel, marketing professionals, and production experts to develop communication strategies to meet their needs.

Each of these groups of experts uses the prototype to enhance communication and interaction through sharing of knowledge. For example, the sales team develops strategies to facilitate the sale of the finalised product while the production team devises ways of producing the product at a low cost. These activities promote communication, interaction, and transfer of knowledge among employees.

Explain the idea of culture as a root metaphor and culture as an internal (i.e. organisational) variable Smircich distinguished between the use of culture as a root metaphor and culture as an organisational variable. The consideration of culture as an organisational variable focuses more on traditional approaches that incorporate concepts of sociocultural subsystems and common organisational variables. This approach involves the consideration of organisations as units that have distinct values, norms, and rituals that affect the behaviour of employees.

This implies that management of organisational culture involves the development of values, norms, and rituals that improve the operations of an organisation. In contrast, the use of culture as a root metaphor involves the consideration of an organisation as a culture. The approach uses anthropological approaches to develop organisational paradigms. Organisations are considered as cultures, which are understood in terms of their symbolic and ideation aspects.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As such, organisational culture is seen as a puzzle that needs to be deciphered. According to this perspective, the image of an organisational culture is used as the foundation on which all the organisational processes and operations are interpreted. For example, organisational aspects, such as turnover, number of customers, and employees, are only important to an organisation based on their cultural value and meaning.

Culture is an important aspect of any company. However, it is viewed differently from the two perspectives. According to the metaphor view, culture affects all the aspects of an organisation, which implies that all the organisational processes and operations share certain meanings. In contrast, the variable view considers culture like something that an organisation has, which helps define certain components of the company.

What is a community of practice and how might knowledge be useful? A community of practice refers to a group of people who interact regularly in order to increase their knowledge and expertise with regard to shared values and precepts. These people usually have common problems, challenges, and concerns that they try to solve through exchange of knowledge among them.

Communities of practice are special groups that focus on increasing knowledge and expertise in specific fields, which they achieve sharing gained information. They look for solutions to problems and obstacles, and use their expertise to develop a shared store of knowledge. The goals of community of practice are flexible and change depending on individual intellectual needs and the challenges that members encounter. Knowledge is the most important aspect of a community of practice.

It is important because members use it to improve their expertise on certain disciplines. In addition, they use the information they acquire through interactions to achieve their goals. Communities of practice facilitate development and exchange of knowledge among members who use it to address challenges that they encounter in their daily lives. Individual members use this knowledge to develop strategies that aid in the attainment of goals and objectives.

The defining characteristic of a community of practice is development and improvement in a particular field, and the consequent sharing of experience among its members. It is very important for all to interact as a way of exchanging ideas and opinions. Members of a community of practice can work on a single task or activity because they are joined by shared goals. Involvement of members in execution of tasks is of utmost importance.

Is cutting cost a good way for an organisation to respond to drop in profits? Many organisations implement cost-cutting measures in order to address drop in profits. However, opponents and proponents of cost cutting give different arguments in support of their specific stands. Cutting cost is a good way for organisations to address reduce in profits because it provides more money for the most important organisational operations and processes. Cost reduction measures are most effective when they focus on organisational operations and not employees.

We will write a custom Assessment on What is a boundary object and how can it be used in organisations? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Many cost reduction strategies affect organisations negatively because they focus on employees instead of inefficiency in operations and processes.

Relieving some employees of their duties contributes to the destruction of human capital. Several measures could be implemented to cut costs without destroying or interfering with human capital. These include eradicating non-performing contracts, discarding non-performing assets, reducing energy costs, eliminating inefficient organisational processes, and changing unreliable suppliers.

Cutting cost benefits organisations because the latter do not instigate layoffs that affect the output and productivity of organisations. Employees are the most important component of an organisation that plays an important role in the achievement of goals. Some organisations lay off employees as a way of addressing drop in profits. However, they exacerbate the problem because the expertise and knowledge of the employees are lost in such a case.

This leads to decline in the efficiency of organisational processes and operations that depend on the experience of employees in order to gain increased output. Therefore, cost-cutting measures should be implemented in a way that does not affect employees. Cutting cost saves a lot of money that is invested in organisational processes that guarantee high returns. This increases profits and the organisational value.

Heart Disease: Nutrition Essay

Nursing Assignment Help Introduction Heart diseases such as heart failure are a growing epidemic in the modern world, with a heavy presence in the developed world. A large number of people in the modern times live with the condition, which means that intervention protocols are necessary. With the number growing every year, nursing profession has become an important field in managing the condition.

Nutrition is one of the best intervention protocols that have proved effective in managing heart diseases. In fact, the right nutrition has proved effective in managing and sometimes treating the condition. The purpose of this research paper is to analyze nutrition in heart disease in three perspectives- nutrition assessment, nutrition interventions and nutritional education for patients.

Nutritional assessment In humans, the adult heart has extreme metabolic demands because the heart requires high supply of energy needed for blood pumping. In fact, the heart pumps approximately 5 liters of blood per minute when a person is at rest and up to 24 liters per minute when one is in vigorous activity. In addition, the heart does not stop working throughout the life of an individual.

Therefore, the energy demands are extremely high. In this case, the main source of energy is the fatty acids (Lee, Jarreau, Prasad, Lavie, et al., 2011). However, the heart can easily utilize carbohydrates as well as fatty acids at the same time. First, these products must be converted into the energy molecule known as the Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP), which is then hydrolyzed by the heart muscles as energy.

These nutrients are needed to supply the heart with energy through renewal of enzymes and elements with lipids, fatty acids and amino acids that are obtained from the diet. In addition, the patients need micronutrients such as thiamine, taurine amino acids, vitamins, carnitine, co-enzymes, omega-3 fatty acids and others. Patients with cardiac diseases have deficiency of these nutrients, which means that the nurse must ensure that they are included in the diet.

Nutritional intervention and consideration for heart disease patients One of the most important things to note is that patients must have adequate supply of energy molecules. Secondly, it is important to note that excessive fatty acids, especially those from animal products, are extremely dangerous to these patients because they are likely to increase the disposition of unsaturated fatty acids in the body, which is a risk factor to cardiac diseases (Lee, Jarreau, Prasad, Lavie, et al., 2011).

As such, it is important for the patients to increase their consumption of whole grains, vegetables, legumes and fruits that are rich in trans-fatty acids and saturated fatty acids.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These fatty acids decrease the risk to cardiac diseases in the body. It is important to recommend the patients to increase their intake of soy products because they are associated with positive effect on the LDL as well as triglycerides (Olendzki, Speed,