During this initial stage the creator keeps his mind open to ideas and suggestions and gathers clues. In Sawyer’s words, “without first learning what’s already been done, a person doesn’t have the raw material to create with. Creativity results when the individual…combines these existing elements and generates some new combination” (Sawyer 59).
Stage Two involves Incubation. In Sawyer’s mind the incubation stage represents “the least understood stage in the creative process” (Sawyer 61). Incubation typically relates to the bubbling of ideas just below the level of conscious awareness; wherein the ingredients collected from stage one are combined and given time to gestate.
Incubation of ideas also occurs when the creative person engages in activities not directly related to his work. Sawyer describes an important adjunct to the incubation stage as “cross fertilization,” wherein ideas from multiple projects simmer concomitantly.
Stage Three of the creative process according to Sawyer is Insight. Insight essentially combines the first two stages. With a thorough grounding in what has come before, the creator allows her mind to incubate ideas until one or more ideas generate a creative insight. Stage Three refers to the “subjective experience” of producing the idea (Sawyer 59). In Sawyer’s understanding “creative insight is never 100 per cent original. What makes an insight novel is the way that these existing ideas are put together” (Sawyer 67).
Stage Four refers to Verification. This stage evaluates the creative insight from the previous stage and decides if it warrants further study or elaboration. Elaboration “takes the raw insight and molds it into a complete product” (Sawyer 69). Stage Four represents the most difficult stage of the creative process, as this is the stage that becomes fully conscious.
Once conscious the fledgling idea becomes subject to the creator’s self judgment, insecurity, self doubt and lack of faith, all of which have killed many a good idea prematurely. Often the best ideas bypass the Verification stage and jump straight from incubation to elaboration.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Evaluation and verification often jettison ideas deemed commercially invalid, or those that appear complex or heavily taxing emotionally or psychologically. A committed creator often struggles in the evaluation phase, especially if his or her career flounders. To a certain extent however evaluation and elaboration work hand in hand, since as Sawyer points out “it’s often hard to tell if an insight is a good one without elaborating it at least part way” (Sawyer 70).
Creativity, though it often defies logic, does not happen in moments of magical inspiration. Creativity rather remains the result of hard work and concentrated attention. The creative person essentially prepares his life for the work to formulate, and it rarely arrives in one solid block, but rather accrues slowly and steadily over weeks and months.
Works Cited Sawyer, Robert Keith. “The Stages of the Creative Process.” Explaining Creativity: The Science of Human Innovation. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. 58-70. Print.
How Globalisation has affected the growth of international business Essay
Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Introduction
Positive effects of Globalization
Negative Impacts of Globalization
Introduction Globalization is a term used to describe the integration of regional economies, humanity and culture through political treaties and understandings. As the world turns into one global village, it becomes important for the various governments to work together with the common goal of reaping the positive benefits of globalisation. This means that the respective governments have to pool their resources together in order to develop such infrastructures as communication lines, roads, airports, ports, and hospitals, among others.
The other area of cooperation is adoption of single unit of exchange, realignment of customs and tariffs within its borders. Globalization has resulted to the formation of the European Union, African Union, OPEC and ECOWAS just to name a few. The results of globalization have seen rapid and steadily elevated local businesses into international status.
Positive effects of Globalization Ever since the beginning of globalization, industrial advancement has taken centre stage due to the emergence of world wide production and emergence of free markets. As a result, both the human resources and natural resources have become increasingly mobile, thus making it easy for business to grow rapidly.
Shenzhen (9) identifies that globalization brings about more free markets where individuals are able to source goods and services from various locations. Similar sentiments were echoed by ILO (24). In this case, the body highlighted that that international trades ensures a perfect of market information in the global market.
The other area that has benefitted a lot from globalization is the emergence of international financial transfers. As a result, firms and organizations can now easily exchange currencies as well as obtain financial supports from such international financial institutions as The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, (Mishkin 47).
In addition, Mishkin (48) further points out that the international financial institutions have enhanced the local economy to produce to their maximum by ensuring adherence to the international standards.
Empel (65) contends that financial stability finance enhances competition both in the local as well as in the international market. This is made possible by influx in capital which encourages new entrants into the market. Therefore, sound financial directions emanating from international trade has ensured that businesses are conducted in an efficient manner.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The other area that has been greatly influenced by globalization is human resource mobility (ILO, 89). Resource outsourcing has remained to be one of the areas that have provided the strategic competiveness for the organizations in international market. Less competitive firms are experiencing high staff turnover especially for the highly qualified managers who are given higher packages.
ILO (89) has also attributed high integration of markets to the increase in the expatriation rates for the professionals within international market. Conversely, Nayak (63) points out that high entrepreneurial turnover would only end up hampering the steady production of commodity products. Such decline in commodity production would results into negative growth of economies in less developed countries.
Moreover, globalization has played a very significant role in facilitating the rate at which information technology is evolving. The need to adopt the latest state-of-the-art technology has ensured that most governments invest highly in research and information development. According to McMahon (128) international businesses are founded on the emergence of steady and reliable technology.
Apart from facilitating increased production, technological advancement has also made it possible various companies to enter into mergers and acquisitions with other firms, both locally and internationally.
The advances in information technology has made it possible for firms to negotiate takeovers deals without necessarily having to organize for face-to-face meetings. Jeffrey (23) cites the proliferation of new goods has emanated from the development of new productions designs and simplified distribution channels for both raw materials and finished goods due to increase in technology.
Globalization has smoothed the progress of multinational organization in some countries. Since the beginning of globalizations firms’ registration and set up procedures have been streamlined by reducing bureaucracy procedure. Munck and Waterman (165) believe that globalization have ensured an international standard and procedures of registration.
Correspondingly, universal applicability of trade laws, taxation and restriction against monopoly has made it easier for firms to operate competitively. Although, many countries within a trading block assume similar business regulations some exceptional cases arise especially when a country adopts protective strategy.
We will write a custom Essay on How Globalisation has affected the growth of international business specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Adoption of common currency has remained one of the major stimuli of international business. Since the countries are relieved the burden of changing from one currency to the other, the risk of loosing value is reduced. Lack of currency barriers have emerged to be vital in determining price levels and estimating the demand for the products. Single currency has played a major role in stimulating economic activities as well as fostering growth (Horn 17).
Proponents of solitary currency argue that labor market is more flexible and sensitive to changes in wages in some region like the USA (Gray