The slaves managed to resist the system and adopted their own way of living despite the harsh conditions that they were being put through by their tormentors. This paper discusses the challenges that the slaves encountered as well as their resistance and the relativity of slavery to gender.
How did the slaves resist their condition and create their own way of life The slaves felt the need to live a good and comfortable life. Despite their lack of freedom and the numerous restrictions that were forced upon them, the slaves resisted their condition and managed to create their own way of life. The slaves still managed to start families despite the harsh conditions.
The slaves would marry, set up homes and eventually get children. This, however, was a big challenge and resulted in the children being regarded as the property of their owners. The family units even extended to the extended family. The marriages between the couples were done by their own people who presided over the ceremony in their cultural way (Foner 216).
Religion was still a very significant aspect in their lives. The slaves did not leave behind their religious beliefs. They still believed in the existence of an almighty spirit who they prayed to. In most cases, baptisms were done in secret. This baptism was presided over by themselves. An appointed leader was to preside over the ceremony. The slaves would go to the river to be baptized. They also taught their children about faith at an early age making them believe in the almighty (Foner 220).
Some slaves learnt how to read. This was very uncommon in the period as the slaves were not allowed or even put in an environment where they could learn to read or write. This was mainly through their individual efforts. They learnt to read slowly through the constant learning and recalling of words. The process took time, but their resilience enabled them to learn (Foner 214).
Slaves resistance strategies against slavery Slavery was hard for most slaves. The constant mistreatment and denial of rights by the masters who were the whites became too much for the slaves. The slaves were put in situations where their lives were in danger as they were being threatened with death or physical harm.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The most common method used by the slaves in an effort to resist slavery was to escape. The slaves opted for this option so as to liberate themselves from the harsh conditions they were under. They escaped to states where the laws against slavery were minimal. In situations where the laws were reformed advocating for increased slavery, they would move to the nearby countries such as Canada where there was no slavery (Jacobs 90).
Some slaves used the generosity of their masters to their advantage. They managed to convince their masters to free them from captivity. This was through striking a deal with their masters to liberate them so that they may also get the chance to pursue their dreams and live a normal life.
Some slaves felt that the only form of resistance that was to be effective was the use of violence. The slaves armed themselves with all sorts of weapons and used them to attack their masters and other whites. They thought that the whites were the enemies and that the use of force would sway other whites from enslaving them (Jacobs 129).
The use of the political avenue through rallies and speeches was also effective. The whites held rallies where they made speeches campaigning against slavery and advocating for equality. This was effective in getting the support of the people, as the light was shed on the practice of slavery. The speakers insisted on equality because they believed that everyone should be alike, humanity and how slavery was not ethical.
Slaves felt that God did not intend for man to live like that. The constant push for the reform of the bills that supported slavery was also constantly dwelt upon so as to encourage the reformation of the bills. This was to encourage the adoption of bills that campaigned for equality. Some of these bills included the bill that did not grant blacks the right to vote and the slavery bill. These were some of the most effective strategies used by the slaves (Foner 221).
Slavery and gender The hardships that the slaves experienced were different in relation to gender. Males and women faced different hardships. The hardships that were faced by the men were too much manual labor and abuse by the whites. The men were overworked in the plantations. They toiled and sweated for the whole day with just the relief of minimal minutes of rest.
The women, on the other hand, faced different problems. They were sexually harassed by the whites who pressured them to grant them sexual favors. The slaves would also be raped and they would lose their virginity by force at a very young age. Their mistresses were constantly mistreating the female slaves, and their children were sold at an early age (Jacobs 80).
We will write a custom Essay on The Slavery in America specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The men, in response to this hardship, would resort to violence to counter the resistance. They would exert physical force on the whites so as to avenge what had been done to them. The women, on the other hand, resorted to the most common resistance strategy that was used by both slave genders which was escaping from the masters.
Conclusion The slaves felt that, despite the fact that they were forced into a difficult situation it did not mean that they could not live their lives. Every human being wants to have a comfortable life. They analyzed the situation and got ways of incorporating a worthy lifestyle into their condition of slavery.
The conditions that they adapted in their lives were the bringing up of families, the belief in an almighty being which was religion and education. They did not give in to the efforts of the British in trying to erode their culture. They still maintained aspects that gave them a sense of belonging and identity.
The slaves resisted slavery at all costs. These made them constantly escape from the whites. This was a common thing in the whole country as many slaves all across the country were opposed to the enslaving. In some extreme circumstances, some slaves opted for the use of force as a tool of freedom from slavery. The new avenue that was more peaceful and most effective was the use of politics to aid in the eradication of slavery.
Slavery was different between genders. Both sexes experienced different hardships due to slavery. They opted for different resistance strategies that were convenient for them. The slaves managed to bend the strict slavery system so as to suit them, and whenever they felt the system was not on their side they decided to oppose it so as to push for their goals. The slaves eventually made the entire system become less hard for them by making it flexible.
Works Cited Foner, Eric. Voices of Freedom. New York, NY: W. W. Norton
Great Depression as a Worldwide Economic Decline Essay
Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Introduction
Major causes of Great Depression
Reasons why Great Depression lasted long
Introduction Great Depression was a worldwide economic decline that affected different countries between 1929 and 1930. It is believed to be the worst and longest economic depression that ever affected the world to date. It is currently used as a lesson to show how world economy can decline causing suffering to all people in the world.
Major causes of Great Depression Many researchers believe the great depression that occurred in 1929 was a result of stock market crash that occurred on 29 October 1929. Stakeholders lost more than 40 billion dollars two months after the original crash. Despite the stock market regaining slowly by slowly later great depression continued to take place. During this period, many people had invested heavily in stock market. Therefore, collapse of stock market made many people lose every investment they had.
Collapse of banks led to great depression. More than 9,000 banks were closed making the investors to loose all their savings. This is because this banks were not insured leading to total loss to any one who had invested his money in those banks. This brought money in circulation to reduce drastically affecting businesses.
The few banks, which were operating, found it hard to lend money to the public. This aggravated the problem making great depression to occur. People lacked confidence in the banks making them demand their savings. The banks having no liquid money to their disposal were forced to close.
Decrease in purchasing power of people. As a result of stock market crush, individuals developed fear for further economic problems. Many people ceased to buy products leading to low production of the products. This led to closure of industries rendering people jobless. The unemployment led to people purchasing power diminishing thus making the economic situation worse.
Drought conditions in Mississippi are a cause of great depression. The drought make people fail to repay their loans, pay taxes and even sell their lands at a price through. Food was expensive to purchase making people spend most of their money on food at the expense of savings and investment.
This led to collapse of industries increasing unemployment rate. Unemployment led to inability to purchase goods and services provided by few industries operating making them close their operations. This led to further loss on the side of government as taxes reduced drastically.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mechanization in industries led to many people being rendered jobless. Industries produced many products thereby making supply exceed demand significantly. This led to low markets as laid down workers could not purchase the produced products. Industries were frustrated with this low demand of their products.
Decrease in population as a result of world war 11 led to reduction of labor force and market for industries. The war killed many youths thereby disrupting family structures. People were concerned with war at the expense of marrying and getting children. The disease outbreaks such as the 1918 flu led to low demand for housing and housing loans. Household markets failed drastically making the industries producing such products close.
The 1930 enactment of Smoot- Hawley tariff: this policy was meant to protect farmers from international competition. Agriculture products from other countries were taxed heavily making them become expensive in American market. This made the demand of American agriculture products to be cheaper thus be preferred to foreign products by consumers.
The countries, which exported products to America, retaliated and started putting restriction on American products. This led to lose of market for American industries and led to trade disagreements among nations. The problem led to collapse of many industries as demand decreased amicably.
International debts: many countries had borrowed money to rebuild their nation after World War 1. These countries were later unable to repay their loans and begged America to cancel these loans. The countries had no choice when America refused to cancel the loans and they had to pay at the expense of boosting economic development in their countries.
Federal Reserve decisions: despite the fact that lack of confidence in banks had led to rise in currency-to-deposit ratio to rise significantly making money supply in U.S. to reduce. Federal Reserve contracted money supply deliberately and increased interest rate. Scholars’ believe that this move by Federal Reserve led to rise of great depression. This is because reduction in money supply affected spending of individuals.
As a result of actual price fall and money supply decline, many people in business and customers expected deflation. They feared to take loans as they thought future profits would not be enough to cater for the loans acquired. This led to low spending by consumers and business spending too. Moreover, failure of numerous banks hindered lending minimizing the capital needed to finance investments (McElvaine 58).
We will write a custom Essay on Great Depression as a Worldwide Economic Decline specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reasons why Great Depression lasted long The great depression lasted for longer periods because of several factors. Some of these factors include:
Government policies that interfered with labor markets. Government introduced policies which forced industries to pay workers high wages. Government policies curtailed forces of demand and supply to work independently forcing industries incur many expenses in paying employee wages. Workers unions were empowered through inaction of National Labor Relations Act making them agitate for higher wages to their members. Employee working hours were not increased despite higher wages employee gets.
Continuous workers unrest led to workers wasting a lot of time away from their work. This led to workers spending more time outside their work. This lead to few production of products which made economic recovery hard making great depression to last for long. The workers’ unrest discouraged investors to establish new industries.
Unevenly distribution of income made great depression to last long. This is because government encouraged establishment of industries as well as mechanization of these industries. This led to many people being rendered jobless and thefore their purchasing power reduced. The products produced by the industries lacked market-making production unprofitable.
Federal government introduced high tax rate of 79%, which discouraged investors to establish industries. This led to lack of job creation making many people fail to be involved in any productive activity. The unemployment made people purchasing power low thus incapable of driving the economy forward resulting to great depression to last long.
High tariffs imposed on imports from other countries developed bad trade relationship with trading partners making international market to deteriorate. Countries were unable to sell their products leading to supply in the domestic market to flood leading to price fall and wastage. This discouraged producers and they opted to reduce their production rate making great depression last long.
New Deal policies campaigned for individuals to establish industries but failed to give private investors confidence to invest. This made private investors reluctant to put their investment in the economy and prefer holding their money. This reduced job creation thereby people’s purchasing power reduced.
This brought great hindrance for economic recovery. New Delphi policies benefited only the few workers and ignored the majority of people who were not employed. The few employed employees who benefited from this policy could not drive the economy making the Great Depression to last for longer time.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Great Depression as a Worldwide Economic Decline by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Work Cited McElvaine, Robert. The Great Depression:America 1929-1941. London: Times Book Publisher, 1993.Print.