Social challenges have become more serious in developed countries than it had been estimated by the end of the World War II. This has been precipitated by adamant poverty and the increasing gap between the rich and the poor in the society.
According to Glennerster, (2000), the economic theory dictated that increasing incomes in countries would be equally distributed among the society. However, this theory had not foreseen the ineffective tax systems favoring the amassing of wealth by the rich in society.
Alleviating social problems in society through social initiatives is not only the mandate of the government, but the private sector either through non-governmental organizations or private businesses can also contribute to this effort by adopting social initiatives.
However, it is up to the government to encourage the private sector by empowering them through measures such as tax exemptions, market subsidies and grants.
This was greatly evidenced in the first term of former President Clinton’s administration. With the coming to power of conservative politicians in the U.S. in the 1980s, the current thinking on poverty was adopted (Weir, 2004). This saw the adoption of policies that advocated for social initiatives such as:
Vouchers The government introduced vouchers for the poor in society as a means of alleviating poverty and ensuring that everyone enjoys the set up social infrastructure in full. There has been an allocation towards this in the national budget. Some of the available vouchers include:
Housing voucher: These vouchers are meant for the homeless in society although special individuals living in poor neighborhoods are given this to help them move to more organized neighborhoods that are considered safer.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Child Care Voucher: This offers assistance especially to single parents so as to properly care for their children in a conducive environment.
School Voucher: This is given to students who choose not to go to public school and since the government will not be incurring any expenses for them in public school, a certain amount of money is given to the parents to help the student attend private school or home-schooling. Subsidized student loans are also made available by the government to enable students to access cheap loans.
Health insurance One form of government grants is Medicaid and it is for low-income families, pregnant women, disabled persons, the aged and children especially those under the care of single parents. States also have their own health plans under the State Health Insurance Programs (SHIP).
Medicare is also available for persons over six years and disabled persons although there are those senior citizens who may not qualify for Medicare, but may get assistance through the Social Security Administration (SSA). The U.S. department for veteran affairs ensures veterans access their healthcare benefits.
The government has put these programs in place to alleviate the plight of the poor, those out of formal employment who had to lose their medical insurance and the disabled in society. It is a right of all human beings and its even entrenched in the constitution that we should all enjoy affordable healthcare, despite our financial status.
The government has also enacted laws to guarantee this. For instance, the provision ensuring long-term care insurance premiums have the equivalent status as those of health insurance premiums; increasing health insurance premiums for the self-employed and tax protections for accelerated death benefits. However, sometimes, this may not be the case as men by nature can never be equal.
References Glennerster, H. (2007). British social policy: 1945 to the present Volume 4 of making contemporary Britain. London. Wiley-Blackwell
We will write a custom Assessment on The Role of Social Initiatives in the Alleviating Social Problems in Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Weir, M. (2004).The social divide: political parties and the future of activist government. Washington DC. Brookings Institution Press.
The Role of Leaders and Managers in Organizations Compare and Contrast Essay
Nursing Assignment Help The role of leaders and managers within organizations has been one of the most debated issues over the year. There are two viewpoints in this regard that have been noted by several theorists.
The prevailing viewpoints would be either managers being leaders or leaders casting their own designation ahead of managers. Managers and leaders have their significant roles to be played and both have interlinked responsibilities and job duties within organizations.
There is a thin line of similarity between the tasks of leaders and managers when it comes to organizational performance. This paper discusses the role of managers and leaders to understand the distinction between the viewpoints and to explain the relation of each in terms of organization.
As per the evaluation of the specification of a leader, creative dynamism is mostly required for a leader to have in order to work effectively for an organization. This indicates the role of leader for providing aspiration for the company employees.
A leader has to manage the organizational work flow but also has to introduce new strategies that are beyond the estimated work goal of employees and managers. On the other hand, a manager is one individual who needs to be effective multi-tasking pillar of the organization.
The duties of a manager include the traffic control of organizational activities and keeping the flow of information updated for interrelated aspects of productivity (Yukl, 2010).
Most often, it has been noted that people confuse between designations of manager and leaders within organizations. It is not incorrect to claim that managers have to follow certain traits depending upon the expected virtues of the manager designation within the organization.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More But a leader is one who has to lead the workforce. Managers are to be counted in that workforce being led by the leaders. It is because managers are vested in certain power or authority by the board or chairman.
This means that the manager can make use of his or her authority to certain limits making it evident that he or she is able to achieve his / her targeted level of management because this designation is prone to be shuffled with other employees of the organization whereas leaders have an eminent placement in the organization and are probable of managing the risk by toil and moil (Yukl, 2010).
It shall be noted that most elevated perspective in the corporate world is that all managers are leaders. However, it shall be noted that there is a vast difference between leader and other individuals working in the organizations. An example to understand this conceptual difference it would be interesting to assume a corporate scenario where a leader presents an idea or abstract to the company.
It could also be considered as a vision of the leader to seek lowered risk levels for the company and higher profits. In comparison, the manager carried out the administrative services to actually work on the abstract and turn it into an effective process for development of the organization.
This is typically done under the guidance and direction of the leader. This clearly justifies that the role of leaders and managers from each other by large (Yukl, 2010).
The above noted example does not at all confirm that leaders are mere bodies of providing vision for the company. Leaders have higher responsibilities as they have to lead the organization and individuals working in them.
Leaders are the only entity that would be casted as a different portion of an organization. Rest of the individuals are considered as the follower base of leaders. Thus, it becomes equally important to understand that both the designations have their respective duties and responsibilities.
We will write a custom Essay on The Role of Leaders and Managers in Organizations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reference List Yukl, G. (2010). Leadership in organizations. New Jersey: Upper Saddle.