What is Cryonics
Cryonics and Egypt
Cryonics and Religion
Introduction Many religions including Islam have built hope in their followers by the promise of life after death after death considering that people have always feared death and sought immortality. Since the ancient times, human beings have held a belief that the human soul survives death. However, in case there is no consciousness beyond death, then many people have been fooled by their religious and cultural believes.
Despite the question whether it’s possible to revive a dead person or whether there is real life after death, trying to achieve immortality is a timeless venture by human beings (Ettinger 123). The Egyptians are among the communities in the world that showed great obsession with immortality and preparation for death. Islam does not clearly support cryogenic but Christian has been teaching on immortalism for centuries and many Christians believe that they will resurrect again.
Death can be described as a change in the chemistry of life therefore disorganizing the normal functions casing the body to stop functioning.
Many believe that it’s not actually when life stops as people can be turned on and off and survive. However these raises a question as to how much chemical changes can a person survive? Technology level can determine this. In the past, about a century ago cardiac arrest could not be reversed, however today the heart can be started several minutes (4-6 minutes) after it has stopped (Ettinger 128).
Beyond that, it would be very hard to resuscitate the brain. The rationale of this paper is that cryonics is a reversible process and if done immediately enough, then the body would be preserved before it dies. This means in future the person can be resuscitated back to life by use of appropriate technology like molecular repair (Perry 40). Because of sanctity of life, the practice has evoked medical, religious and moral ethical concerns.
The underlying reason for the belief that life can be revived is that cryonists do not recognize legal death as actual death but look at it as reversible (Best 493). Even conventional medical now state that death only occurs when the heart and the brain function cannot be restarted. The Egyptians hence tried to make sure that they preserved a person very close to immortality and this is the reason why they when to greater extent of building the pyramids and doing the mummification.
They believed that as long as the body was well preserved, the soul had a place to stay therefore hope for possible resurrection. In order to shed light on the issue this paper will focus its literature on this thesis “the problem of cryonics, the question of its legalization and the way it corresponds with Islam and other religions in Egypt – Medical, moral, and religious ethics toward cryonics in Egypt”.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What is Cryonics Cryonics is a process that is used to preserve a dead human body in extremely low temperatures so that the body is practically frozen with hopes that life could be revived in future (Best 493).
This process is speculative that freezing a body can preserve it in intact condition the reason being that that in case a person died from an incurable disease today, he/she can be resurrected in future when a new cure is discovered, the person can be treated and live again (Henson
US Healthcare Reform Essay
Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The healthcare system of a country is of great significance since it determines the health of the country’s population. The population’s health is important due to the fact that it directly impacts on the productivity of the country. This means that healthcare should be available to every citizen.
Access to healthcare services is determined by the costs associated with their provision. Thus the services should be affordable if they are to be accessed by the majority. It is for this reason that the US government is committed to reform its healthcare system. This essay analyzes the economic impact of the newly signed US healthcare proposal. Three articles on the healthcare reform proposal will be analyzed.
Analysis In an article titled “healthcare reforms” (New York Times), the new legislation on healthcare came into effect on 23/03/2010 after being signed by president Obama. The new legislation aims at overhauling the country’s healthcare system by enhancing access to healthcare services (New York Times). The reform will require majority of Americans to be covered under health insurance policies. 30 million people are expected to be covered in the proposed system (New York Times).
To achieve this objective the government will subsidize the premiums for private health insurance policies held by low income and middle income earners (New York Times). This means that the government’s expenditure on recurrent costs will increase. On the other hand the citizen’s disposal income will rise as they spend less cash on health insurance premiums and medication. The legislation will also monitor private insurers by banning them from denying sick or costly clients insurance cover (New York Times).
Besides, those with per-existing conditions will be insured. This is a risk in the insurance industry since the customers with pre-existing conditions are likely to die or claim payments on regular basis. The profits will reduce as insurers pay more claims per year. The cost of the new system is $938 billion (New York Times). The federal deficit is expected to reduce by $138 billion under the new system (New York Times).
In a second article titled “what is at stake if the healthcare reform passes” (Biheri), the US healthcare system is described as inefficient. The current system is characterized by high costs, inconsistent and complex health covers (Biheri). Consequently, there is low demand for health covers and access to healthcare.
Currently, insurers are offering covers only to customers who are less risky in order to reduce cost associated with paying claims (Biheri). Consequently, they are able to maintain their competitiveness. The proposed system will facilitate access to healthcare through affordable insurance cover (Biheri). Thus the health of the population will improve and this will lead to high productivity in terms of higher GDP.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In a third article titled “Obama’s healthcare reform bill and its impact on the healthcare markets” (Sunita), the US healthcare system was ranked at position 37 out of 200 nations that were studied by WHO. The US spends 17.5% of its GDP on healthcare and this has contributed to the nation’s budget deficit (Sunita).
Hence there is a need for a reformed system that promotes cost reduction. The proposed system will reduce the federal deficit by minimizing costs and generating income through tax accruing form the manufacture of medical devices (Sunita). The demand for health insurance is set to rise as more citizens get covered. The competition in the insurance market will increase as more firms enter the industry to take advantage of the high demand.
Conclusion The proposed healthcare system should be fully implemented since it will lower the costs of providing healthcare services. An efficient healthcare system will reduce expenditure on health services. The savings made under the new system can be used by the government to develop other sectors of the economy. However, there should be provisions for protecting insurers from the risk associated with providing cover to citizens with pre-existing conditions. This will promote investors’ confidence in the industry.
Works Cited Bihari, Michael. “What is at stake if the healthcare reform passes?” About.com. 16 Apr. 2010. Web.
New York Times. “Healthcare reforms.” New York Times. 3 Nov. 2010. Web.
Sunita, Jane. “Obama’s healthcare reform bill and its impact on the US healthcare markets.” The Today News. 10 Oct. 2010. Web.