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The Most Influential Musician from 1870-1950 Report (Assessment)

In the course of history, music has been one of the major methods that people have employed to communicate, entertain and inform. Music has evolved over the decades thus taking different forms and styles throughout history.

This paper seeks to answer the question, ‘which musician had much influence to the society between 1870 and 1950?’ The methodology of answering this question will be based on the influence that the musician had on the society as well as the number of his works that gained positive attributes from the public.

The information will be sourced from both books and articles that provide credible information about the musician. It is important to mention that the paper also puts into consideration the fact that there are different genres in music and that the prowess of a musician can be defined best within the context of the genre he/she chose.

As aforementioned, music has been in existence for as many years as man since it occupies a very crucial part in any society as far as education, communication and entertainment are concerned.

For one to succeed in a career in music, he/she requires the support of the community. Without such support, one’s efforts in the career may be all in vain. To attract the attention of a given audience, one has to be skillful, knowledgeable and tactful in his/her performance.

Within the period in question, certain artists worked hard to win the society’s attention thus remained influential not only within the period in question but also in the contemporary society through their productions. This paper focuses on such musicians namely Heinrich Albert, Harry Lauder and Hank Williams.

Heinrich Albert was a German musician born in Warzburg at the beginning of the period in question, 1870 (Miner 3). His interest in music began at a tender age since in his teenage years he had already learnt how to play three important musical instruments. They included the piano, horn and violin.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More By the time he attained twenty-four years of age, he had already participated in international events as an orchestral musician in Russia, Sweden and Switzerland. During one of the international music events, he developed an interest in playing the guitar and he did not take much time before he joined guitar classes.

Due to his efforts and commitment to his career in music, at the age of 25, he was appointed as the chamber music guitarist in Munich. Five years later, he rose to the rank of the guitarist of the royal theatre in his country. He also won the ‘Court Chamber Virtuoso’ in 1909.

Up to the late 1940s, Albert remained active in his career. Due to his professionalism, the leader of the Munich guitar quartet incorporated him in the team to enhance its credibility (Miner 6). With the help of the other members of the ensemble, Albert further continued to impact masses with his musical prowess. He not only inspired other members of the quartet but he also taught them the skills they needed in playing the guitar (Jeffery 26; Phillip 50).

Additionally, he initiated the use of four different guitars during performances, which later came to be termed as the ‘Munich Model’. Under the leadership of Albert, the quartet did their first public concert towards the end of March 1909. The concert was held in Mailander Mandolin club, one of the famous clubs in Munich during that time. He also participated in a concert that was organized by the artistic society in Nuremberg.

During this concert, the quartet presented one of Albert’s own composition entitled Manuett. Additionally, he also did a solo performance of a piece he had composed earlier in the year, Hungarian Fantasie (Phillip 46). Following the concert, the Munich guitarist quartet as well as Albert received positive responses from their audience that were documented in the Journal Die Gittarrefreurd, which was a famous journal of the time.

Through his influence on the Munich guitar quartet, many people in Austria and Germany developed interest in the ‘Munich Model’ an aspect that led to the development of more ensembles. He also trained other artists such as Markus Shwerdhofer and Heinrich Schener who continued to uphold the quartet spirit.

The twentieth century renaissance of the guitar owes its existence to the works of Albert. Through his experience in music, he came up with the Fernando sor’s sonata, which involves the transformation of a solo guitar to a quartet guitar.

We will write a custom Assessment on The Most Influential Musician from 1870-1950 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In reference to Albert’s work, Jeffery says that, “…an uncompromising work, developing its ideas to the full and concentrating on musical values rather than on what the guitar can do” (37).

Among his works was a detailed guitar playing method and a collection of nearly seventy etudes in six volumes (Jeffery 29). Research has shown that most of the contemporary quartets apply the concepts developed by Heinrich Albert in his career in music.

Harry Launder is one of the greatest musicians and a performer in the Scottish and British realm. The entertainer was born in 1870 in Portobello Edinburgh to a John Launder a designer in China artifacts and Isabella a descendant from the black isle. Harry Launder started his early career by working at the coalmines at the tender age of thirteen years and realized his potential in singing at the time. He started performing his music shortly after getting married to Anna Vallance in 1891 (Gordon 20).

Launders first professional performance took place at a local Lark hall where he used to make about five shillings each night. He later moved to perform at the “go-as-you please”, which was a more prestigious event in the town and made him prominent among the local community.

Fame and fortune for Harry Launder came around 1905 when he successfully led a troop of pantomimes known as the Howard and Wyndham. This catapulted Launder to become one of the greatest performers in England and these lead to various contracts and music deals. Launder was estimated to earn £1000 a night for his performances in the United States by the year 1911. In the following year, Launder topped the charts in Britain becoming the first British in the history of entertainment (Graeme 25).

Some of the greatest hits by Harry Launder include “Roamin in the Gloamin”, “I love a Lassie”, “Keep right unto the end of the road” and “A wee Deoch-an-Doris”. These songs made Launder the highest paid performer of his time with an estimated amount of £12,700 for each performance (Williams 138; Lauder 14).

During his forty-year music career, Launder had made twenty-two visits to the United States and a couple of other trips to Australia with his own train. Other accolades to his title include being knighted after the world war one for raising £1million for the troops to be rehabilitated and inculcated to the society.

According to the Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Harry Launder had rendered to the Scottish race and entire British Empire an immeasurable service through his music and philanthropy. Harry Launder died in 1950 at the age of 79 years leaving behind a legacy of songs, books and films that he had written or stirred in (William 70).

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Most Influential Musician from 1870-1950 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The other musician to make history in the music industry was Hank Williams. He was born in 1923 with his birth name being Hiram King William (Brackett 32). Hiram would later change his name to Hank, which sounded well according to him in country songs. In 1937, Hank would start his career in a radio station WSFA with the producer offering him a program of 15 minutes as the host with a salary of $15. This was after Hank had won a talent show at the Empire theatre pocketing the grand price of $15.

With the rising popularity Hank would go on to form a band with the money he got from the radio show that he called “the drifting cowboys”, and this eventually led him to quit school. Hank would record songs like “Never again” and “Honky Tonkin” which did not do better. It was only after releasing the song “Move it on over”, that fame and fortune started to stream in.

In 1948, he signed a recording contract with MGM records. The following year, Hank went on to release “Love sick blues”, which propelled his music to the mainstream media thus increasing his popularity as a singer. According to Helander (9), Hank was estimated to make $1000 at this point in his career for every performance he went.

It is important to mention that, Hank had eleven number one songs in the American chart since 1948-1953 making him the most successful American musician of his time and the most popular America singer only for his record to be broken by the likes of Elvis Presley and Michael Jackson in years after (Flippo 16)

Other hits by Hank that have gone down in history of music include “You’re cheating heart”, “Hey, Good looking” and “I’m so lonesome I could cry”. Even though by this time Hank had become a star, he nevertheless had issues that cut off his career and life. Excessive consumption of alcohol and morphine and other painkillers saw him being divorced by his wife and being kicked out of the band.

Hank died in 1953 at the tender age of 29 years (Graeme 38). Hanks songs and composition have been used by other musicians in different fields such as pop, blues, gospel and even rock that have become instant hits (Wallace 84)

In conclusion, the three artists discussed in this essay were influential in their own disciplines. Although they lived many years ago, their impact is still evident in the contemporary music industry. They laid the foundations of the genres that they were involved in and even trained other artists who have ensured the continuity of their works. Although their achieved fame during the period in question, the fame has not faded in the society since they are still historical icons in music.

Works Cited Brackett, David. Interpreting Popular Music. New York: University of California Press, 2000. Print.

Flippo, Chet. Your cheating’ heart: a biography of Hank Williams. London: Plexus, 1997. Print.

Gordon, Irving. Great Scot! The life story of Sir Harry Lauder, legendary laird of the music hall. London: Plexus, 1968. Print.

Graeme, Smith. The Theatre Royal: Entertaining a Nation. Saddle River: Cengage, 2008. Print.

Helander, Brock. The rockin’ ’50s: the people who made the music. New York: Schirmer Books, 2010. Print.

Jeffery, Brian. Fernando Sor: Composer and Guitarist. London: Tecla Editions, 1977. Print.

Lauder, Harry. The Ancestry of Sir Harry Lauder, in the Scottish Genealogist, Edinburgh: Sage, 2006. Print.

Miner, Gregg. Heinich Albert and the World’s Fist Harp Guitar Quartet. Harp Guitar Player of the Month. July 2004.Web. .

Phillip, Bone. The Guitar and Mandoline: Biographies of Cerebrated Players and Composers. London: Tecla Editions, 1914. Print.

Wallace, Lewes. Harry Lauder in the Limelight. London: OUP, 1988. Print.

Williams, Lycrecia, and Vinicur, Dale. Still in Love with You: Hank and Audrey Williams. London: Thomas Nelson Incorporated, 1991. Print.

Are The Enacted Voting Law Changes In 2012 Intended To Deter the Minority Vote? Research Paper

Nursing Assignment Help The enacted voting law changes in 2012 are intended to deter the minority vote and will significantly affect the minority voters in the U.S. The changes in the voting law will require voters to possess identification requirements and will create more problems to the minority group since most of them will be ineligible to vote.

Most states have enacted the changes that have made it difficult for citizens to register as voters. The changes in the voting laws target the minority group, blacks, students, and the older people since most of them have do not have the government issued ID’s and photo identification (Jonel 2006).

Those who support the implementation of the changes in the voting law argue that voter fraud will be prevented. However the causes of fraudulent acts in the voting process is very rare. This has led to questions regarding authenticity of the changes made in the voting law.

The rights of voters and voting fraud have become an increasingly debatable issue, but the process had been supported by the Republicans. The Republicans imposed these new restrictions on voter registration to bar the minority group.

According to the views of the Republicans, the new rules are intended to boost a practical way to prevent frauds and to enhance the integrity of the voting process, but the Democrats argue that the changes have little to do with preventing fraud, but are intended to create obstacles to their supporters including the minority groups and the older people (Jonel 2006).

These changes are intended to prevent the massive turnout of the minority voters who supported President Obama to achieve victory during the 2008 presidential elections. Hence, the changes are aimed at reducing the numbers of the minority group and to increase the numbers of the republican supporters. The decision of the Justice Department brought the administration of the Obama into hostile criticism on the new wave of voting restrictions.

The changes are mostly supported by the Republicans in the pretext of curbing fraud in the ballot box. Initially, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was implemented to prohibit discrimination to any person due to the previous conditions of slavery, race, and color, from participating in the voting process (Jonel 2006).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More During the 19th century most legislators held a belief that the law would protect the minority group from discrimination during the voting process.

The requirements of the new law, such as, proof of citizenship by presenting photo identification are an obvious restriction because it will cause millions of the minority voters to become ineligible to vote (Brennan Center for Justice, n.d). The policy that requires voters to show proof of citizenship is a substantial setback to the voting rights of the minority.

The Voting Right Act of 1965 has been a success for many decades in the U.S. The presidential elections of 2012 should be even easier for citizens to take part in the voting process. The partisans should consider avoiding the changes in the fair electoral playing ground. They should avoid making unnecessary amendments to the voting laws in order to restrict the minority from exercising their freedom.

The impact of the enacted voting law changes will profoundly affect the 2012 presidential election results. Most states have already implemented the changes that will limit the voting rights of the minority group. Some states have enacted the bills that require citizens to provide photo ID’s, but more than 11% of the U.S citizens do not possess the government issued photos (Randon 2009).

Furthermore, other states have also introduced the bills requiring voters to identify themselves as U.S. citizens in order to be eligible to register as voters.

The whole issue is related to the past events of the organized voter suppression efforts by the Republicans that targeted the minority group. This strategy is intended to target the minority voters, and it seems as a violation to the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (Randon 2009). The Republicans have been working extraordinarily hard to suppress the minority voters for many decades.

Currently the U.S should count on moral outrage, but it is surprising that the Democrats do not practice the vice because it seems as if the Democrats believe that the Republicans have a patent on it that they use to make up on issues such as war on religion and Obama’s native origin.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Are The Enacted Voting Law Changes In 2012 Intended To Deter the Minority Vote? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, the U.S. can only be successful if all people get a fair share and are treated equally in all matters that affect the U.S. However, when it comes to voting rights the Republicans do not believe that the minority should be treated equally. Thus, the changes in voting law in 2012 will significantly affect the minority vote since they will be denied their rights to vote.

It is true that the Republicans view the minority groups as an obstacle to their victory in the 2012 presidential elections. Therefore, they are working hard to implement the changes in the voting laws to make them achieve victory in the forthcoming 2012 presidential elections.

Bibliography Brennan Center for Justice. N.d. Web.

JoNel, Newman, ( 2006). Unfinished Business: the Case for Continuing Special Voting Rights Act Coverage in Florida. University of Miami Law Review 61.1: 52.

Randon, H., M., (2009). What We Know about Voter-ID Laws, Registration, and Turnout. PS: Political Science