The organization offers extensional training to members of a community to ensure the success of its programs and encourages beneficiaries of Heifer International to give at least one of the female offspring of the livestock to another member of the community who has undergone training. By embracing the Pass on the Gift strategy, the organization ensures it realizes its initiatives and goals on a large scale and uplifts a significant number of people.
As a nonprofit organization, Heifer International sources for funds from individuals and organizations and may enter into partnerships with foundations, corporations and governments involved in projects to create wealth and opportunities. Apart from training individuals on appropriate animal husbandry, Heifer International incorporates various elements of sustainable development education, which enlightens beneficiaries on the management of the income generated from animal products or plants.
The organization acknowledges the fact that keeping people out of poverty is a complicated process, which requires the adoption of approaches in the social and economic context to ensure the growth of the initial investment. The US Agency for International Aid (USAID) considers aspects of the management of an individual project and the project portfolio in making the decision to fund an organization.
Considerations regarding effective portfolio management entail the cost effectiveness of projects and their impacts on the target population or community. Cost effective projects highlight the likelihood of success of the strategic goals while projects with unclear cost estimates indicate the underlying hurdles and inefficiencies in the implementation process.
To make an appropriate decision regarding the funding of Heifer International programs, the USAID needs to embrace evaluation procedures that will provide rough estimates on the gains of the beneficiaries in terms of the income, nutrition and wealth derived from livestock and seedlings (Hooft and Terry 113). The estimates of the beneficiaries’ gain should indicate a sense of relationship between the expenditures on Heifer International programs and the socioeconomic benefits associated with the programs.
A case study on Heifer International programs in Uganda illustrates the comprehensiveness of the organization’s programs and the viability of USAID funding the projects on livestock and plants. The Uganda project entailed the organization of families into projects based on a variety of animals with each family obtaining a cow, pig, goat or fish.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Each family had to meet the conditions set by Heifer International, which included the participation of a member from each family in a series of training sessions, preparation of a shed for the expected animal and planting of appropriate fodder crops. The emphasis on zero grazing eliminated the challenges relating to the ownership of large sizes of land because most of the poor families own small pieces of land.
Heifer International programs thrive on twelve cornerstones, which include sustainability and self-reliance, nutrition and income, training and education, accountability and spirituality (Clements 18). The Uganda families benefitted in other ways such as strategies to improve sanitation, education and gender equality, which are some of the key hurdles to the improvement of the standards of living in developing countries.
Heifer International programs contribute positively to the enhancement of leadership skills by encouraging project groups to elect leaders who oversee the collection of dues and new development activities.
The focus on the long-term goals of Heifer International programs is evident by the decision to employ extension workers with veterinary skills and experience to support farmers in the early stages of their projects. The veterinary workers organize the training of new members from within the project groups to ensure self-reliance within families and the community.
The fact that Heifer International liaises with government agencies within the target country highlight aspects of transparency and openness in the organization’s programs. Heifer International objectives and policies highlight the organization’s desire to cooperate with other entities that are keen on helping impoverished communities in various parts of the world. The cornerstones of the organization’s projects highlight an opportunity that the USAID can exploit in the administration of civilian foreign aid.
Considering that the scope of Heifer International’s activities extends beyond the provision of livestock and seedlings to incorporate various humanitarian activities, the USAID decision to fund the organization would be viable. USAID’s programs on poverty relief, which include assistance to public health and improvement of education, can thrive within the cornerstones of Heifer International programs (Dowling and Chin 78).
Furthermore, the USAID seeks to improve the management of agricultural activities in poor countries and collaborating with Heifer International would enhance the penetration and success of its objectives. Heifer International places great emphasis on practices that facilitate the sustainability of the environment, which has become a global interest among agencies such as the USAID.
We will write a custom Essay on The Main Objectives of Heifer International Organization specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Heifer International meets the demands that programs supported by the USAID must respect the regulations on economic and environmental sustainability and promotes the USAID’s objective of providing environmental assistance to countries facing the threat of declining natural resources.
Works Cited Clements, Paul . “Evaluating the Cost Effectiveness of Heifer International Country Programs.” Journal of MultiDisciplinary Evaluation 8.18 (2012): 16-28. Print.
Dowling, J. Malcolm, and Chin Yap. Happiness and poverty in developing countries: a global perspective. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. Print.
Hooft, vant?, and Terry Wollen. Sustainable livestock management for poverty alleviation and food security. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, Uk: CABI, 2012. Print.
The Asian Presence in the U.S. – The Cambodian American Segment. Essay
Nursing Assignment Help Ethnic and racial diversity is the epitome, if not one of the many of the United States’ cultural backdrops. The dominant ethnic groups that constitute this diversity are White/ European Americans, African Americans, Asian Americans, Native Americans, Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (inclusive of other Pacific Islanders). In line with most historical immigrations of people from around the world to the United States, but for the African Americans, economic, social, and political factors were the impetus.
People from any of the cultures of Southeast Asia, the Far East and Indian Subcontinent constitute Asian ancestry/descent. China, Japan, Korea, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, etc. are Asiatic countries. With an estimated population of 18.2 million plus as of a 2011 census, Asian Americans have become the fasted growing ethnic group (Asian American Population: 2010 Census Briefs).
Among the U.S. Asian population, there are persons of Cambodian descent accounting to 276,667, 231.616 pure Cambodian and 45,051 are part Cambodian according to a 2010 Census (The Asian Population: 2010 Census Briefs). Their homeland, Cambodia or the Kingdom of Cambodia, is located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula of Southeast Asia.
Thailand (northwest), Laos (north-east, Vietnam (east) and the Gulf of Thailand (southeast) are the bordering countries. Cambodia’s political, economic, and cultural nucleus is Phnom Penh, the largest city. Dating back to 802 A.D., Cambodia was originally the land of the Khmer people or the Khmer Empire, Khmer an Austroasiatic language greatly influenced by the Indo Aryan languages – Sanskrit and Pali. Khmer is the official language with Vietnamese as the second most commonly spoken.
Cambodian immigration to the U.S. prior to the 1970’s, was in large part due to wealthy Cambodian families sending their children abroad to matriculate in the educational system and/or government funded scholarship programs. The 19th and 20th century experienced an avalanche of war and genocide worldwide, a tragic testament to former President John F. Kennedy’s view that tyranny, poverty, disease, and were indeed the four major ills that plagued mankind and the universe itself.
It was during his brief and influential, yet tragic presidency that the early phases saw the Vietnam War commenced, which was one amongst the cadre of mass wars and destruction. A post Cold War era military conflict initiated by the French and concluding involvement by the U.S., the Vietnam War spanned twenty years (1955 -1975) with the fall and capture of Saigon by the North Vietnamese.
The war’s far reaching ramifications affected Vietnam’s bordering countries of which Cambodia did not escape. It sparked major internal strife via three major events: the rise and fall of the ruling Khmer Rouge/the Communist Party of Cambodia led by Pol Pot (1967-1979), the Cambodian Civil War – Vietnam/Viet Cong against the Khmer
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Rouge (1967 – 1975), and the Cambodian -Vietnamese War (1977 – 1991). Coinciding with the Khmer Rouge is the Cambodian Genocide. 2 million Cambodian lives were lost due to political executions, disease, forced labor, and a host of other ills.
These monumental events set in motion the massive exodus of Cambodians, starting in 1975, to the U.S. Large waves of Cambodians populated California (Long Beach, Fresno, Stocktonin, etc.), Seattle, Washington and Portland, Oregon. On the east coast, many Cambodians were resettled in Providence, Rhode Island and cities of Massachusetts (Lynn and Lowell) and in the Midwest (Cleveland, Ohio).
Leaving ones’ place of birth, primarily by choice, to live in a foreign country defines an immigrant. Escaping war, persecution, natural disaster, etc. as the momentum delineates a person as a refugee (Asian American Populations). Cambodian Americans hastily relegated to refugee status after 1975. The term refugee ensues connotations and perceptions that are mostly negative and with adverse effects:
Refugee identities are complex and formed not only by internal feelings, beliefs, ethnic and cultural traditions, but also by external factors, such as resettlement practices, forced migrant policies, cultural traditions and the economic, political and social conditions of his/her new host country. Over time, refugees undergo a complicated process of identity reformulation as a result of displacement (Barnett 1)
To be victimized by any circumstance is dehumanizing and even more detrimental is when the circumstances generate negative perceptions. The abovementioned upheavals in Cambodia surely impacted its people and would certainly pose the question – how can one truly believe in life and the quality thereof after witnessing such atrocities? (Asian American Populations).
The Khmer Rouge, etc. catapulted Cambodian Americans, however, into a stigma/negative and erroneous perception – a people that are poor, dark, dirty, pitiful, helpless, and hopeless.
Their rich history, culture, etc. negated and most importantly the fundamental respect that all human beings are afforded – to have a purposeful life, be treated with respect, and to contribute/be impactful. The Cambodian American plight is expounded upon in the 2007 PBS documentary Sentenced Home. Directed and written by independent filmmakers, Nicole Newnham and David Grabias, Sentenced Home was apart of documentary film series entitled “Independent Lens.”
We will write a custom Essay on The Asian Presence in the U.S. – The Cambodian American Segment. specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The documentary, following the lives of three young men, depicts the difficulties of assimilation for many Cambodians, past and present, but most importantly empha-sizes the detriments of the “external factors” as affirmed by Barnett above. A particular external factor is U.S. immigration/migration policies that have become a piranha and nemesis for many Cambodian Americans leading to deportation injustices.
The most effected is the second generation – those who came as infants, youngsters, or where born in the U.S. Difficulties assimilating compounded by no innate connection to and knowledge of their homeland caused hardships which in many instances led to criminal acts with the end result being deportation – a never ending spiral of displacement, degradation, and dehumanization.
Cambodians and Southeast Asians have historically suffered more oppression than other Asian groups in comparison to Asian groups. The refugees were never educated about the benefits of citizenship. Therefore, Cambodians and Southeast Asians have been deported fairly easily without due process of the law. Families have been split as a direct result of deportations (Graham, Li, Tronco, Truong, and Xi Jun 1)
The Cambodian American plight, along with other ethnic group adversities, puts a true human face on U.S. history (Asian American Populations). History is the mechanism through which the human experience is put into perspective and is a tool to measure success and failure.
The human face seen via the U.S.’s immigration policy is a face of good and evil. Bolstered by historical pride yet undermined by fear, diversity has not always been welcomed and valued promulgating one man’s heaven becomes another man’s hell. We can only surmise the end result if things do not change.
Works Cited “Asian American Populations.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – United States Department of Health