The definition of racism continues to evolve with time and when academicians think that they have fully defined racism and that they know what it encompasses, it presents itself in a different form. The implication is that race has been resistant to factors that are supposed to define it. It is redefined by other factors such as popular culture which give it a new meaning altogether (Acuna 1).
In the American context, it was possible to define race some years ago but the situation is now different and defining race continues to become difficult. For instance, when W. Bush was campaigning for the presidency in U.S some people would have described him as being racist because he is white.
However, it is difficult to rule out that he is racist because a majority of his supporters were black people. The implication is that if he was a racist, then the black population would not have backed him. In the 2004 elections, the Latinos were not able to recognize racism which confirms that the definition of racism is still elusive.
Ten years before this election, the Latinos living in California had unanimously agreed to vote against proposition 187 because they said that it was a racist endeavor. This led to a shortage of votes for the republicans from the Latinos. Latinos currently constitute about 14% of the American population hence they cannot be ignored by the rest of Americans.
The Black experience in America is characteristic of an endless struggle for human rights which dates back to more than 200 years ago. Among the Latino population, it is only the Mexicans and the Puerto Ricans who have experienced this kind of struggle hence they have no language to define racism and to them it goes unnoticed.
Race as it affects Latinos cannot be defined only on the basis of the experience the Latinos have gone through in America. The Mexicans apart from the experiences in US they brought with them another history of 300 years of colonialism. This makes the definition of racism take a new perspective from the earlier one (Acuna 5).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In Brazil there is a cordial relationship between black and white people who get along better than they do in the United States. However, racism is still prevalent in Brazil.
The black Brazilians are still discriminated against and they remain the poorest people in Brazil. The mixing of these two races has not done away with the effects occasioned by slavery. A state of tension has emerged as a result of the different views on race held by Americans and Brazilians.
The definition of race continues to change because as Americans define it in terms of black and white, the Brazilians look at race as a continuum of colors. For example, the view of Martin Luther king and Nelson Mandela is stronger in Brazil and weaker in Brazilian Zumbi. This is an indication that not all Brazilians look at culture as a continuum of colors but it rather depends on ideological views.
There are historical and social constructions in Brazil that indicate that race is highly dependent on class and location of the individuals. Black Brazilians earn less than white Brazilians and are less educated. From the racial point of view, Brazil and America are different in that in America whites and blacks are equal but live separately. In Brazil, there a different kind of racism where the whites and blacks live together but they are unequal.
The Latin Americans in the United States define race basing it on the continuum of color and this clashes with the US model of defining race. Similarly, the US Latinos are faced with different definitions like the Latino and Hispanic that in most Spanish speaking countries are put in one category.
This makes the definition of race even more complex and the class groups that are produced by the continuum. The process of identifying the historical and social differences between the different Latin groups is made difficult by this fact.
These groups share a common colonial heritage and speak the same language. There understanding of race in the US is therefore different. The Guadalupe Hidalgo treaty accorded Mexicans the rights to be full citizens, which was interpreted to mean that the Mexicans had been granted the status of white men.
We will write a custom Essay on The Illusive Race Question specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, what the treaty stated was contrary to the reality because Mexicans were still regarded as non whites and their citizenship was challenged. The ambivalence of Americans towards Mexicans has always been seen through US census where the Mexicans have been branded various names.
Class divisions exist among different groups in America which are hidden by the idea of nationalism. This kind of confusion is an indicator of future problems because unless race is looked at as a factor, racial disparities will not be handled effectively (Acuna 11).
Works Cited Acuna, Rodolfo. The Illusive Race Question and Class:A Bacteria that currently Mutates. 2005. Web.
Technology Help – American Become More Knowledgeable Essay
Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Introduction
The United States’ Woes
Is Technology that bad, after all
Introduction For a considerable period now, the United States has been among the world’s most developed countries. Majority of the industrial machines originate from the U.S. The medical industries developed rapidly due to the creative skills of the American men like Charles Darwin and Francis Galton among others. Regrettably, the rate of creativity, especially amongst the youths, has rapidly declined due to the emergence of technology in contemporary times.
Most young people, especially those at the school going age, are techno-savvy; thus, they cannot survive without the use of computers, mobile phones, and other gadgets in their daily routine. With the extinction of the old creative generation, the US is yet to face the worst of intellectual disability.
Although the use of technological devices like computers, robots, mobile phones and other machineries has made life simpler, the youths have not only become redundant or ignorant but also have lost the power to create. Technology might be a new form of literacy; however, its uncontrolled use and misuse has pushed the US into intellectual oblivion.
The United States’ Woes Despite the fact that technology came to the rescue of several areas in the society, youths, especially those in the universities and high schools, rely heavily on the technology.
Consequently, the education sector has become useless because students cannot pass their exams or assignments without using computers. Personally, I see my fellow students using Google to download their assignments and other research papers needed in the course work.
Thus, nobody uses his or her mind to produce original assignments; regrettably, the class assignments are full of plagiarism. Furthermore, during classes, students concentrate heavily on their mobile phones, surfing the internet instead of listening to the lecturers.
I hold that, if a survey was conducted today, most students would advise institutions to invest more in the Internet than in library resources. Therefore, the current education is not only producing half-baked graduates, but also ignorant people.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Sciences, especially mathematics, are one of the difficult subjects to the youths or students in the US. Scientists have resolved to use the robots to solve problems.
Although the innovative scientists are old, the younger generations should use their skills. For instance, if a student uses the computer/internet service or a robot to solve his or her sums, s/he decreases the level of his/her intellectual capability.
In addition, due to ‘copy pasting’ of class work from the internet or fellow students, the rate of knowledge in the US is on the declined. For instance, the number of innovations in the twenty first century is very low compared to the innovations of the nineteenth or eighteenth centuries.
One wonders, does it mean that there is nothing to discover or is it that the current generation cannot think? I think the latter makes some sense. Therefore, although students may end up in universities, most of them are not only ignorant, but also present themselves as illiterate or morons in the employment sector.
Communication is one of the vital aspects needed in the progression or advancement of a nation; unfortunately, technology has ended up being a social barrier not only in the US, but also across the world.
With the emergence of mobile phones, people interact less (Morino par.7), and even some employers carry out interviews using computer packages like Skype. With constant interaction, people discuss ideas, which later lead to valid or outstanding skills helpful in building a nation.
Currently, in corporate meetings, educational forums, and other social gatherings, people do not draw their attention to the speaker; no, they are on their phones or laptops. Therefore, in social forums people discuss fewer ideas and interact less due to the divided attention.
We will write a custom Essay on Technology Help – American Become More Knowledgeable specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More During the nineteenth century, most intellects or youths converged to discuss the way forward in solving emerging social problems in their vicinity. Nowadays, if the youths are not listening to music or watching a film, they are on Facebook or twitter among other social sites.
Therefore, the lack of computers and handsets in the old generation produced not only intellectuals or scholars, but also innovators, which is contrary to the current generation. The current children/youths can neither think nor use their minds to solve a classical problem in class. The result of this ‘intelligence’ catastrophe is ‘half-baked’ graduates who cannot even write a resume or a cover letter.
Is Technology that bad, after all In the face of the negative things attached to technology, the most prodding question remains; is technology that bad after all. In my opinion, it is not. Every story has two sides and looking at the other side of technology unveils rich positive attributes to the benefit of the society. In the wake of the contemporary technological revolution, education has become realizable to people who could not achieve it hitherto.
Online courses are now available, an aspect that renders time and space useless in terms of communication and connectivity (Mackenzie and Wajcman 26). Students can now complete their studies regardless of location. Moreover, for the wise, technology offers a rich source of invaluable information that can be used to hone one’s intelligence.
Technology avails a wide range of information, which empowers those willing and wise enough to utilize it. Knowledge is power, and by availing knowledge to people, technology gives power to the same. Therefore, in my opinion, technology is not bad at all, only that people do not want to use it rightly.
In addition, technology has ameliorated the filed of medicine in the contemporary times. Studies show that people that suffer from certain diseases in their childhood have impaired reasoning abilities. Fortunately, technology has ensured that our children grow healthy, free from preventable diseases. This aspect allows our children to grow into capable adults who can reason competently (Guston 15).
Therefore, the lucky individuals, those who do not get carried away by the hype that is killing our intelligence, have benefitted enormously from technology because they grow to become intelligent people. For instance, we have seen how technology can work for the god of those who use it sagely.
Think of Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft, and Mark Elliot Zuckerberg, the founder of Facebook. These two examples tell me that technology can be utilized for the benefit of the society if we think straight.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Technology Help – American Become More Knowledgeable by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion The US has the best experts in all sectors especially in the medical industry. Unfortunately, with the emergence and improvement of technology, the youths have not only become ignorant, redundant, or unknowledgeable but also uncreative, antisocial, and lazy.
The education sector in the US produces poor scholars without innovative skills, with poor reading, writing, and observation skills. Students cannot think of their own; they rely on resources availed by technology to solve the simplest of issues like completing a simple assignment.
Computers and mobile phones have produced a generation with poor listening and communication skills. On the other hand, the use of technology like the application of the PCR helps the current generation to solve many social problems like rape and other crimes. Therefore, technology in itself is not ‘bad’; however, people make it ‘bad’ through misuse or overuse.
Works Cited Guston, David. Between politics and science: Assuring the integrity and productivity of research. New York: Cambridge University press, 2000.
MacKenzie, Donald, and Watchman, Judy. “Introductory Essay” in The Social Shaping of Technology. Buckingham: Open University Press, 1999.
Morino, Mario. The Impact of Technology on Youth in the 21st Century, 1997. Web.