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The Development Of Strong Sense Of Self Esteem

Introduction The development of a strong sense of self-esteem during childhood is important since children are to withstand the family stresses, school pressures, and temptations in societies. It is also a general belief of many professionals, including researchers, educations and parents, high self-esteem in children is linked to better academic achievement and more success in life (Leary, Schreindorfer,

Play School And Pre School Education

The history and structure of Indian education has not been stable and it has been varying from time to time. Indian education system has moulded itself on the pattern of the British education system. After independence the central and the state governments have emphasized on spreading education to all corners of the country.
With hundreds of universities and thousands of colleges affiliated to the Indian education system, India has positioned itself as a country which provides higher education to the World citizens. The segments of our education system are:
Play-school and Pre-school education
Elementary education
Secondary education
Higher education
PLAY-SCHOOL AND PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION Present Status Lack of a regulatory system to monitor the practices followed by the schools in this segment and to act as a governing body
The target segment is the age group of 2-6 which forms around 9-11 % of the total population. Thus the scope for the segment is huge with lot of untapped segments in the rural areas.
Gross Enrollment Rate (GER) in pre-segment is around 18%
Current Trends With the advertising by various government agencies there has been an increment in the significance of early education for the child development
The presence of majority of play schools is in the urban areas which leaves lot of untapped markets in the rural segments
ELEMENTARY EDUCATION Present Status Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) along with other schemes has been instrumental in increasing enrollment rates of students in primary schools
With the increase in enrollment rates there has been a decrement in the social disparity which was highly prevalent in the 1990’s
Problem Areas The dropout rates are very high which is around 48% in elementary education
There is a state disparity with states like UP. Bihar lacking behind in terms of GER’S , Dropouts etc
There were infrastructure issues with 8% schools lacking drinking water facilities and 14% do not have a school building
Teacher absenteeism and inefficient regulatory system are issues hampering the inefficient regulatory system
According to ASER survey by Pratham , 60 % of the children aged between 7 -12 are unable to read a paragraph
DROP-OUTS ACROSS VARIOUS EDUCATION LEVELS SECONDARY EDUCATION The success of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) has benefitted the secondary education
The major issue is that the number of secondary schools is less than half the number of upper primary schools in the country
Source: Credit Suisse Report
Major Issues Most secondary students are boys thus there is a gender inequity
While India has been pursuing the goal of universal education , the share of financing to secondary education has declined over the years
As per the current trends the enrollment in government schools has decreased over the last decade
There is trend to opt for private education in urban as well as rural areas
POLICY INITIAVES FOR SECONDARY EDUCATION Construction of classrooms and schools in rural areas where there are no many private players in operation
Training and hiring of various teachers in order to prevent a demand-supply mismatch
Investment in curriculum revision , technology reforms and examination reforms to increase the relevance of education in the society
Provide financial assistance to the disadvantaged students and overcome household reluctance to send their children to school
Promotional campaigns about the benefits of education
Programs to improve the internal efficiency and quality of secondary education with programs such as SSA
Promoting ICT’s so that students can gather knowledge from secondary sources other than textbooks and teachers
HIGHER EDUCATION India has the third largest number of universities after US