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Self-managed Learning Approaches and Life-long Learning

There are many learning methods to choose from. One of them best understanding techniques regarding particular and professional living development are Self-managed learning approaches and Life-long learning approaches (LLL).
The following we are considering the evaluation connected with Self-managed understanding.
Evaluation of Self-manage learning approach: Before coming into the profession arena, people really should bring the decent extent connected with self-confidence which often retains them inspired for their work. Self-managed understanding techniques play a big turn in creating this self-confidence inside of. As soon as people recognize what they may be skilled at, that they start giving more time on that will sector. SML aids the staff throughout figuring out their particular know-how areas and motivate these to variety their particular vocation on it. Diligence originates on the stream as soon as an individual loves his/her career. The actual planned method throughout SML aids staff to be able to plot their particular understanding using methods and that they also must focus much more on future needs at the. Gary the gadget guy. Most advanced technology. The actual employees should be able to face fluctuations inside group at the. Gary the gadget guy. When a fresh new goods and services is actually announced. With this method the employees should come to recognise their particular responsibilities and they’re going to place their particular effort much more outstandingly and very well. The actual syllabus cost-free method specifies that the employees perform acquire expertise by the basics and dreams of the contemporaries plus the group alone.
Task 1.2 Ways to encourage lifelong learning of the employees: A informing in order to we now have many methods lifelong understanding on the staff throughout professional and particular living may be encouraged.
Let’s look into a few methods to encourage lifelong understanding on the staff throughout professional living:
The staff should be required services and conferences to create these individuals adapted while using the completely new devices or technologies which are on make use of by the corporation.
The administrators really should talk to the staff to evaluate whenever they are content with their particular career of course, if they may be in your head organized for it.
The organizations can offer the college cost to be able to the employees that don’t even have a qualification.
The staff may be made available cost-free document trainings.
Let’s look into a few methods to encourage lifelong understanding on the staff throughout particular living:
The staff may be given responsibilities to try and do like a collection. They can study on one another and understand a few truths throughout completely new approaches.
It’s the manager’s career to keep the employees motivated on the work. The actual employees may be called or short job interviews or individual instruction using administrators to be able to stimulate these individuals. Particular understanding is dependent upon men and women. It depends on each and every staff members the amount they may understand from co employees or administrators.
Task 1.3 Benefits of self-managed learning: SLM method could be the best understanding for just about any member of staff to build up his vocation like a corporation particular person. On any work industries, self-confidence are needed to grow up that has a very good standing. Self-managed understanding provides a workforce that wills self-confidence. Simply because by way of self-managed understanding staff learn largely off their activities. These people get to know what they may be proficient at, whereby they are able to give their full capacity effectiveness. It’s very important regarding the two members of staff and corporation that the individual member of staff is actually given responsibilities throughout his/her know-how spot. The actual staffs also need to enjoy their particular career in the event they want to give their particular 100 % initiatives inside. Via Self-managed understanding staff study on their particular colleagues, their particular administrators. Supervisors act as mentoring employees in this particular process. These people discuss with the member of staff what they may be experiencing regarding their particular responsibilities. The actual staffs in addition receive possibility to give their particular reviews regarding any completely new technologies or merchandise the organization has ended proceeding. SML always gains the two workers plus the corporation. It provides the organization that has an assured band of workers that know about their particular ability. The corporation in addition extends to recognize how efficient his workers may be at different responsibilities.
Task 2.1 Required skills and competencies required for customer assistants: One of the buyer assistants a few expertises are essential prior to the organizational objectives and professional expectations.
Interpersonal Communication Skill: Fantastic public conversation proficiency is required. Conversation proficiency is defined as split in to a couple expertises. There’re:
O Speaking skill: A fantastic communicating proficiency is required one of many buyer assistants to be able to get in touch with the customers can use along with other employees. Most people hold the same trouble them to be not able to explain truth such method that will everybody knows. Buyer Assistants ought to be detailed and understandable for your clients.
o Listening Skill: Jamming proficiency isn’t going to specify only listening; what’s more, it signifies comprehending what is being said. Buyer asset really should have a very good listening proficiency. They ought to determine what the customers can use say or requesting at the first illustration.
Managing Skill: Buyer assistants also have to handle different situations time and energy to time period. These people should be able to handle those people situations easily and success. That’s the reason the humble taking care of proficiency is required.
Adaptability: Day-to-day new products and technologies are now being used at each and every group. Buyer asset really should can adapt these individuals throughout extremely quick time period. Oahu is the versatility which often specifies the core power on the employees.
Task 2.2 Possible development needs for the same category of workers: You’ll find always a few areas to develop. The actual workers inside same class may have a few development needs. Let’s look into the feasible development needs for your same class of workers plus the actions forced to fulfil these individuals:
Intercommunication Skill: The actual intercommunication proficiency between your same class workers may be developed. It is very needed for same collection staff member to know one another to run the job movement. They should be very clear with each other.
Adaptability: Similar class workers really should adapt the job model and movement of each and every additional right away. A same undertaking can involve a number of workers and machines. The actual workers on the same collection should be aware the fact that machines function and should adapt while using the completely new technologies.
Commitment: The actual workers ought to be dedicated to look at their full capacity that can help one another at work. For that corporation to develop it is crucial that the employees are very helpful together.
Task 2.3 Development opportunities and the activities required to meet them: I have already been touching John final a few times and we’ve talked about the development opportunities regarding your ex along with other individual employees. Many of us, jointly, are building a particular development strategy (PDP) regarding your ex. They have also been functioning at Tesco score in the community connected with Structure Hamlet like a buyer asset regarding final 8 a few months. Via an extensive conversation we’ve determined from which industries John believes you’ll find chance for your ex to develop. There’re:
Managing different situation: John senses a bit apprehensive at times as soon as he’s got to handle unpredicted situations. He senses that they aren’t able to face those people situations. Sometimes the retailer manager has got to can be found in entrance to manage those people situations regarding your ex. John believes in the event he or she and his colleagues get some good much more trainings regarding the way to handle these kind of weird situation, that will deliver the self-confidence in that person.
Listening Skill: The customers are from different track record using different feature. John senses at times he’s got a tough time comprehending what a few clients are requesting. He believes he or she needs to perform increasingly more listening training to be able to different features. The actual SML method may help at this time. He believes he can improve the listening proficiency through conversing with people connected with different feature as soon as he could be outside.
Speaking Skill: John doesn’t really feel any deficiency connected with communicating expertise throughout your ex. Although he or she believes in the event he can learn a little bit of basic words from additional favourite ‘languages’ throughout Liverpool, he can guide the customers can use much more. He believes this proficiency may be greater possibly by the group giving them short phrase list to examine or through themself trying to learn from the people because acquiring a few enjoyable time period together as soon as he could be going out inside recreation area or sites prefer that.
Task 2.4 The problems take into consideration although creating the right and professional development strategy is actually discovered and discussed down below:
First problem, Just about all individual employees should be straightforward using themselves. They have to make clear their particular lacking and try and work on those people.
Identifying the needs plus the objectives inside group work sector at the. Gary the gadget guy. Require connected with experienced and professional staff, enhance throughout markets, sources for example personal computers and so forth. Supervisors from all business units really should guide seeking the objectives and explain these to the employees.
Finding out there the additional staffs’ experience and expertise to meet up with the needs connected with administration crew. It’s very important to prepare Conferences, Classes, and trainings to further improve up the expertise.
Another fantastic problem could be the development charge; the proportion which the staff are establishing. It could be obtained with development appointments where by different responsibilities and time period schedule on their behalf may be given. Personnel can recognize how considerably they have moved on through considering the concluded responsibilities.
Finally, the actual staff should be sensible regarding their particular given responsibilities. They have to become decided to meet up with the administration needs and their particular development needs.
Task 3.1 Discuss the processes and activities required to implement the development plan: Talking over jointly we and John possess made a list of procedures and actions which often are necessary to implement the development strategy. There’re:
Finding a target time frame: It’s very important to be able to begin a time frame when the implementation on the strategy ought to be occurring.
Assessing the skills, abilities, and knowledge: One more critical process and exercise would be to measure the expertise, abilities and knowledge of individual employees just like John. For instance, John is designed for some type of computer perfectly and there’s certainly one of his colleague that is not that considerably very good using computer. In the event that equally are called to try and do the same undertaking on computer their particular timeframe to try and do the job aren’t going to be same.
Learning Strategies: The actual employees ought to be given responsibilities because collection and encouraged to look at SML because their particular understanding method. In this manner they will adapt the revolutionary understanding right away.
Learning Resources: Understanding sources may be textbooks, education paperwork, computer and so forth. The staff should be effective adequate make use of the sources to arrange to be able to implement the development strategy.
Getting feedbacks: Feedbacks are a powerful way to assess the advancement on the member of staff. It’s very important to judge the blueprint and function a bit customer survey to get the effectiveness on the staff above the idea.
Task 3.2 Undertake and document development activities as planned The actual Prepared development actions are because stick to:
Training the employees: The actual staffs are educated using a task dependent work and punctually time frame. With the education they have discovered completely new techniques and using the sources they have discovered to be able to adapt to the revolutionary thoughts quickly.
Organizing the study groups: The actual staffs are split in to research communities. The actual staffs doing work in the same sector is in the same collection so they can work on their particular professional areas jointly.
Mentoring and Supervising: The actual staff are mentored and administered by the administrators plus the brand administrators. They’ve kept very good face for the staff to determine their particular advancement on their own so when friends.
Consultation: Soon after each and every collection undertaking is performed the staff receive discussion off their brand administrators regarding their particular effectiveness and what they have to perform enhance their particular pace and accuracy.
Task 3.3 Critically assessing the staff learning against original aims and objectives set in the development plan: Self-managed understanding, by way of my personal look at, provides each staff members a particular knowledge about what the organization needs from them. These people get to know what this company is actually low in for example experienced workers. Via subscribing to the collection instruction it assists these individuals comprehending the revolutionary approaches running a business and so they receive adapt to these individuals very easily. Via this technique in addition, they can study on their particular colleagues. Thus, the idea provides these individuals the liability to master just about every 2nd. Additionally they provide the option implement their particular thoughts talking about while using the brand administrators through the discussion sessions. The most beneficial section of this understanding method is actually that they don’t have to research textbooks; they are able to study on individuals all over these individuals. Thus, in my look at Self-managed understanding is often an effective way to build up the staff for his or her particular and professional living.
Task 3.4 Suitability of updating the PDP: The actual feedbacks and in-progress evaluation provided by the administrators and brand administrators ought to be consumed very critically plus the PDP connected with John along with other men and women ought to be up-to-date on the basis of those people feedbacks and evaluation. The actual feedbacks and testimonials demonstrate the industries where by John needs to receive developed and additionally, there are reviews regarding his powerful proficiency industries too. With the feedbacks, John is actually lacking is actually conversation and versatility. Thus, right now John is aware what he or she needs to work on increasingly more. He should enhance his conversation proficiency and look at getting effortless while using the completely new technologies. Increasing the versatility may very well be a tough undertaking regarding your ex nevertheless he can in addition have the feedbacks from his brand manager after having a certain time period.
Thus, it is quite ideal to be able to update the PDP connected with John based on the feedbacks and in-progress testimonials he’s got acquired. He needs to place initiatives to have better feedbacks when. Will help you your ex getting increasingly experienced and it will likewise guide your ex getting special offers.
Task 4.1 Solutions to work-based problems: Through the PDP I bought a few work dependent difficulties for example regarding a short time My partner and I has been experiencing bored stiff doing the regime dependent is effective each day. Thus, My partner and I wanted my personal brand manager give us some more accountabilities. This extra some more responsibilities in my career. I’d to be effective harder. Although my partner and I have been pleased with the idea considering that the monotony has been absent from us.
The following trouble my partner and I has been going through has been communicating while using the guy people connected with my personal collection. The actual people were from different generation. My partner and I tried wasting a bit more time period while using the folk people. Which helped us a whole lot getting together with these individuals?
One more trouble I bought has been certainly one of my personal collection associate has been very poor using computer expertise. Once we were given responsibilities related to computer many of us were concluding later. My partner and I made available your ex to present your ex a few lessons on computer proficiency within just my personal expertise. He gladly contracted and within just a short while he or she developed a whole lot.
These are generally many of the difficulties my partner and I experienced in the course of PDP and my partner and I could resolve these individuals at the same time.
Task 4.2 There are various styles of communication e.g. verbal, non-verbal, preverbal etc. But in order to communicate with various levels at work I think assertive communication style is the best one.
The typical Supervisors can get in touch with the administrators by way of this way giving completely new directions and also demonstrating regard for them. The actual administrators can provide orders on the buyer assistants along with other staff throughout aggressive way.
Via this way the minds on the group can get in touch with the lowest most respected member of staff on the group. Every person can learn every time completely new merchandise is going to be released. Just about every employee really feels their particular significance inside corporation. This hard drives these to work harder.
There are many much more communications variations used through the work for example sign language. Although those people are simply just through the is effective. In order to get in touch with different stage, I do think aggressive conversation method is the foremost a single.
Task 4.3 Time Management: Occasion administration is often a tough undertaking. This ought to be done by having a prepared way. While I have already been given the duty to stay demand on the brand for your 7 days, I’ve got to handle my personal work time period.
I’ve got to become very frugal although picking out my personal transfer time period. I’ve got to direct from the entrance through the busiest time period on the time. Let me also have to handle some time schedule to offer the employees a superb frugal work shifts to be effective alongside one another.
As I was the brand manager for your 7 days, I want to seek the advice of the revolutionary employees to evaluate right now there effectiveness and My partner and I in addition really should mix up the time period schedule to present these individuals a way to work with more experienced and effective employees.
The actual work-loads, my partner and I should try to portion throughout a smart way that the experienced workers are working for the most difficult responsibilities plus the additional workers understand from them.

Importance of Teaching Styles in Classrooms

All people learn in different ways, it is therefore essential that teachers try to incorporate as many different teaching styles as possible into the delivery of what they are teaching. Marshal ( Marzano 1992) suggests that the concept of learning has to include positive attitudes, the ability to acquire knowledge, allowing learners to extent their own knowledge and then applying their knowledge to everyday life. Marshal (Marzano 1992) also believes that a teacher must develop these concepts in order to help learners develop, and make learners learn independently, so they may continue to develop and gather knowledge for the rest of their lives.
There are many different approaches and theories on teaching styles. Most agree that for all pupils to have an equal experience in education, teachers must adapt their teaching styles so that everyone benefits within the classroom. Marzano (1992) suggests that lower ability pupils should be taught through ‘closed’ tasks. A ‘closed’ task has a specific structure and set of instructions to give pupils a clear idea of how a task should be approached and completed. Marzano (1992) then suggests that higher ability pupils should experience more ‘open-ended’ tasks, allowing pupils to develop their thinking skills. This style of teaching is very much learner centred as the teacher must adapt their style of teaching to suit the needs of pupils in their class.
Mishra (2007) has a different theory of teaching styles. Mirsha (2007) argues that there are three styles of teaching; discipline centred, instructor centred and student centred, although there are many more different teaching styles and theories suggested by different authors. The discipline centred style of teaching is very structured, not allowing for flexibility for what is taught and when it is taught. This style of teaching may be completely centred around the national curriculum, without deviating from it. This style of teaching is as ineffective as it is unpractical, as teaching must allow for flexibility to ensure that all pupils are learning and achieving in schools. Instructor centred style of teaching focuses on the teacher as being the main source of knowledge for pupils. Everything that pupils learn may come from the teacher, without obtaining knowledge and information from other sources. Much like the discipline centred style of teaching, the instructor centred style is very limited and does not help learners develop, as pupils do not have to seek ways of finding out information themselves, but simply ask the teacher. It is also very limited as the teacher can not be expected to be able to answer all of the questions the pupils may have, and may have limited knowledge in certain areas of the curriculum. The third teaching style suggested by Mishra (2007) is the student centred style of teaching. This style is much more learner centred and is very much focused on the cognitive development of students. Through this teaching style, pupils are encouraged to learn through enquiry, and develop their own thinking skills obtain knowledge and solve problems. Unlike the other two styles suggested by Mirsha (2007), the student centred style of teaching also focuses more on the needs of individual learners. This style of teaching allows for pupils to learn in different ways as the teacher adapts their teaching style to suite all learners, of all abilities.
However, the three teaching styles suggested by Mirsha (2007) are limited as they do not consider the variations between different classrooms and schools. There are many different teaching styles, all of which must be focused on what best suites the learner (Association of Teachers and Lecturers 2011). Perhaps therefore, it is more important to focus on how pupils learn rather than just focusing on teaching styles, as no style will suite all learners.
One of the most accepted models of learning styles is Fleming’s Visual Auditory Kinaesthetic (VAK) model which has been further developed by Grinder. The first types are the visual learners. Visual learners learn by seeing different types of information such as pictures, diagrams and models. They may also prefer to read a piece of text for themselves, rather than have someone read it to them. Visual learners often remember information by picturing it (Cheminais 2008). To help visual learners, teachers must adapt their teaching style to incorporate as much visual elements into their lessons. An example of this could be to making sure the structure of the lesson is indicated on the whiteboard so that pupils can see what the lesson will focus on. It is also important that the teacher writes down key information from the lesson so that the learner can memorise the information visually.
Secondly there are auditory learners. These learners may prefer to listen to information such as being read a story, rather than read it themselves. They may also benefit more from group discussions as often, auditory learners remember information by remembering what they have heard (Cheminais 2008). To hep auditory learners, teachers can incorporate group discussion, audio activities such as listening to music and reading a book out loud so that auditory learners can remember information that they have heard.
Thirdly there are kinaesthetic learners. These types of learners prefer to be engaged physically with the work by means of touching and doing. Kinaesthetic learners achieve best when lessons incorporate ‘hands on activities’ that allows learners to be actively involved with the lesson (Grinder 1991). It is argued that the best teaching style is to use a multi sensory approach. This will incorporate all learners of different abilities as it helps learners retain knowledge and information in a way that best suites them. Studies from the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development have suggested that this style of teaching greatly benefits children who have dyslexia. A dyslexic child may experience problems with reading and writing, because they have problems seeing and then processing words. However, if a multi sensory style of teaching is used, it benefits dyslexic pupils greatly as they are able to use other senses such as touch (kinaesthetic). This style of teaching has been proven to help dyslexic children in particular as it builds up kinaesthetic memory to complicate visual and auditory ones (Bradford 2008).
A different model explaining how pupils learn is Piaget’s Theory/ Model of Cognitive Development. Piaget’s model is a Constructivist model, meaning that pupils continually build upon previous knowledge, this is also called schema (Carrell 1984). Whilst studying the way pupils learn, Piaget focused on Assimilation and Accommodation. According to Piaget, assimilation is the process whereby pupils receive new information and experiences from their learning environment. Accommodation is the follow on effect from assimilation as the pupil adapts their mental views because of the new information and knowledge they have acquired (Atherton 2010). From his studies, Piaget concluded that as pupils matured, so they were able to understand and absorb more knowledge. Piaget believed pupils were not able to carry out certain tasks until they were mature enough to be able to do so (Atherton 2010). From his findings, Piaget created a four stage Model of Cognitive Development. The first stage is the Sensory Motor Stage and lasts roughly from birth to two years old. At this stage, the child begins to differentiate themselves from other objects in their environment as they begin to develop their senses. Also at this stage, the child is deemed ego-centric, as they are unable to consider others needs. They may also recognise that they need to do something, in order to make something else happen e.g. they need to push a toy car in order to make it move (Jardine 2006). The second stage is the Pre-operations Stage and lasts roughly from two to seven years old. During this stage the child begins to develop language and vocabulary. They then associate language with objects and words (Atherton 2010). The child will usually classify objects together because of one common factor such as different shapes being classed together because they are the same colour, despite their differences in size and shape. Piaget argues that children in this stage are still ego-centric, but are beginning to decentre their view of the world and other people. Piaget also argues that children in this stage have a certain amount of animism as children believe that non living objects such as cars, share the same feelings as them (Jardine 2006). Stage three is the Concrete Operations Stage and lasts approximately from seven to eleven years old. During this stage of development, the child becomes more mature and animism and egocentric way of thinking begins to disappear in most people. Also during this stage, children begin to see objects in different ways (Jardine 2006). For example, before this stage, children may see a spilt pint of milk as being more than a pint of milk in a bottle. However, during the Concrete Operations Stage, children develop ‘reversibility’, or that things remain the same after they have changed. For example, children learn that the spilt pint of milk is actually the same as the milk in the bottle even though it appears different. The final stage is the Formal Operations Stage and lasts from eleven to sixteen years old. During this stage, the pupil develops to think like an adult. If the pupil is faced with a problem, they may search for all the possibilities to solve it. Pupils are also able to evaluate different ideas without having to relate them back to something that already exists in the real world (Bybee et al 1982). From a teaching perspective, it is important to take into Piaget’s Theory/ Model of Cognitive Development when planning or teaching children. As Piaget suggests, children develop different skills and qualities and different stages of their life. It is their fore unfair to set a task that is suitable for a child in the Concrete Operations Stage when they are still in the Pre-operations Stage. Taking account Piaget’s model, it is important for teachers to adapt their style in order to suit the pupils they are
Gardner offers a different theory of learning. Over the last half century, suggestions have been made that people have different types of intelligences. One of the most well known is Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory (Ginnis 2008). Gardner argued against past theories that people were born intelligent, and instead suggested that all people are intelligent, but in different ways. In 1983, Gardner developed seven different types of intelligence (Ginnis 2008). More recently, Gardner has suggested that there are eight different types; linguistic, logical (mathematical), spatial, musical, kinaesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal and naturalistic. In 1999 Gardner claimed ” I now conceptualise an intelligence as a biopsychological potential to process information that can be activated in a cultural setting to solve problems or create products that are of value in a culture” (Ginnis 2008). Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory benefits both teacher and pupils. Gardner claims that everyone is intelligent, just in different ways. This can help build pupil’s self esteem and confidence as they may struggle in some subjects but thrive in others. His theory also allows a more prestigious status for certain tasks in the classroom, which in the past may not have been deemed as showing intelligence in a child. Gardner’s theory is also very beneficial to teachers and the style they use as it allows teachers to have higher expectations of every child (Ginnis 2008) and therefore push each child further. Gardner’s theory also helps teachers differentiate their lesson planning to include all pupils equally. In the past, pupils may have been grouped by ability only in certain subjects. However, using Gardner’s theory, the teacher is able to see which pupils progress better in which subjects, and can therefore plan and group pupils together according to their ability in a range of different subjects. This does however depend on the overall style of the teacher as they may deem mixed ability groups more appropriate for certain tasks. Teachers may also use Gardner’s theory to identify which subjects or task pupils feel less comfortable carrying out, and then try to support them more when participating in these.
Professor Anthony Gregorc again offers a different approach to learning styles. Gregorc suggests that people perceive (acquire) and order (organise/ store mentall) information in different ways. From this, Gregorc developed different scales for both Perceiving and Ordering. On the perception scale, Gregorc argues that there are Concrete learners at one end of the scale and Abstract learners at the other (Ginnis 2008). According to Gregorc, Concrete learners need the physical aspect of learning, they are kinaesthetic learners and need to be actively involved with a task in order for them to benefit from it. Gregorc then argues that at the other end of the perception scale there are Abstract learners. These types of people use experiences to help them memorise information. They also look for patterns in work and how things are similar or different (Jonassen et al 1993). It is important to highlight that the majority of people fall somewhere in between the two ends of the perception scale. On the Ordering scale, Gregorc argues that there are Sequential people at one end, and Random people at the other. Sequential people are very logical, focused and are able to memorise facts easily. When carrying out a task they follow a step by step plan in order for them to complete the task effectively. Random people, Gregorc argues, are not so focused and find it hard to memorise facts. Random people may be able to answer a complex question, but not be able to say how they came to their answer (Jonassen et al 1993). Like the Perception scale, most people fall between the two ends of the scale.
From his research, Gregorc argues that there are four types of learners; Concrete Sequential, Abstract Sequential, Concrete Random and Absract Random. With regard to teaching style, it is important for a teacher to realise what learning style/ styles pupils may be, in order to set tasks that will be most beneficial to them. Concrete Sequential learners need structured, practical activities. These types of learners need to be told exactly what to do and may require a checklist, such as a success criteria, in order to complete a task. They also require regular feedback to make sure they are correctly carrying out the task. Abstract Sequential learners prefer to do their own research, but the research must be structured for them, for example a worksheet where pupils have to fill in the gaps. These types of learners also like to evaluate work and like different ideas and theories. Concrete Random learners prefer to work with a certain amount of freedom without having to worry about deadlines. These types of learners do not like working with others, unless they chose who they work with. They are curious learners and like challenging work such as researching ideas for themselves. Finally, Abstract Random learners are very creative, and like to work in groups. They learn best through discussion, either in small groups or with the entire class. They are very flexible learners, who don’t mind making mistakes. They also learn best when humour is used when teaching information (Ginnis 2008).
Teachers can use Gregorc’s work to help them plan and adapt their style of teaching to suit all learners. Although it is not possible to teach in a style that will benefit all learners in every lesson, it is important to try and incorporate all learning styles over a series of lessons (Jonassen et al 1993). Teacher’s can also use Gregorc’s work to approach teaching with a more personal style. For example, a Concrete Sequential learner may prefer a task broken down into small stages, so the teacher can use this knowledge of learning style to plan effectively for them. Also, an Abstract Sequential learner prefers to work in groups, so the teacher can make sure that a lesson involves group work, or discussion of some kind (Ginnis 2008).
Although there are many different approaches and theories regarding teaching and learning styles, all suggest that there is a relationship between the two. It is impossible for a teacher to have a strict teaching style, as it will not benefit all pupils within their class. Instead, a teacher must identify what different learning styles pupils within their class may have, and then use this information to adapt their teaching style so that all pupils benefit from their teaching.
My school experience placement took place in a Church of Wales school in a small town in central Powys. The school has eight full time teachers and eighteen teaching assistants, some specialising in supporting special needs children. The school is a dual stream co-educational primary school and between Infants and Juniors there were one hundred and eighty pupils. In my class (year six) there were seventeen pupils aged either ten or eleven years old. The class had one teaching assistant who was a full time assistant to a pupil with Autism. The school is organised into eight classes, three in the foundation phase and three in Key Stage Two, with years four and five combined. These classes are taught through the medium of English. The other two classes are taught through the medium of Welsh and range from reception to year six. Pupils are able to attend the Welsh medium classes, irrespective of home language. Even though the Welsh medium classes are separate from the rest of the school, the whole school comes together for assemblies, break and lunch times and after school clubs. In 2008, the school received a positive ESTYN inspective report. In Autumn 2010, the school was re-awarded the Basic Skills Quality for Maths and Language. The school is also a Green Flag Eco-School and a Healthy School for its good work in Education for Sustainable Development (eco-schoolswales.org). .
The school followed the National Curriculum of Wales. Core subjects the non-core subjects of History, Geography, Art, Design Technology, Music, Physical Education and Religious Education are taught. As the school is a Church of Wales school, Religious Education is taught in accordance with the Church of Wales syllabus, which look at all religions and compares them to a child’s own beliefs. Collective Christian worship takes place on a daily bases.
Whilst on school experience I witnessed many different styles of teaching in the non-core subjects. The teaching style were different not only in each subject, but depending on what task was being carried out, and what the teacher felt was most suitable for the pupils in the class.
In art, the whole class made wire men, which were later covered with mod-rock and painted. To explain the task to the children, the teacher firstly demonstrated what they had to do. This helped visual learners, as they were able to see exactly what they had to do in order to complete the task successfully. When the pupils actually carried out the task themselves, it was very hands on, and the children were actively involved. This type of learning supports Grinder’s kinaesthetic learner, were using senses such as touch and sight while carrying out the task. Throughout the lesson the teacher continuously gave feedback to pupils. By giving constant feedback the teacher was supporting Gregorc’s Concrete Sequential learners. In art, it is easier than most subjects to use a multi sensory teaching style, as the subject itself presents very practical work, suited to the kinaesthetic learner.
History also presents a teacher with the ability to use different teaching styles. On school experience, the class covered the Second World War in History. The teacher and I used different objects from the war such as a helmet and air raid siren, to help pupils learning. This style of teaching helped both visual and kinaesthetic learners as they could see and touch the different objects to aid their knowledge and understanding of the War (Grinder 1991). Also while studying this area of history, there were group and class discussions. This style of teaching would aid Gregorc’s Abstract Random learners (Ginnis 2008) and also auditory learners as pupils would learn by discussing and listen to information about the War.
There are many different methods and style of teaching music in Key Stage Two. Music is a subject that allows pupils to express themselves more than they may normally do in other subjects. Also, Gardner suggests music as one of his eight intelligences (Ginnis 2008). It is important for a teacher to realise a pupil’s capability in music in order to teach them effectively and help them advance. Music is a very multi sensory subject as it benefits visual, auditory and kinaesthetic learners through reading music or lyrics, listening to different types of music and physically playing different instruments. While on school placement, the class composed a song in Welsh, to the tune of “What shall we do with a drunken sailor”. Instead of just letting the pupils write any lyrics they wanted, the teacher showed them a clear structure that they had to follow. The pupils then worked in groups to help compose lyrics to the song and then performing it. This teaching style benefitted a range of different learning styles. Firstly, Concrete Sequential learners benefited as they were provided with a clear structure of what they had to do to compose the song. Secondly, Abstract Random learners benefited from the group work and the creativity to compose song lyrics. During this lesson, the teacher had purposefully adapted their teaching style so that different learning styles would benefit from the lesson.
Design and Technology (D

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