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Satellite Digital Audio Radio Service’s Efficient Communication Essay

Table of Contents Connected Activities


Revenue Source

Work Cited

Connected Activities In order to ensure efficient communication SDARS has to connect three important components; the communication satellite, the uplinks and the downlinks that enable easy transmission. The communication satellites provides three orbits each covering an estimated distance from above the earth into the space and this ensures that signals are distributed evenly.

Low orbit covers below 3100 miles above the earth, medium orbits below 12,400 miles and geostationary covering 22,237 miles. Through the use of earth-orbiting satellite the SDARS have ensured that the radio signals are received promptly by the subscribers (Callahan et al 305-306).

SDARS have also installed terrestrial repeaters that ensure that the transmission signals are not disrupted by obstacles. The system also has attenuated free frequency range that prevents transmission interference by the weather. The firm offers an in-dash unit that has the ability of receiving AM, FM and also satellite transmissions.

There is the FM modulator capable of receiving and retransmitting signals, and the portable plug-and-play devices which offer the subscribers convenience since it can be used in cars (Callahan et al 306).

Scope The rise in the radio technology has seen ascend to the levels of offering commercial applications. The quality and the distance of transmission coverage also improved and incorporated the human voices; this ensured that a good percentage of population is reached from every region (Callahan et al 305). The vehicle industry has become one of the major customers for the satellite radio, all new vehicles scramble for installation and the radio prices are usually not considered in pricing the new vehicles (Callahan et al 305).

The SDARS provides subscribers with variety of unique channels with less time apportioned to the commercial coverage as compared to the traditional commercial coverage that took approximately fifteen minutes per programming hour. The signal coverage is widespread therefore offering subscribers the ability to listen to same station on long journeys (Callahan et al 306).

There is the hardware subsidies offered by SDARS in order to offset equipment costs. There are also incentives that are offered to the dealers that enhances the retail sales. The service has of recent offered the XM satellite radio that produces a signal from two earth-station antennas. They offer variety of music, talk, sports, entertainment and news channels. Besides they provide the subscribers with the opportunity to listen to live artist performances (Callahan et al 308).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Revenue Source To ensure stability and continuation SDARS obtains its revenue from advertising, activation fees and subscription fees. The contribution by the XM was approximated to be between 20-25% of the total revenue. The company charges an activation fee of $9.99 that’s only for subscriptions ordered over the website.

The activation fee for orders made over the phone is a bit higher rated at $ 14.99, the total activation fee was estimated to contribute between 3- 5% of total revenues. The monthly subscription fee for XM which forms a big percentage of the revenues is charged at $9.99 per month. The subscription fee has contributed between 79-88% of total revenues (Callahan et al 309).

Also the addition of other channels like the premium adult channel and playboy radio saw the increase in the subscription fee in the recent past. In Sirius satellite radio 98% of the revenue is obtained from the subscription fee with less than 2% from advertising. This is since music programming commercials are free of charge (Callahan et al 310).

For the enhancement of their transmissions SDARS provide the consumers with the tuners each valued between $250 – $400, antenna valued between $50- $100 and also there is a fee paid to cater for the installation services that’s between $60 – $100.

Some revenue is received from the partnering companies like the GM which helps in the distribution process of the XM radios (Callahan et al 309). On the other hand The Hertz Corporation which is a car rental Company partners with Sirius satellite radio to provide radios in Ford vehicles which costs tenants an extra charge of $ 5 per day (Callahan et al 310; Feng et al 467-503).

Work Cited Callahan, Cropper, Hunter, Kucker and Mitzel Angela. “Satellite Digital Audio Radio Service”. Accessed at on March 2, 2010.

Feng, Froud, Johal, Haslam and Williams. “A New Business Model? The Capital Market and the New Economy”. Economy and Society, Vol. 30, No. 4, 2001: 467-503

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How bills become laws Essay

Nursing Assignment Help Bills are proposals bought into a legislative body for review. Upon acceptance, these proposals are then enacted into laws enforceable by the country. Bills go through a number of processes before they are enacted into laws (Sullivan, 2007).

A proposed bill is first introduced to the house by either a member of the senate, the president or a member of cabinet. Heads of federal agencies could also introduce bills but only through a member of the house (DeDecker, 2008).

After introduction, the bill is then subjected to committee action. At this stage, a committee looks at the bill, comments and makes any revisions as may be necessary. Following hearings and revisions by the committee, reports are written with the committee’s recommendations after which the bill is brought back to the floor of the House and Senate for debate.

In some cases, bills are subjected to a conference committee that is constituted by members from both the house and the senate. This is done in order to reconcile any issues that may be covered by two such bills that may be in both chambers. After careful deliberation, a compromise is then normally reached and a conference report submitted to both chambers on the same (DeDecker, 2008).

Once the bill has passed the committee action stage, it then proceeds to the floor action stage. At this stage, the bill is debated on the floor of the house and senate and any additions and or subtractions made. After the debate on both floors, a decision is then made on whether to approve the bill or not. This is done in a harmonised way to ensure that both the House and the senate reach a consensus on the way forward for the proposed law.

The final version of the bill is agreed upon after the debate and members of both the senate and the house then subject it to a vote.

The last stage of the law making process is whereby the approved bill is sent to the president. Once the president receives the bill, he has an option of commenting and signing it or he may decide to veto it.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Upon the president signing, the bill then immediately becomes law; but if the president decides to veto it, the bill is taken back to congress where it is drafted again or his decision can be overturned by a two thirds majority in both houses. The head of state is allowed a period of ten days to carefully look at the bill and raise any concerns. Once this period expires, the bill becomes law without further delay.(DeDecker, 2008).

The new laws are then published and given numbers. Drafts on how they will be executed are drawn and incorporated in the US code.

References DeDecker, S. (2008). How a Bill Becomes a Law. UCSB Libraries.

Sullivan, V. (2007). How our laws are made. The library of congress.