There are various categories of symbols both in the secular and religious domain all of which bear similar or different meanings depending on their global reach. In general, symbols are classified into religious and secular symbols each of which has a precise and global meaning. Symbols are therefore easy to recognize but one needs to associate with the symbolized ideology in order to understand the meaning of the symbol.
The evolution of society has led to the association of the like-minded individuals who ideologically have the tendency to relate to similar individuals while secluding others who are perceived as different. Consequently, each like minded group creates symbols that will allow for visual or audio association without necessarily any verbal communication consequently forming a subliminal connection.
Secular symbols These are symbols that have no spiritual significance and rather are associated with more worldly oriented activities and societies. Unlike religious symbols that are normally primordial and have been passed through several generations, secular symbols are created on a regular basis and are prone to alteration.
Atheist, Cult, Sect and Denomination symbols These are symbols used to represent religious groups that do not share a single, generally accepted, current definition of religion. Such groups usually have teachings bordering a certain religion but are either too strict or relaxed in their practices. Other are symbols used to represent groups that do not believe in God Since their ideology is not widely embraced, they use certain symbols to identify their members (Ellwood 45).
Such symbols include piercing of the upper part of the ear, certain rings, and tattoos among other symbols. Most atheist symbols usually have a cosmic pattern and often integrate the letter A in their design (Ellwood 45). Examples include the invincible pink unicorn, American atheist logo and the endorsed atheist symbol.
Military symbols Military symbols are used to identify members of the military units of specific forces of a given country. Different military units such as the armed forces, marines, navy, rangers as well as the air force have different symbols on their uniform badges to identify them. The symbols are such as; crossing rifles, artillery, crossing swords or specific colors (Ellwood 45).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, different ranks in the military have different badges on their uniform and on the berets and crowns. Such symbols include eagles, purple hearts, colored badges and metallic stars. There is also the use of body language and gestures such as the salute which is also considered to be a symbol (Ellwood 46).
National symbols These are symbols used to identify any given country in the world and are unique to the given country. Other symbols are used to identify certain physical features on a map of a specific geographical region and are universally recognized apart from those used by the military for intelligence purposes.
Roads are usually illustrated as lines, churches as a cross and bridges as double lines across a water body (Ellwood 46).Flags are a colored representation of a country’s values and history and the colors are usually symbolic of a past experience or valuable resource (Ellwood 49).
National anthems are songs sung to the praise of a nation which are symbolic of a nation’s aspirations for its citizens and are intended to integrate patriotism and loyalty to one’s nation. In addition, certain international organizations have flags to represent the values of the organizations for instance the United Nations, the World Health Organization and the World Food Program all have flags to assert their commitment to perform certain duties (Ellwood 50).
Political symbols These are the most widely used and diverse symbols because they exist in almost every nation that has political parties where each party bears a unique political symbol.
Through out history however, there have been a number of political symbols that have become prominent and greatly influential to modern day politics. Such symbols include the communism symbol of a crossing hammer and sickle inside a red five sided star, the swastika, the anarchism symbol of a letter A inside a circle, fascist symbol among others (Ellwood 48).
Currency symbols Major international traded currencies are represented by symbols in order to allow easier identification. Currencies such as $ for the dollar, ¥ for the yen, £ for the British pound and € for the euro. All international currencies have unique symbols that make the currency corresponding to the symbol easily identifiable (Ellwood 49).
We will write a custom Essay on Religious Symbols specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Trademarks and logos These symbols are used to identify the products from a specific organization or company. These symbols are therefore synonymous to that company and the use of the symbol on other products is illegal. The most commonly known trademark is the MacDonald’s fast food chain letter M. Others include the Nike tick logo, Mercedes Benz three sided star, and the Nokia tune among others.
Countries can also be allocated symbols for instance Australia as a kangaroo, New Zealand as a kiwi, Canada as a conifer leaf and Ireland as a clover (Ellwood 46).
Religious symbols Religious symbols are used to represent a large group of individuals who are committed to a certain faith and the symbols are usually considered sacred and holy. The most commonly known Christian symbol is the cross or the crucifix which is used to represent the object on which Jesus was crucified hence redeeming believers from the burden of sin. Other Christian churches also use scented candles, rose water, sacrament and wine as a symbol of their commitment to Christ.
Other Christian symbols include the peace dove also referred to as “shalom”, six sided Star of David, the Huguenot cross among others (Ellwood 52). Similar to Christianity, Islam has unique symbols that are only identified by members of that faith. The most common is the crescent moon which is used as a prayer guide and also as a seasonal indicator to Islamic prayer routines (Ellwood 53).
There is also the sun which is used to show the time of prayer and also a seasonal pattern indicator for prayer programs. Of all religions, Hinduism can be said to have the highest number of sub-denominations enclosed within the Hindu religion. Different groups of people from different parts of Asia depending on their geographical location, tribe and culture have different religious symbols (Ellwood 53).
The most common is the cow which is considered to be sacred. There are other subgroups that also hold sacred other animals such as mice, certain species of birds and cats (Ellwood 54). There are however religious symbols such as the Ramayana, which is a legendary half man being, which is generally accepted among the Hindu community as a heavenly warrior who guards member of the Hindu faith.
Conclusion Symbols are the simplest form of communication and have therefore been used by societies since ancient times. The Roman Empire for instance had symbols to represent the king and the symbols authenticated any document in the name of the king. The pope also has a symbolic ring which is an illustration of his divine clout. Modern societies have adopted numerous symbols as societies get more disintegrated in terms of interests.
Young adults in Metropolitan low to mid income societies in particular have the propensity to form gangs and the only way such gangs identify each other is through symbols such as hand gestures, dress code and tattoos. Professional practitioners such as doctors, lawyers, engineers and other occupations such as police, firefighters, construction all have symbols to either identify one as a member of an occupational group or identify rank within the group.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Religious Symbols by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Doctors in hospitals have conventionally worn a white overcoat and a stethoscope round the neck while nurses have white or blue uniform. Engineers on the other hand can be differentiated from construction workers at a site through the color of helmets.
It can also be seen that Religious symbols are more conventional and have existed for a long period of time since they have been passed down through generations. Secular symbols are easily generated and are therefore constantly emerging and evolving in synchrony with society.
In addition, religious symbols are more consistent in intent and are considered to be numerous in comparison to secular symbols since there are numerous religions and each religion has several symbols. Symbols are important in society since they simplify the means individuals associate and integrate.
Works Cited Ellwood, Robert. Introducing Religion from Inside and Outside, (3rded). New York: Prentice Hall, 1993. Print.
Sexual and reproductive health Problem Solution Essay
Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Introduction
Description of broad based approach
Benefits of the approach
Difficulties encountered and how they were dealt with
Introduction Sexual and reproductive health is quite essential in each and every society. Statistics in United States show that out of ten HIV positive adults, eight are men. Gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital warts and Chlamydia among other sexually transmitted ailments are still rampant in the United States. Women still continue to go though so much in terms of reproductive health problems. (Smeeding, 2005, p. 955-983)
This clearly shows that sexual and reproductive health needs in United States are still quite high. This paper therefore describes a broad based approach to sexual and reproductive health in United States. It elaborates on the benefits of the approach and its current impact. There is also an elucidation on the difficulties encountered in the approach and how they were dealt with. Finally, the paper describes the current challenges and actions that might be taken to address them. (Klein, Martin 2008, 295)
Description of broad based approach Analysis of sexual reproductive health in U.S shows that poverty reduction approach has been used. This was initiated in the year two thousand and four. The government of United States has specifically put a lot of effort in reduction of poverty. This is considering the fact that poverty was identified to be one of the major factors that highly contributed to poor sexual and reproductive health. (Smeeding, 2005, p. 955-983,)
The approach aims at putting in place government funds that have to be channelled to various institutions that help in enhancing sexual reproductive health in the nation. The low income people are also given free education on sexual and reproductive health. This also includes treatment of sexual and reproductive health ailments among this group of people.
The United States government also created an account where money for poverty reduction is kept. This approach was chosen such that education materials and facilities can be used to educate the poor about sexual and reproductive health.
This was chosen because the poor people in the society normally lack basic information about sexual and reproductive health. This therefore makes them to be highly vulnerable to sexually transmitted ailments. It was also noted that the poor women and adolescent girls have many reproductive health problems highly caused by inability to access quality healthcare.
This approach therefore channels funds to healthcare and educational institutions that help in educating the poor in the society. Healthcare facilities also help to treat the low income people affected by sexual and reproductive problems. This is program is implemented both in the rural and urban areas. (Smeeding, 2005, 955-983)
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Benefits of the approach This approach is highly beneficial in various ways. It highly helps in educating the low income people in the society about sexual and reproductive health. Through this program, many poor people suffering from sexual and reproductive health problems have been really helped.
It is a very holistic approach since it does not just look at the curative but also the preventive aspects of sexual and reproductive health. The fact that it deals with both men and women in rural and urban areas makes it highly effective in enhancing sexual and reproductive health in the society. (Merrick, 2002, p. 12-95)
Current impact Analysis of the current impact shows that through this approach shows that it is commendable. It is clear that among the low income people in United Sates, seventy five percent are knowledgeable on sexual and reproductive health issues. This includes adolescents who are highly vulnerable.
This program has highly increased the rates of safe deliveries among low income women in United States by thirty percent. The number of men who are knowledgeable about sexual and reproductive health has increased by forty five percent. This is quite impressive considering that a large percentage of low income men are less knowledgeable on sexual and reproductive matters. These are statistics that were collected by February 2009.
Difficulties encountered and how they were dealt with At the onset of the program, there were various difficulties that were encountered. One of the difficulties that were encountered in this program was identifying the institutions that would be used to implement the program. This was solved by checking out on the institutions that are mostly located in areas where there are low income people in the society. Another difficulty that was encountered included the lack of staffs to help in implementing the program. (Merrick, 2002, p. 12-95)
This was solved by recruiting and training more healthcare staffs to handle the activities relevant to this program. Initially, it was quite difficult to find the low income people. This was also dealt with by co-operating with the local authorities at the grassroots level. They were able to identify the low income people in every state and their names were forwarded. Some of them are single parents, street children and quite a large percentage of adolescents who come from low income families. (Smeeding, 2005, p. 955-983)
Current challenges There are also current challenges that are currently being witnessed in this approach used to handle sexual and reproductive health. One of the major challenge to this approach concerns funds. With the global economic crunch, government funds allocated to this program have greatly reduced.
We will write a custom Essay on Sexual and reproductive health specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This has made it quite challenging to reach out to so many low income people in the society. Another challenge that relates to this program concerns the number of low income people in the society. The global economic crunch resulted in very many people losing jobs that were really supportive. This means that the numbers of low income people continue to escalate day by day and alleviation of sexual and reproductive health problems continue to be a mirage. (Merrick, 2002, p. 12-95)
Remedies It is important that the program managers seeks out for more funds from donors among other stakeholders in order to enhance the sustainability of the approach The government needs to put in place proper measures such as policies that can improve the economy and reduce the numbers of low income people who are vulnerable to sexual and reproductive health problems. (Smeeding, 2005, p. 955-983)
Conclusion In conclusion, sexual and reproductive health is quite imperative in the society. The approach that was incorporated in United States entailed poverty reduction. This is considering the fact that the low income people in the society are highly vulnerable to sexual and reproductive health problems.
It entailed provision of sexual and reproductive health care and education to this group of people. This program has been highly beneficial in enhancing sexual and reproductive health education in United States. The overall conclusion is that the program has been successful.
Bibliography Klein, Martin; ‘Poverty Alleviation through Sustainable Strategic Business Models’; pp. 295; 2008
Merrick Thomas. ‘Population and Poverty; New Views on an Old Controversy’;
International Family Planning Perspectives; Volume 28; Number 1; 12-95, 2002
Smeeding, Timothy. ‘Public policy; economic inequality and poverty’, The United States
Not sure if you can write a paper on Sexual and reproductive health by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More in comparative perspective; Social Science Quarterly; p., 955-983, 2005