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Religious Doctrines Essay

Religion has been difficult to define since time immemorial. This is because most definitions introduced by various theologians could not wholly enclose all the religious aspects. Thus many people have agreed on a general view that religion should not be defined since the more it is defined, the greater the explanations raise controversy among various doctrines. However it is clear that religion contains complex matters beyond the agreed verbal doctrine.

The three major religious orientations are sacramental, prophetic, and mystical. In all the major world religions, one of the three can be found. Sacramental orientations are mostly found in the Roman Catholicism, Christianity and Buddhism (McCullough et al. 212).

Prophetic orientations are depicted in Judaism, protestant Christianity and Islam, whereas mystical orientations are witnessed mostly in Hinduism and Taoism (McCullough et al. 212).

Most religions that bear some sort of mystical orientation have an identifying characteristic of trying to search for a union that has some greater reality than them. Additionally, many of them have a deep rooted belief that the latter can be achieved through meditation (McCullough et al. 214).

Thus most of them have a culture that wholly practices rituals that act to decrease the sense of the singular self and acts to unite the individual with the creator or with nature. This identifying religious orientation can also be found in other religions with identifying social orientations.

Sacramental orientations inculcate in the individual the correct and right path to salvation, which can only be achieved through the practice of stipulated rituals and ceremonies. The orientation is not only limited to Christian religions but it is prevalent in many other tribal religions as well (McCullough et al. 214).

Most of the tribal religions believe that one can influence the natural process by performing various rituals and ceremonies. The latter form a big part of the sacramental orientation but are wholly excluded in the prophetic orientation (McCullough et al. 212).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thirdly the prophetic orientation inculcates various values in the individual among them; contact with the divine and the supreme being that can only be achieved after the individual has had an upright and straight moral upbringing, while obeying the laid down moral codes (McCullough et al. 217).

This propagates the belief that humans could be more important than every other being including God, for instance a speaker or any other prophet that talks as directed by God. This includes ministries in various churches or public speakers who talk on God’s behalf.

In conclusion, most people are very familiar with the sacramental orientation. Notably, those who have had a Christian upbringing can easily comprehend why some rituals such as the last supper, the Ash Wednesday and the birth of the messiah are taken with seriousness and commemorated.

Additionally, the moral codes are overly emphasized in Christianity in comparison to other doctrines such as Catholicism.

The mystical orientation however is fascinating for most people and especially in Christianity, although a few believers of the religion tend to understand its moral concept. Many people read of the mystical orientations of other religions, including their own, not for internalizing but for fascination purposes.

Religion especially in the contemporary world has been “simplified” to some extent and few people follow the “old rules”; for instance the commandments of Moses in the bible. Thus for many people it is all about the greatest commandments; ‘love your God with all your heart, body, mind and soul’ and the second greatest – ‘love your neighbor as you love yourself’.

Work Cited McCullough, Michael. E., Hoyt William T., Larson, David B. and Koenig Harold G. “Religious involvement and mortality: A meta-analytic review.” Health Psychology, 19; 2000: 211–22. Print

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Gandhi’s contribution towards contemporary social issues Descriptive Essay

Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Muslims, Hindus and Christians worship the same God

Incorporation of non-violence when seeking for justice

Difference between the Hindu caste systems


Works Cited

During his lifetime, Mahatma Gandhi contributed to different social issues. This paper evaluates three main issues that Gandhi addressed. These include solving the difference about worshiping God, adoption of non-violence in revolution and discrimination amongst the Hindu caste system.

Muslims, Hindus and Christians worship the same God According to Gandhi, all people worship the same God despite their religious differences. Gandhi appreciates the existence of difference in the name of God amongst the Muslims, Hindus and Christians. However, he asserts that the various names used to refer to God are not a representative of His individuality but His attributes. As a result, Allah in Muslim, Ishvara in Hinduism and God amongst the Christians refer to the same spirit.

In his reference to God, man has made an effort to give God different attributes in an effort to illustrate His mighty. However, Gandhi is of the opinion that God is immeasurable and indescribable. He further advices people to live like brothers and sisters and respect all religions.

Additionally, no religion should be considered as being superior to another which means that no one is justified in trying to convert other people to his or her faith. In summary, Gandhi advices people to understand the fact that God is omnipresent and all-powerful and that He searches a person’s inner-being in order bless him or her.

Incorporation of non-violence when seeking for justice Gandhi played a critical role during India’s struggle against the British imperialism. In his leadership, Gandhi advocated for non-violence as a methodology of fighting against the British rule. According to Gandhi, non-violence is an effective mechanism in advocating for peace (Mayton 4).

In order for the concept of non-violence to be applicable, Gandhi is of the opinion that it is critical for individuals to appreciate the difference between an individual and his or her actions (Mayton 6).One should ‘hate sin and not the sinner’. All individuals should consider one another as being children of one creator. Additionally, truth, empathy and patience should guide one in seeking justice.

Difference between the Hindu caste systems The Hindu community is organized into two main social orders referred to as the caste system. The caste system has been in existence within the Hindu community for centuries. The caste system divides the society into two which social orders which includes the upper caste and the lower caste.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The upper caste is considered to be for the privileged people in the society while the lower caste is considered to be composed of the poor. People within the lower caste are considered to be condemned by those in the upper caste. Despite being born in the upper caste, Gandhi was very compassionate about people from the lower caste. This is due to the fact that the lower caste was extensively being discriminated.

During his lifetime, Gandhi had experienced different forms of discrimination. As a result, he appreciated the importance of fighting for the ‘untouchables’ in the society. He pressurized for a stop in discrimination within the society just because of difference in social status.

Summary The analysis has evaluated three main contemporary social issues that Gandhi advocated for. These include the fact that God is one despite the differences in religion amongst Muslims, Hindus and Christians. Gandhi also recommends people to adopt non-violence means when seeking justice. Additionally, Gandhi asserts that there should be no discrimination in the society on the basis of social status.

Works Cited Mayton, Daniel. Non-violence and peace psychology; intrapersonal, interpersonal, societal and world peace. Heldelberg, DE: Springer, 2009. Print.