The purpose of this literature review is to examine the research that has been done to address impact of racism on sorority and fraternity culture. There is a lot of current literature and many studies that examine how failure of sorority and fraternity organizations to combat racist practices leads to discrimination of students of color. There is also some current literature and studies that say how joining a fraternity and/or sorority does not significantly impact student’s development of intercultural competence throughout college. This paper will present many sides of this issue and examine all variables. The researchers in these studies have no known biases.
This study is necessary and logical because racism and oppression are harmful to college students on many campuses throughout the United States. Understanding why racism exists on college campuses is the first step to fixing the problem. Therefore, determining if fraternities and sororities perpetuate racism and oppression is a very important study.
Racism in Fraternities and Sororities
This topic is becoming more important than ever because the numbers of people who are from minority groups are attending college in greater numbers than ever before (Joyce, 2018). According to Joyce (2018), since 1976 the number of white students enrolled in college decreased from 84 to 58 percent. Despite these overall numbers, the primarily white fraternities have remained mainly white (Joyce, 2018).
Findings in a study by Zimmerman, Morgan,
Understanding Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in the Classroom
According to the National Institute of Mental Health (2013), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric developmental mental illness/disorders that affects the way people act and focus. Worldwide, the prevalence of ADHD among children is about 5%, which means that ADHD typically can be found in every 5 children out of 100 (Polanczyk, de Lima, Horta, Biederman,