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Quality Management of Aviation Companies

The system of an aviation company is based on what is considered quality. This means that there is a set of procedures that are adopted by certain airline companies in an effort to describe their operations. It is a requirement by law that all aviation companies come up with a set of procedures to ensure safety. These procedures are not only written from the preference of the management. The procedures comply with the regulations and reflect the specific ways in which the company intends on fulfilling every one of the regulations that are listed. This set of procedures is what the institution may refer to as the operations manual. This is not what the company is limited to however. The manuals are what make up the basis of the organisation and are meant to detail all the aspects of the organisation. They do not, however, most of the time, stand by themselves (Liao et el., 2016). The manuals may reference other manuals in order to stand completely independent of other regulatory limits. The procedures that are always listed comply fully with the aviation regulations as they are updated and choosing only those that are applicable and relevant altogether without compromise. For the airline to be effective in terms of performance and competitiveness, it requires a set of organised compliance and maintenance rules that allow the competitive nature of the organisation to be brought out (Taggart, 2017). This, however, only focuses on selfless considerations meant to ensure a bigger picture for the airline and all the associates within the plan and organisation.

Airline Flight Operations
The airline flight operations department falls under the aviation safety operations division. There are several compliance and maintenance issues to be considered within this sector. There are aircraft categories that form the main segments for this department, with each and every segment having a number of specialists that function on behalf of the operations in their various diverse duties. The priority in this case when it comes to all operations and the activities relative is safety. Safety is of the most importance in the flight operations sector. The members of each team selected for the operation system play a very vital role in ensuring that all regulations and safety processes are conducted and overseen within the industry. The aspects of most flight operations fall under the functions of each team member.
There are audits relative to the aircraft operation certificate that are specifically meant to be conducted by the trained mechanics within the system (Pantakar

Forecasting Global Demand Trends for Aviation

Forecasting aviation demand is an important factor in being able to make recommendations on the capacity and connectivity that the UK needs to maintain its status as a leading global aviation hub. Without such forecasting assessments for the future aviation demand it is hard to reach an understanding of what is needed for example additional runway or airport capacity to accommodate growing numbers of air passengers (Airports commission 2013). General Aviation demand forecasting plays a highly important role in aviation and planning. For example, the forecasting in general aviation is one factor used by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to create benefit-cost analyses associated with airport development (GRA,2011) and decide the allocation of construction/improvement grants among airports (Ghobrial 1997). Market share forecasting in Aviation can be defined in many ways, one broad definition is; market share forecasting is a simple top down approach to forecasting where current activity at an airport is calculated as a share of some other more aggregate external measure for which a forecast has already been produced. Then an assumption is made about the airports projected share of activity in the future. There are four major forecasting methods; market share, econometric, time series and simulation modelling (Airport Aviation Activity Forecasting (2007).
When forecasting aviation demand there are key internal and external factors that need to be considered such as; competitors, prices, weather, new emerging destinations, economic situations, political situations, time of year (seasonal), trends/popularity, technological and GNP. When forecasting demand for a period many companies will use research tools such as IATA reports which are from the International Air Transport Association. For example, according to (IATA: State of the industry and global economic outlook), India will displace the UK for the third place in 2025. The international air transport association (IATA) forecasts global industry net profit to rise to $38.4 billion in 2018, an improvement from the $34.5 billion expected net profit in 2017. This would then form one of many key reports and research to help a forecaster determine demand. One of the first considerations in beginning to try forecast demand is understanding the importance of different demand factors and how they have influenced demand in the past and how they could continue to do so in the future. These are necessary to understand the factors affecting demand to understand the market and to forecast traffic better. Were capacity not to be provided in line with demand there would be a number of consequences, for example constraining demand would increase the cost therefore leaving a disadvantage against competitors.
According to FAA documents (FAA Aerospace Forecast: Fiscal year 2015-2035. Washington D.C. March 2015) and interviews with FAA officials, the TAF forecasting for their future audition demand at specific airports is based upon and calculated by using several types of forecasted and historical data. Such as; aviation activity, socioeconomic factors (income, populations), the cost of flying and operational metrics seats per aircrafts, load factors etc). Developing this further, one important factor that has previously influenced demand and could continue to do so in the future is the cost. The cost of travel is essentially the price paid by the customer to buy an air ticket. As air travel becomes cheaper a larger number of people can afford it therefore resulting in a bigger increase of air traffic with IATA forecasting a predicting a rise in passenger numbers for 2018 to 4.3 billion (6.0% on the 4.1 billion passengers in 2017). In the last few years, the price of unit per trip has been on the downtrend due to improvements in airline efficiency and increased competition with IATA stating in its Strong Airline Profitability press release that Passenger traffic (revenue passenger kilometres or RPKs) is expected to rise 6.0% (slightly down on the 7.5% growth of 2017 but still ahead of the average of the past 10-20 years of 5.5%), which will exceed a capacity expansion (available seat kilometres or ASKs) of 5.7%. CAPA has also stated that in its Aviation outlook for the end of 2017 to 2018 that 2017 has arguably been the sweetest spot for combined airline profitability and traffic growth ever experienced. Basking in globally synchronised, if modest, economic growth, with historically low fuel prices and interest rates, airlines have lowered fares, in the process adding extra stimulus to passenger traffic growth. Thus, reiterating the importance of costing for airline growth and forecasting for future demand as forecasters look at previous demand trends in aviation.
As aviation is within a dynamic and turbulent industry, therefore forecasting aviation traffic within a changing environment using these specific key factors is how companies get the most accurate forecasts. One demand factor is the changing environment around aviation. The market environment around aviation includes things such as the economy, laws, technology, demographics, rivals and buyers. Air transport drives and is driven by processes of globalisation, international trade, cultural

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