The rest of the reading is devoted to the historical study of art, bringing students to better comprehending of art in the context of time and place. In order to conceive the main principles and importance of art, the book provides a range of images illustrating different historic and cultural periods. Analyzing all these elements in general can help learners to better understand visual arts embodying human experience and realize that living in the world of art means living with yourself.
Main Ideas Presented in the Book The book discusses the art as the main instrument for assessing history, culture, and other significant terrains of human life. Beginning with mere definition of the essence of art and ending with historical and cultural analysis of visual artistic items, the authors makes an effective introduction to different artistic elements, purposes, and styles (Getlein 38). The author provides the analysis of art from several perspectives: purposes and themes of art, the meaning of art, and individual approach and techniques used in part.
What is more important, the author presents art from the historic viewpoint disclosing its value in term of representing historic facts and events. While introducing various themes of art, the author dedicates one-page discussion of a particular art item, and short essays on such topics as public art and restoration. Finally, using different small photos as visual references to particular works and topics, the author strives to initiate the reader into the historic evaluation and discussion of the past.
Discussing the Main Strengths of the Book The presented reading is quite informative and compelling, as it exhaustively discloses the main tools and elements of visual arts and their role in maintaining cultural and historical heritage of humanity. Throughout the chapters, the author attempts to draw the link between textual information and attached illustrations contributing to better understanding of those visual elements.
It should also be noted that author pays specific attention to the analysis of different types of art with regard to its role in political, social, and cultural life of people. Beginning with general introduction of art goals and missions, proceeding to the main artistic tendencies and styles, and ending with large-scale references to religion, history, and culture, the author skillfully emphasize the global aesthetic impart of art on all spheres of life.
A special consideration deserves the presentation of images, illustrations, and photos in the reading. Particularly, the author makes a skillful combination of images and references providing better comprehension of particular ideas, topics, and artistic terms.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Discussing the Main Weaknesses of the Book Although the book provide a lot of useful information about art and main artistic principles applied in art, the structure of the books seems to be incomplete. For instance, it is difficult to feel the integrity of the entire text, as the two parts of the books provide completely different perspectives.
In addition, extraordinary consideration of details somehow diverts attention from the main idea of the books. One way of another, the artistic presentation of the books and author’s aspiration to disclose the aesthetic influence on human experience is still worth regarding.
Analyzing the Implications for Studying the Main Principles of Art This comprehensive art tutorial can be easily introduced to the process of study because the book does not only represent the art in different context, but the book itself embodies the main artistic elements. Careful planning and allocation of illustrations makes the books convenient for readers to apply to the readings. Using several approaches and perspectives of visual art representation can considerably contribute to readers’ understanding of the major tendencies in art media and chronological history schemes.
Taking everything into consideration, the book is of great use for readers who want to conceive the main instruments of visual art and the way it contributes to disclosing the most significant fields of human life. Aside from theoretical frameworks presented, all concepts and principles are integrated into successful examples of visual art.
Conclusion In general the book presents a multidimensional approach to considering the role of visual art in human life. In particular, presenting a great number of examples, the author skillfully integrates theoretical and factual information, disclosing the essence of illustrations and their historical and cultural origin.
Structuring the book into several parts, the author strives to present various perspectives of art and how they are connected with social, cultural, and political life. Using various techniques and approaches, the books provides an impression of elegance, quality, just as the book on art ought to provide. In general, the book serves as a great contribution to better understanding of the main principles and elements of art.
Works Cited Getlein, Mark. Living with Art. McGraw-Hill Humanities, 2005. Print.
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Bhopal Gas Leak Essay
Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Introduction
Cause of the Disaster
Effects on the Environment
Introduction The Bhopal Gas Leak is the worst environmental disaster in our history. This disaster occurred on December 12, 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL), a pesticide-manufacturing factory in Bhopal, India, and was caused by a leak of methyl isocyanate gas (MIC) and other lethal gases from the plant (Rosenberg, 2011). The gas cloud emanating from this leak contained nearly 15 metric tons of MIC and spread over the vast and densely populated Bhopal city.
The gas leak killed at least 4,000 people immediately and caused health complications for at least 50,000 inhabitants with some agencies reporting a figure of 500,000. These health complications have resulted in the death of more than 15,000 people over the last two decades while a large number (estimated at 100,000) still suffers from the effects of the gas leak, with ten people dying every year (Broughton, 2005).
Chemicals released during the leakage were deposited in the area around the plant and have continued to seep into the groundwater. Other sources of pollution include leaks from isolation material and residues as the containers used for storing them are slowly wearing out.
Tests carried out by UCIL in 1989 showed that soil and water in the Bhopal neighborhood were poisonous to fish and other aquatic life. In 1994, studies indicated that 21% of the UCIL premises were highly contaminated with toxic chemicals. Apart from humans, animals were also affected by the MIC leak: at least 2,000 animals, both wild and domesticated, were found dead.
Cause of the Disaster The gas leak is said to have begun when water entered a tank that contained 42 tons of MIC, an ingredient in the production of pesticide. This contact led to an exothermic reaction that elevated temperatures inside the tank to more than 200 0C, leading to a corresponding elevation in pressure. This caused the tank to vent, releasing poisonous gases into the atmosphere, the spread of the leaked gas was hastened by the northwesterly winds blowing over Bhopal (Rosenberg, 2011).
The explanation as to how water entered the MIC tank has varied depending on the investigating agency. Union Carbide, the major shareholder in the firm, stated that such a large amount of water could only enter the tank through sabotage by an employee.
Somebody intentionally put water inside the tank leading to a reaction and eventually a gas leak. However, the Indian government accused Union Carbide of not taking adequate security measures to avert or control a disaster. For example, the company should have installed six safety systems that would either prevent or contain the disaster, none of them worked correctly that night.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Besides, the company switched off safety controls to reduce their expenses- including the MIC tank cooler that would have lessened the severity of the gas leak. The number of casualties was high due to the dense population in the Bhopal area, said to be more 900,000 and a warning siren that was started was immediately put off allegedly to prevent panic.
Most of the Bhopal residents were asleep when trouble began at the pesticide plant and many only woke up because they heard their children coughing from the fumes. As the residents woke up, they felt a burning sensation at the throat while some chocked from the smoke. People ran in all directions, unsure of which way to go, amidst the confusion, families became separated and many people fell unconscious and were trampled upon (Rosenberg, 2011).
Effects on the Environment Even before the gas leak, the area surrounding the plant was used for depositing toxic chemicals and this led to the abandoning of wells in the vicinity of the plant in 1982. During the leak, nearly 27 tons of MIC gas escaped into the air and spread over the heavily populated city of Bhopal, spreading over a 30 square mile area.
The plant was closed between 1985 and 1986, during which most of the pipes and drums were sold off, however, the MIC and pesticide tanks are still in the site, as well as several tanks used to store various residues (Broughton, 2005). These tanks have worn out and the isolated material is falling out and is being dispersed into the surrounding water systems.
The isolated material contains several heavy and/or toxic elements that include naphthol, nickel, lead, mercury, and other hydrocarbon compounds such as hexachlorobenzene, most of which can cause nervous system breakdown, liver and kidney infections and perhaps cancer in the coming years. In fact, several studies have indicated that the water and soil in the area are highly polluted (Broughton, 2005).
Today, the location and its environs are still polluted with thousands of tons poisonous material, these have found their way into water systems that are used by the local population.
A recent visit by the BBC revealed that some wells in the area even contain nearly 500 times the recommended limit of these pollutants, however, the locals continue to use this water as they have no other choice (Vickers, 2004). The population around the UCIL plant still suffers from various diseases not common among persons living in other areas (Morehouse