Patterns of globalization
Global cities and competitive advantage of Nations
Taiwan and non-polarity
Economy of Taiwan
Taiwan’s geopolitics of energy
Taiwan’s political system According to Chen (np), Taiwan has developed by using mercantilism which proposes the economy is inferior to politics. Economics is looked at as a way of escalating state power therefore national interest takes priority over the market place. Wealth and power are corresponding contending objectives and economic dependence on other states should be completely evaded.
Mercantilism believes that economic action is and should be subsidiary to the major goal which is to build a strong state. Economics is a political tool whereby ones state’s loss is another state’s gain. Recent mercantilist way of thinking has led to the successful development of East Asia states not excluding Taiwan.
Patterns of globalization Arguably, Taiwan has adopted a transformationist pattern of globalization. From the 1970’s Taiwan in its efforts to escape from the colonial divisions of labor and forge economic development, it majorly emulated Japan. It adopted an export-oriented industrializing approach, carving out markets for itself in the world economy. Furthermore, Taiwan’s nation state has been evolving, especially political democratization, with the state been a catalyzer.
The winners and losers in Taiwan can be represented through the NIE perspective.
Taiwan contends that globalization is the vital driving force following main economic, cultural, social political changes in the population of the world today. The new world order “architecture” is advancing looking at the general outcome of directly intertwined activities leading to change in various fields for example, technology, governance, communication just to mention but a few (Castles 24).
Global cities and competitive advantage of Nations According to Kwok (163), Taipei, the capital city and the largest city in Taiwan has become one of the global cities through the production of high technology and its components. In reference to China Economic News Service, Taiwan is now one of the creditors of economy, which holds one of the world’s largest foreign exchange reserves.
The GDP per capita in Taipei is US$48,400 making it the second highest in Asia following Tokyo and 13th among world cities.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Taipei holds the industrial area of Taiwan, which holds both secondary and tertiary sectors. This shows that not only is Taiwan a developed nation but its capital city is one of the global cities in the world today showing that Taiwan is not only developed as country but also its cities are developed as well (Castles (24).
Taiwan products can not enjoy monopoly rent although they have a huge market share this is because competition ion Taiwan itself is quite stiff and the fact that there are other cheaper goods flooding the markets from foreign countries makes the situation worse.
Most Taiwan industries belong to individual families and efficiently thoroughly supervised, hence there is no motivation as both the owner and manager are like minded and their thoughts and goals are the same. This most certainly why, Taiwan firms and industries have been enabled to act in response and fine tune fast to the ever changing competitive advantage (Fitzgerald 104).
Taiwan and non-polarity According to Chen, Taiwan’s liberal foreign policy is an effort by the country to fine tune itself to the age of non-polarity. Taiwan’s cessation from China and its overdependence on the United States of America had a huge negative impact on it. This largely affected its GDP dropping form 5.7% in 1999 to -2.17%in 2001; with the help of the United States of America crisis in 2007 Taiwan’s GDP was at 4.13%. Taiwan needs to make sociable relations with other countries so as it can continue to grow economically. At the moment, Taiwan is pushing for “bilateral free trade agreements (FTA) with particular nations that make up the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations).
Economy of Taiwan The relations between the state and the corporations in the country can be described as collective capitalism, which was first developed in Japan after the Second World War.
Looking at the Taiwanese economy, real process of the capitalist socialization of production is evident though in an unclear means because it does not take into consideration the seminal reality that the rights to the means of production are privatized are held by the capitalist companies, unlike in market-oriented capitalism where it belongs to individual capitalists. The economy embraces free competition and monopolistic private enterprise. There is collective labor of many employees in large companies and the correlation of various stages and sector of production.
The Taiwanese economy is driven by “relational markets,” which put much emphasis on the cooperative long-term engagements. For instance, in the intertwined share rights, where majority of the organizations hold rights in other firms; as seen this has resulted in a lot of collaboration between the concerned firms, since each is concerned of the other’s activities.
We will write a custom Essay on Politics of Globalization in Taiwan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Taiwan’s geopolitics of energy The country has considerable natural resource, for instance coal, petroleum and natural gas deposits. Taiwan’s energy generation is approximately 55 percent coal-based, 18 percent nuclear power, 17 percent natural gas, 5 percent oil, and 5 percent from renewable energy resources.
However, due of the extensive exploitation all through from Taiwan’s pre-modern to its modern time, its natural resources have been almost depleted. “Nearly all oil and gas for transportation and power needs must be imported, making Taiwan particularly sensitive to fluctuations in energy prices” (Munck 45).
Due to this, Taiwanese Executive Yuan intends to increase power generated from renewable sources to 10 percent by 2010, doubling it from the current 5 percent. Through encouraging renewable energy, “Taiwanese hope to also aid the nascent renewable energy manufacturing industry, and develop it into an export market.
Taiwan is rich in wind energy resources, with Wind farms both onshore and offshore, though limited land area favors offshore wind resources. Solar energy is also a potential resource to some extent” (Munck 47). This energy situation in Taiwan has attracted American and German corporations, which have constructed numerous wind farms.
Furthermore, much of its forest resources, were greatly exploited during Japan’s regime rule for the building of temples, though efforts have been made to recover then. Nowadays, forests do not contribute significantly to timber production largely due to production and environmental concerns. Many industries have been subsequently shut down due to depletion of the scarce natural resources and also due to the down fall of international market demands.
Taiwan’s domestic politics believe that outsourcing is a key pillar towards its financial recovery and to take advantage of its strategic positioning in global production.
It has continuously supported outsourcing though incentives, such as taxation, and marketing its outsourcing industry. Notably, the country has been able to solve the puzzle of economic development considering its emerging economy and its global standing.
Works Cited Castles, Stephen. “Development, Social transformation and globalization.” Centre for Asia Pacific Social Transformation Studies workshop 23-25 June 1999. 1999. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Politics of Globalization in Taiwan by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Chen, Jin. “Taiwan Pursuing Free Trade Pacts with ASEAN states.” Taiwan News. 14 Oct 2008. Web.
Fitzgerald, Scott. The competitive Advantages of Far Eastern Business. New York: Routledge, 1994. Print.
Kwok, Yin-Wang. Globalizing Taipei: the political economy of spatial development. New York: Routledge, 2005. Print.
Munck, Ronaldo. Globalization and social exclusion: a transformationalist perspective. Bloomfield CT: Kumarian Press, 2005. Print.
Possible Causes and Solutions to Global Warming Analytical Essay
Nursing Assignment Help Introduction Global warming is a climate change issue that has captured global attention, thus the worldwide debates by individuals, political leaders, business-related firms and international organizations especially the environmental activists.
It is arguably the leading concern compared to other environmental issues. Researchers concerns are connecting different but conflicting views, which make it difficult, understand the global warming issue, particularly the possible causes and solutions to the matter.
Thesis Statement This essay presents a critical analysis concerning the challenges of global warming. It provides an investigation of possible causes of the occurrence and particularly forms a critical view of the effects of population growth to global warming.
Is future population growth a major and potential consequence to the issue? The essay also forms a substantive argument in relation to researched solutions over the issue of global warming.
Some of the analyzed solutions include population growth, the possibility of reducing the emission rates through reduction of consumption rate, enhanced campaigns to inform people on the need for commitments to controlled population growth rate, and reduced pollution rates. The first part of the easy will form a general investigation of the possible causes and solutions to the problem thus elucidate facts from confusions and discussions that are not sustentative.
Challenges Various human activities such as excessive production of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide are the root causes of global warming. The gases form part of the atmosphere and traps heat that would normally escape to the outer space. Natural occurring greenhouse gases assist in maintaining global warmth to adequate amounts that are able to support life.
Increase of greenhouse gases causes alteration of weather patterns and thus influences duration of seasons, leads to existence of severe storms such as El Nino and coastal-related floods. Use of fossil fuels also causes excessive production of carbon gases. Another significant source of global warming is the human act of deforestation. When the environment has few trees, there is production of more carbon dioxide than it is used.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Concerning the discussions concerning the effects of global warming researcher, scientists and activists often fail to incorporate the issues of population growth. According to Weiss (p.A-8), scientist have qualitative analysis concerning measures of reducing global warming effects such as floods, droughts or other climate catastrophes.
This is achievable through reduction of enormous carbon gas emissions. However, he raises a main concern over neglect of the issue of global growth rate (p.A-8). There is need to undertake an examination on effects of slowed population increase on global warming.
How the Global Population Growth Causes Severe Environmental Crisis As commonly known, the ‘green groups’ seem to lack considerable discussions concerning the issue of human population increase. Nevertheless, various suggestions as indicated by Lyon and Barnston (p.18), shows that, a collective demand on population growth reduction would be the biggest way to confront the issues and gain higher environmental development.
In accordance with Weiss’s article (p.A-8), if people would be in a position to put into practice a growth rate control and have a less than one billion population change by mid-century as opposed to the expected two billion, then this would translate to approximately 29% emission reduction. Current scientific research predicts that 29% emission reduction rate is the requirements by 2050.
Developed Vs. Developing Countries Is there a difference between the impacts of growth rate in third world countries against the developed countries like United States? The emission rates are higher in developed countries due to higher consumptions and consequently there is obvious excessive waste production. There are remarks from developed countries that place blame on poor agricultural practices such as horticulture in developing countries.
The U.S. has greatest influence due to the amount of emission in comparison to other countries. “An average U.S. resident emits four times as much carbon dioxide as a resident in China and twenty…times more than… an African” (Weiss, p.A-8). However, In relation to Weiss’s article (p.A-8), the population size is not the only major concern. People must change how and where they live.
According to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) (p.1), current population of people, sharing finite resources such as water and food is 6.6 billion, with an expected growth to nine billion by 2050. These environmentalists show that most, if not all environmental problems are due to worsened population growth rates.
We will write a custom Essay on Possible Causes and Solutions to Global Warming specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Leaders on the other hand fail to either note this factor, or ignore it due to the heated debate it may turn out. 194 nations met to discuss the environmental agreements and establish an accord at the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference in December 7 to18, 2009 (Athanasiou, 1).
Each country agreed to set emission targets for 2020. According to Athanasiou of ‘The Cornell Daily Sun’ (1), United States submitted its goals to United Nations on January 28, 2010 when President Barack Obama’s commitment indicated a cut of green house emissions by four percent. These human induced emissions affect evaporation and consequently precipitation.
In relation to scientific results, unless all the other global countries follow the same style, then there is an urgent need to consider other fact such as the reduction of human population growth as a major way to reduction of resources reduction as well as excessive emission of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere (Lyon and Barnston, p.18).
Other Related Problems Brought About By the Adverse Population Growth The adverse population growth is the main cause of increased emission of greenhouse gases as well as deforestation that lead to loss of the wildlife and thousands of plant spices. Adverse growth is also responsible of the current land developments or commercialization of more than half the earth’s land surface.
The population growth rate is a simple indication that in a couple of decades, scarcity of water due to high consumption demands will have distressing effects to more than half of the world’s population. The ecosystem imbalance is due to lack of proper measures to address top environmental issues such as population growth (Lyon and Barnston, p.18).
Status of Population Growth Rates and Possible Solutions The developing countries lack proper family planning campaigns or mechanisms to enhance control over population expansion rates. They either lack access to control methods or suffer from traditional-related practices.
The leaders fail to tackle the issue straight on, since people are not enlightened and thus stick to cultural practices and traditional religious believes (Weiss, p.A-8). This is one of the main sources of the rapid population increase in such countries for instance, those across the Middle East, Asia and Africa. They lack access to clean water, food and adequate shelter.
Contrary in the developed countries such as the United States or Germany, the population rate is currently diminishing or levelling, but the consumption rates are high and thus a great drain of the available resources. For instance, Americans are only four per cent of the global population but consume approximately 25% of the international resources.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Possible Causes and Solutions to Global Warming by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Developed countries are highly industrialized and are thus heavy contributors to climate and ozone depletion, compared to developing nations. The issue of immigration to developed countries is a contributor to population increase in developed countries. When the residents migrate, they also emulate the heavy-consumption and emission lifestyles. According to Weiss (p.A-8), an estimate by the U.S. Census Bureau indicates a population increment of 129 million-growth expectation by 2050, mostly resulting from immigration.
Policies that can assist to Control Global Population Growth The current relationship between the environmental problems especially global warming and population increase requires urgent redressing. Most people wish for changes on the consumption as well as emission levels in developed countries, while there is need for reduction of population growth rate in developing countries.
Environmentalist and human right activists consider support for family planning as the most efficient way of controlling escalating human population to relieve environmental pressures as opposed to endorsement of legal clauses in support of abortion.
Conclusion Main cause of global warming include human-related activities that cause excessive emissions of greenhouse gases, the use of fossil fuels and deforestation in the aim of attaining better development levels. One of the main concerns on the issue of global warming is ignorance by government, individuals and activists over effects of high population growth rates. Some of the common effects of global warming include distorted weather patterns, climate related catastrophes such as coastal hurricanes, floods and droughts.
The most important strategy is to project future effects of global warming from present. Current effect of global warming impact on most human aspects, spanning from human health issues to biodiversity. Immediate action may diminish the possibility of worse projected effects of global warming.
Reducing and eventually overcoming the effects of global warming requires a combination of factors such as personal commitment or implementation of viable policies by governments. Individuals have the greatest influence over factors affecting the environment such as global warming. Most important solutions to the issue include reduction of carbon gases emissions especially in developed countries, deduction of the global growth rates and control of carbon emissions.
Works Cited Athanasiou, Katerina. Copenhagen: Sustainable of Superficial? The Cornell Daily Sun. 2010. Web.