During the late nineteenth century, His writing genius made him to become one of the most successful writers in London and in other places. Currently, Wilde’s reputation rests on his unparalleled genius for witty conversations, epigrams, dramatic and literary merit of his works, which have made him to be popular. Oscar Wilde’s works had a profound effect on the history of the United States.
Always, Wilde recognized himself as a member of the Aesthetic Movement of the late nineteenth century. Therefore, Wilde endeavored to put more emphasis on aesthetic values over moral or social norms in his lifestyle and in his literary works. His life was greatly influenced by magnificence.
And in contrast to the normal Victorian styles and mores that existed during the 1880s and 1890s, he wore ostentatious clothes that made him stand out from everyone else. In most cases, his works were a subject of open misrepresentation and the objective of much moral fury. This took place both in Europe and in America. His various publications, for example, Dorian Gray, which had some homoerotic ideas, were also heavily criticized. Nonetheless, as pointed out earlier, he was one of the ‘decadents’ of the late nineteenth century.
Therefore, he fought for the embracement of certain ideologies, such as pacificism, social reform, and libertarianism way of life. Even though most people spoke ill of him, he was making himself to be heard with his unique style and smartness. This made him to enjoy much success with most of his writings that brought him much popularity.
He acclaimed and gained acquaintance with several high-ranking personalities of his time, “including fellow playwright George Bernard Shaw, American poets Walt Whitman and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and English author and social critic John Ruskin” (Merriman 2008, para. 2). In America, his publications motivated other writers to write on the same subjects. In addition, some of his works were modified to the stage and were produced as films in several occasions.
Consequently, because of the influence of his works, Wilde was invited in December 1881 to give a series of lectures in America on aesthetics. Even though the lectures were scheduled to last for only four months, he gave them for nearly a year, with over one hundred and forty lectures delivered in a period of two hundred and sixty days.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More During the period, he strove to give the American people the most amiable English aesthete and this had a profound effect on the history of the U.S. (Ellmann 1987, 186-188). As a result, his teachings influenced some Americans who started to embrace aestheticism. During the tour, Wilde also met some influential American authors such as Walt Whitman and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow who had endorsed his teachings.
Again, because of the commercial success that his previous visit had brought, Wilde went back to the United States in 1882. During this second lecture tour, he spoke about the “Cult of the Artificial.” This notion out rightly snubbed the social conception of the natural for reasons given in the earlier sections of the paper.
Criss-crossing America on a grueling schedule, Wilde fully played the role of the aesthete while he was there and “he dressed the dandy to a tee and was heard by an astonished America when, queried by Customs he said: “I have nothing to declare… except my genius” (Terpening 2007, para. 16).
His lectures aimed at putting together the splendor he saw in art onto the everyday lifestyle of people. He strove to realize these both practically and philosophically. For example, while he was a student at Oxford, he had adorned his dresses with blue china and lilies. Therefore, one of his talks during the tour was based on interior design. Although Wilde’s lectures affected the behavior of men and women in America, a number of people cruelly caricatured his views.
For example, during his tour to Boston to give a talk on aestheticism, the Republican (Springfield) newspaper wrote derogatory comments about him. However, despite the hostile media reception he received, he got a cordial reception in many parts of the United States and this assisted in facilitating the influence of his teachings.
During his life, Wilde wrote various popular and long-lived publications that greatly influenced the American society. The publications he authored made him to be recognized all over the country. More so, he was recognized as a “Professor of Aesthetics.”
For example in 1888, he wrote the novel The Happy Prince and Other Tales, which he dedicated to his two children he got in his marriage with Constance Lloyd. Two years later, he published The Picture of Dorian Gray. After these, he continued to publish other fairy tales. In the early 1890s, he authored a number of popular plays that further assisted in facilitating his views in Europe and America.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Oscar Wilde Biography specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892) tackled the issue of divorce in marriage, A Woman of No Importance (1893) dealt with the issue of divided allegiance among the children in the family, An Ideal Husband (1895) addressed the issue of corruption, and The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) addressed the significance of manners in the society.
Prior to writing the popular plays, Wilde had authored numerous essays and he concealed his real identity in most of them. In one of his works, ‘The Critic as Artist’ (1890), he argues that criticism is the better component of creation and that it is not a must for the critic to have a fair standing or to be rational in his or her reasoning.
In a deeply conventional essay, The Soul of a Man Under Socialism (1891), he assumes a more positive perception of the road to embracing socialism and he opposes the Christian principle of self-sacrifice in favor of joyfulness. Wilde’s fairy tales, plays, and essays all had one purpose: to influence the behavior of his audience for them to accept his decadent views. And in the U.S., this was not an exception.
In conclusion, until his premature death on 30 November 1900, the numerous literary works that Oscar Wilde published greatly influenced the history of Europe and America. As a member of the Aesthetic Movement of the late nineteenth century, he advocated for sensitivity to artistic beauty and refined taste in his lectures and literary works. Although he was criticized for his devotion to and quest for the beautiful, his highly influential lifestyle appreciated art and beauty as the main objective of human life.
Reference List Ellmann, Richard. 1987. Oscar Wilde. New York: Vintage Books.
Merriman, Charles. “Oscar Wilde.” Jalic Inc., May 2008, http://www.online-literature.com/wilde/ .
Terpening, William. “The Picture of Oscar Wilde: A Brief Life.” VictorianWeb, June 8, 2007, http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/wilde/wildebio.html .
Photographer – Robert Frank Essay
Nursing Assignment Help Robert Frank was a renowned photographer in the United States and he was born in Zurich, Switzerland on 9th of November 1924. He begun his career in photography as an apprentice where he learned his skills by observing the works of legendary photographers.
Robert has in- depth knowledge in photography because he was very aggressive from the beginning of his career. In fact he visited many cities within U.S. and managed to take multiple photos but then he found himself behind the bars because some people thought he was spying on them.
It is certain that he had a passion for his career and that’s why he visited many countries just for the love of photography. He was very intelligent because he took his photos without attracting attention and when he did he was smart enough to cover his intentions. In photography one needs to be cautious because in some instances photographers can be prosecuted for taking photos of sensitive places such as army barracks, and to be sincere Robert was put behind bars because he was thought to be a spy.
A look at some of his images indicate that during those days photos were without color because most of his initial images are in black and white but the element of lighting and shadowing is excellent. This shows that he knew how to position himself to enhance the contrast in his photos.
By then automatic cameras had not been invented hence he relied on the sun to provide lighting. If the same photos were to be taken today they would be much better because technology has made things to be easy, hence editing of photos is less tiring because it is done using computers.
Robert cropped his photos accurately without loosing the intended message of the photo. Perhaps people who don’t know the history of U.S. should take a look at the works of Robert and realize that every city has its own history because one will notice that some of the objects captured in his photos are not present today. The photos imply that Americans are very conscious people because of the fashion displayed in these photos.
Robert seemed to have the right connections which provided a platform to display his photos during exhibitions and he may have exchanged ideas with fellow photographers hence beginners should consult photographers who have made it in this field. Every job has its challenges and so is photography as evidenced by Robert.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A photographer should then be alert while taking photos because he could be met with a lot of hostility and I think that’s why presidents all over the world have their designated photographers because studies have shown that photography can be abused.
Robert employed minimal light in his photos which made them stand out from the rest. May be he was capitalizing on the element of lighting to create a light tone in his images. Most of his images have unique focus which displays his attention to detail.
This element is evidenced by Rodeo (see appendix) which was taken in 1954 in New York city because one can not identify the face of the guy who is leaning on the dustbin but since Robert’s photos were not edited there is a lot of reality in this photo because it gives the exact image that one expects according to the focus of the camera.
If the photo was taken from another position, say the focus was on the left hand side, the man’s face would be recognizable. But then, it seems Robert took this photo without the knowledge of his subject and he must have been on the same level with his subject. Rodeo seems to have been cropped on the left hand side to erase the protruding shadow at the bottom of the left hand side edge. He did not crop the right hand side that much because it seems he wanted to emphasize on the debris on the streets of New York.
Photos that are not colored reveal a lot of other images that cannot be identified in colored photos. The disadvantage of such photos is that the viewer cannot distinguish colors because all colors are either black or white. If a digital or automatic camera had been used the light in this image would unveil the face of this man. The background of this image blends the colors of other objects in the image such as the adjacent buildings because they look like they have a uniform color.
Robert seemed to have taken this photo at a close range because the length of the image implies so. The emphasis of this image is on the young guy and the untidy streets. This photo can change one’s attitude about New York since most people think it is very clean because of its fame. The impression created by this photo illustrate that the background of a photo is very important and that’s why most people look at their surrounding when they are posing for a photo.
This photo has changed my perception on photography. Rodeo does not have desirable elements of a photo because the image suggests that the photo is a reality due to the subject not being induced to pose and sincerely this image indicate that pictures that are taken without informing the subject have much clarity because when most people are posing for a photo they usually smile and look directly at the lens of the camera. To prove my point I recently took a photo without looking at the camera directly.
We will write a custom Essay on Photographer – Robert Frank specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If one wishes to add contrast he/she opt to use an automatic camera because it can sense where there is inadequate lighting and thus turn the flash light on as opposed to manual cameras that cannot detect darkness. When one is about take a photo he should relax and stand still to make sure the image is not distorted.
Appendix Rodeo, New York City, 1955 by Robert Frank.
Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. (2000|). “Robert Frank: Rodeo, New York City (1992.5162.3)”. Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York. Retrieved from https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1992.5162.3/