The purpose of this study was to find out that leisure time activities have decreased among overseas students after coming to Australia and explored the hypothesis that leisure time activities has decreased among overseas students as compare to their home country. A survey was conducted on 50 students. Participants were selected randomly from the same course and a standard questionnaire was given to the participants. The questionnaires consist of 14 close ended questions. The results showed that overseas students engaged in leisure time activities on weekend in Australia. Where as in the home country they engaged in both. In addition to this, in Australia participants spend their most of time by doing outdoor activities and talking with friends. The result suggests that respondents do not have enough time to do their leisure time activities in Australia as compared to their home country. Universities should provide some activities to student on campus so that they can enjoy leisure activities in college in their spare time.
Leisure time is universal, something that every human being needs. It constitutes a period of free time that may be spent in any manner one chooses. Leisure time activities play a significant role in the daily life of students who have the heavy burden of study. By doing different types of leisure activities, like playing, reading, surfing the internet students achieve a feeling of well being and also gain more knowledge as well as having change in their life. For overseas students leisure time activities help them reduce stress and improve the relationships.
Most people agree that leisure time activities hold an important role in student life.ABS (June 2011) showed that in 2011, more than 64% of Australian students aged 15 years and over are more interested in sport activity as it increase physical recreation and social interaction Moreover, Grahme and poyrazli (2007) researcher suggest that financial problems are experienced by majority of international student when they live in other country. In addition to this Barratt and Huba (1994) analysed that international students attempts to make friends and solve problem and improve communication.
A lot of research has been conducted on leisure time activity. However, there are serious weaknesses in their results. Previous researcher ABS (2011) and Grahme and poyrazli (2007) have shown problem with Australian and international students they have not compared the what problem or activities has changed among students after they go to study overseas. In addition to this, overseas students face many problems like, language, eduction, and home sickness when they study in other countries. Moreover there was not a fixed aged group or sample for research to prove their hypothesis.
The purpose of this study was to find why leisure activities have decreased among international students after coming to Australia and the hypothesis was the leisure time activities decrease among overseas student in Australia as compared to their home country.
On Thursday 1st May 2014, a survey was conducted on 50 students. Who were enrolled in EAP 5 Academic English course at UWS College, Westmead campus. The survey took the form of questionnaire. This was devised and piloted in class with other students. Necessary questions were modified to produce the final version.
The questionnaire consisted of 14 close ended questions. The first three were demographic questions where the respondent had to state gender, age and nationality. Whereas the rest of questions were related to time, place and different types of leisure time activities. The participants represented four different nationalities mostly from India. Male and female was participated but the majority were female.
All ten EAP 5 classes went to the IELTS centre. Where seats were allocated according to class. Students started distributing their questionnaires EAP5H administrated their questionnaire to classes E, F, G and I and returned to their seats. The whole process lasted 1 hour. .
At the end questionnaire was collected then data was collated and converted into percentages for use of further analysis.
Figure 1 represents days in which participants engage in leisure activities.
It is clear seen in Australia that most of students engage in leisure activities on the weekend. However, in home country most of respondents spend their time in weekdays and weekend. There were an equal proportion of participants that engaged during weekdays in their leisure activities in both countries.
Thus, in Australia majority of participants engaged in weekend where as in home country they engaged in both days for leisure activities.
Figure 2 illustrates the group with whom participants spend their leisure time.
It is seen from the graph that in Australia majority of participants spend their leisure time with friends followed by family. On the other hand, in home country equal percentages of participants spend their leisure time with friends and family.5 % participants in Australia spend the leisure time alone as compare to home country.
Overall, in home country friends and family is a best group for participants to spend their leisure time as compare to Australia.
Figure 3 represents place used for leisure time activities.
It is clear from graph that in Australia majority of participant used more outdoor activities and half of them preferred to do indoor activities. However, in home country most of respondent used indoor as well as outdoor activities in their leisure time.
Hence, in home country majority of participant do indoor and outdoor activities in their leisure time as compare to Australia.
Figure 4 illustrates time for leisure activities to students.
It is seen that in Australia most of participants agree that they not have enough time for leisure activities in addition to this only 20% of participants have time to do leisure activities in contrast to that in home country majority of students have enough time for their leisure activities and only list of participants do not have time for leisure activities.
Thus, in home country participants have enough time for leisure activities as compare to Australia.
The aim of this research was to find why leisure time activities have decreased among overseas student. The hypothesis supported the study that leisure activities have decreased among international student after they come to Australia.
A main finding was mostly consistent with study of Barratt and Huba (1994) they detected that international student attempts to make more friends. This could be because international student do not live with their family so they can express idea and views with friends and it help to solve them problems.
A next significant finding was quietly similar with study of ABS (2011) they stated that in Australia student are preferred to do more outdoor activities then indoor .A likely reason for this is, that if they go out and do the activities it have to referees their mine and improve communication by communicating with other people.
The finding supports the hypothesis. In the comparison of two countries surveyed. The respondents agreed that they do not have enough time to do leisure activities in Australia and they broadly engage in leisure activities on weekends. A possible reason for this, students have the burden of study and work in weekdays. Whereas in weekend students are free from all and they get more time to do their activities.
A significant limitation in this research was that the questions are not well design. The sample size was too small to make generalization and all respondents are from the same college and course. Further studies should be carried out with large sample and survey conducted at different universities to investigate that leisure time activities has change among overseas student. The recommendation of study that universities should provide some different type of activities in campus so student can do in their spare time.
Development Of A New School in Malaysia
Initial Business Proposal
Ideas Knowledge (IK) School is an education related. We understand teachers in school are overworked, underpaid and having large amount (35-45) of students in every class and they do not have enough time to finish the syllabus and do further explanations. (Nair, 2012)
Slowly, it becomes parents and guardians worries because parents busy with works and they do not have time for their children education. IK will help to solve difficulty such as improving their weak subjects, coach them, motivate them in studies as well as answer their doubt on academic.
A research of 100 different categories of students was carried out earlier. (Appendix 1) It stated very clearly that only three out of hundred is not attending tuition or coaching. Besides that, tuition industry had contributed RM4 Billion in the growth of Malaysia. With these facts, it is very clear that tuition industry potential and future scenario. (Lim Seng Poh, 2006)
Malaysian parents even willing to spend RM200 to RM2000 a month on children tuition fees. (Nair, 2012) Research also stated that, two thirds (14%) of the households in Asia/Pacific spending enrichment classes for their children such as academic tuition, foreign language classes and public speaking. (MasterCard, 2013) 46% of Malaysian parents willing to spend extra tuition classes fees. (Appendix 2)
Mission and Vision
Ideas Knowledge (IK) School belief that it is our responsible to teach and ready them with academic skills and values so that they are able to meet the future challenges. We believe that encourage the students to challenge, question and debate their ideas is good because they able to do critical thinking and very creative individuals in the future. (Gan, 2012)
Ideas Knowledge (IK) School will inspire the desire for knowledge and learning. Not just with excellence result but also be enterprising, creative spirits, responsible and cultivate caring in children is the future needs and wants of society. We provide the society with independently, proactive learners with interest, motivation, confidence, discipline, skills and characteristics to succeed. In the future, IK will be the leader of tuition industry. Target Market
‘Shadow’ education is expanding at an alarming rate. Household’s income being spend on tutoring. (ADB, 2012) Malaysia parents are more particular in academic tuition (46%), Sport (36%) and music instrument (32%). (Appendix 3) (MasterCard, 2013) From this research, we able to understand that parents nowadays are more concern on children education level.
The number of student enrolled at the primary level in government-aided religious school has increased 9,284 students. (Appendix 4) But, the enrolment in primary level decrease from 2,859,921 in 2011 to 2,708,981 in 2014. (Appendix 5) Tuition and extra classes become the growing industry within Malaysia because there are strong demands towards the supply. At the same time, 2,967 registered tuition centre with the attending number of 194,567 students. (Nair, 2012)
Around Selangor area, there are more than 600 primary schools. We will target the primary school students around Subang Jaya area such as SK Dato Onn Jaafar, SJK (C) Chee Wen and etc. Not just Chinese students, but all ethnic groups of Indian, Chinese and Malays.
4.1 Product and Services
Ideas Knowledge (IK) School offer tutoring class for primary school students in small group (maximum 10 students) and medium group (not more than 20 students) because this can help them concentrate. (Venus, 2013) However, the variety of the subjects offered in tuition mimics those in schools. (Lim Seng Poh, 2006)
The differences between us and competitors are we provide coaching, counseling and outdoor activities services to the students. We also provide few facilities for the students, such as library. It is to make sure that they are not just excellent mentally but also physically.
Penetration pricing strategy means selling product in lower pricing so that it can attract customers. (Roth, 2007) Sell product lower than the usual price can encourage customer to switch from old to new product. (Riley, 2012) Ideas Knowledge will use this strategy to begin the business. With this, the parents will consider our tuition centre first rather than others. When the business is on the right track, price will slowly be increase. But, no worries of price can’t be afford or not reasonable.
Ideas Knowledge will locate in USJ 21. It is opposite The Main Place shopping Mall. Nearby area are all residences and office lot. The percentage for parents to visit our tuition centre is higher. There are a lot of facilities nearby such as shopping mall, restaurant, bank, etc.
In the future of two to three years, there will be even more conveniences because rail station will be nearby. (Appendix 6) Students can travel from other place to attend classes.
Through the research and analysis, there are more than 13 million of Malaysian are a Facebook user. It is a fastest and easier way to promote out Ideas Knowledge (IK) School. By using this kind of social media, we do not need to spend a single cent on promoting the business as well have reaching the potential customers. Besides that, in this technology centuries, every students owned social media account for example Facebook, Instagram, etc.
Nevertheless, we will also promote it on school since there are few schools nearby. When promoting in school, students are require to fill up their basic personal data such as name, Facebook account, address, etc. All databases will keep for future uses such as share some academics knowledge, etc. We will also give out some flyers and prizes for students so that they can remember our centre.
Since independence, Malaysia government keep sustain in investing of education. Malaysia federal governments spend the highest percentage of GDP (Gross Domestic Product) on primary and secondary education in East Asia. (Appendix 6) (MOE, 2012)
Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is to evaluate the quality of educational outcomes. Year 2009, it was the first time Malaysia participated in the program and the ranking was not good. (Appendix 7) But, Malaysia aim to rise from bottom third to the top third in PISA ranking within two decades. (Gan, 2012)
Year 2012, the inflation rate increased up to 1.6%. 2009 and 2012 Department of Statistics’ Household Income Survey stated that it is a huge income gap between years 2009 to 2012. (Appendix 8) (Shams, 2014) As for the Salary Survey 2013 by the Malaysia Employers Federation (MEF), stated that salaries for executive increased 6.3% while salaries for non-executive increased 6.7%. (The Malaysian Insider, 2014) Malaysia Prime Minister introduced a new proposal that will let the civil servant to enjoy annual salary increment between RM80 to RM320 called New Civil Services Remuneration Scheme (SBPA). (The Malaysian Insider, 2014)
Since Goods and Services Tax (GST) going to implemented in April 2015, KPMG Malaysia urged both public and private sectors to gradually increase salaries.
Tutoring is one of the top 16 industries worldwide and the growth rate is 7% in year 2011. (ICEF Monitor, 2012) The magazine and website Inc. stated that start a new business, tutoring is the best choice.
Among the parents, tuition is the latest trend that keeps growing in this recent year. They will send their children into extra classes and early child education programmes. Survey stated that about 82.2% of students said that tutoring allowed them to gain knowledge and 62.4% of students able to aim higher marks are because tutoring. (Kenayathulla, 2014) Even thought parents does not have strong evidence of the effectiveness of tutoring but the strong belief in efficacy of tutoring regarding the teaching and delivery methodologies used in tuition centre. (Tsang, 2012)
Ministry of Education Malaysia said that the government is trying their best to improve in term of education system and aspiration of individual students. Nevertheless, they also introduce ‘1 BestariNet’ to society. (Terrapinnspore, 2013)Thus project able to provide students and teachers a virtual learning environment.
The latest technology that adopted by the Malaysia Ministry of Education is a technology which is a UK-based Frog / FrogAsia. It’s a type of e-learning system that allowed teachers, students, and parents have connection. They providing user to maximize own strength and develop leadership skills in flexible time and fast growing environment. (Frogasia, n.d.) They also provides effective access to classes, tests, homework, grades, assessments, academic or museum website links, etc. (Strauss, 2013)
Personal and Business SWOT
Able to communicate in few language (Malay, English, Mandarin, Cantonese)
Talkative and friendly
Lack of leadership skill
Lack of experiences in handling business
Weak social networking
Willing to gain experiences and listen to others
Competitors in tuition industry keep increasing
Parents and guardians unsatisfactory
Parents and guardians always busy with work and not involving in children growth. Ideas Knowledge (IK) School created positive impression to the society in tutoring academic. We offer academic tuition, coaching and outdoor activities to children because with this, they can leave electronic devices and enjoy. As for parents, we will discuss and update them their children behavior and academic result once a while. This is to make sure that no matter how busy parents are, they can still involve in children growth.
Lim Seng Poh (2006) The impact of Service Quality Dimensions Towards Customers’ Satisfaction in Tuition Centers [online], Available at: http://library.oum.edu.my/repository/241/1/The_impact_of_service_quality.pdf, [accessed 29 Jun 2014]
Venus (2013) Things You Should Know About Sending Your Kids to Tuition [online], Available at: http://www.venusbuzz.com/archives/41600/things-you-should-know-about-sending-your-kids-to-tuition/, [accessed 29 Jun 2014]
The Straits Times (2008) Tuition Nation [online], Available at: http://news.asiaone.com/News/Education/Story/A1Story20080616-71121.html, [accessed 29 Jun 2014]
MasterCard (2013) Press Releases: Two Thirds of Asia/Pacific Parents Spending on Extra Tuition for Kids: MasterCard Survey [online], Available at: http://newsroom.mastercard.com/press-releases/two-thirds-of-asiapacific-parents-spending-on-extra-tuition-for-kids-mastercard-survey/, [accessed 30 Jun 2014]
ADB (Asian Development Bank) (2012) ADB Study Highlights Dark Side of ‘Shadow Education’ [online], Available at: http://www.adb.org/news/adb-study-highlights-dark-side-shadow-education, [accessed 30 Jun 2014]
MOE (2012) Preliminary Report Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013-2025 [online], Available at: http://www.moe.gov.my/userfiles/file/PPP/Preliminary-Blueprint-Eng.pdf, [accessed 1 July 2014]
Penang Monthly (2013) Statistics – November 2013 [online], Available at: http://penangmonthly.com/statistics-november-2013/, [accessed 1 July 2014]
Penang Institute (2013) Statistics – November 2013 [online], Available at: http://penanginstitute.org/v3/resources/articles/statistics/541-statistics-november-2013, [accessed 3 July 2014]
Nair, N. (2012) Increase in Demand for Tuition in Malaysia [online], Available at: http://www.thestar.com.my/story.aspx/?file=/2012/11/5/metrobiz/12265348