The Will to Survive
The Communist Party
Summary of the Book The book under consideration Journey into the Whirlwind was written by Eugenia Ginzburg in 1967. The book is a true story of a woman who had to endure a lot of sorrows and horrible tortures during her imprisonment. She was and remained a faithful Communist even though she saw the different side of the Russian Communist society.
In her late twenties, she was ready “to die for the Party – not once but three times” if she had been told to do so (Ginzburg 3). The author expresses her opinion on the most important issues in the book. She tells the story and reveals her viewpoints on such things as life, death, friendship, compassion.
The book is written in first person singular narrative, which makes it very personal. The story starts with a phone call that awakens the woman. She as well as other members of the Party is informed about Kirov’s death. Soon after, many members of the Party are accused of anti-revolutionary activities. The main character, Eugenia, is also accused of being involved in such actions as she was an old friend of Professor Elvov who had been arrested earlier.
Eugenia is sent to prison where she is tortured psychologically as she is not allowed to sleep or she is not given any food. She is sent to another prison where she learns a lot about different people and their stories. Finally, she hears her sentence, which is penal servitude. She accepts the sentence with certain joy, “Penal servitude – what a bliss!” (Ginzburg 175). She is sent to Siberia where she completes different jobs.
She is often at the death’s doors, but she manages to stay alive “to spite them” as she is “consumed by the desire to survive the tragedy” (Ginzburg 175). She even has to fall trees in inhumane conditions, but she does not give up. Eventually, she is assisted and she starts working in a hospital. In 1955, she is released and she expresses her desire to let people of Soviet Union as well as the entire world know about her experiences.
The Will to Survive The will to survive can be regarded as one of the most important issues revealed in the novel. The author expresses her own opinion on this matter. She claims that she was determined to live through all the tortures just “to spite them” (Ginzburg 175). The main character of the book witnessed ordeals of many people.
She also saw really optimistic inmates. Thus, one of her first fellow victims was the girl called Lyama, who could fall asleep “with a happy smile on her face” (Ginzburg 59). This young woman became a close friend who taught Eugenia to survive, who comforted the wretched woman and guided her.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In my opinion, the will to survive is one of the most important features every human has. This is something related to hope. People live until they can hope. If human beings had not had the will to survive, we would have ceased to exist long time ago.
Eugenia’s story is another example of the power of the desire to live. She manages to pull through and be alive in spite of all odds. This desire helps her reunite with her family. She also has the opportunity to tell her story to millions, which is very important. The desire to live made it possible for people to find out about the different side of the Soviet Union.
The Communist Party One of central topics of the novel is also loyalty. The woman argues that she has never stopped believing in the rightfulness of the decisions made by the party. In spite of her lasting imprisonment and all ordeals she had to endure, she remains loyal to the party. She says, “I had not the shadow of a doubt of the rightness of the Party line” (Ginzburg 3). She has believed in the ideas perpetuated and never doubted that the country was a great place to live in.
As for me, I would never continue believing in the country where people are put behind the bars without any meaningful reason. I would never believe in the country where people are tortured and made to confess in something they did not do. For me, it is clear that such a country is corrupted and the ideology of this country is erroneous. I am surprised at Eugenia’s being so faithful to the country where all those horrible things happened.
Conclusion To sum up, the book in question reveals a story of a woman who had to endure a great ordeal for sins she had not committed. This is also a story of the country where thousands and even millions of people had to suffer for no reason. The novel contains memories of the woman who had the strength to survive and let millions know about the wrongdoings of Stalin’s regime.
It is possible to note that there are two major ideas revealed in the book. These are Eugenia’s attitude towards life and her loyalty to the Party. The woman had a strong desire to survive and this will helped her endure all her ordeals. Surprisingly, in spite of all horrible experiences, the woman remained faithful to the party. It is difficult to understand this loyalty but one can’t help admiring the brave woman who never changed her ideals no matter what.
Works Cited Ginzburg, Eugenia. Journey into the Whirlwind. New York: Mariner Books, 2002. Print.
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Do Humans Have a Soul? Essay
Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Introduction
The Biblical conception of Soul
Universal Conception of Soul
Misconceptions of Immortal Soul
Introduction Do humans have a soul? What happens to human beings when they pass on? Can we confidently assert that the human soul is immortal? These are some of the fundamental questions that have attracted heated debate from time immemorial. This paper will address these questions from both the universal and the biblical perspectives.
The Biblical conception of Soul The first book of the Bible, Genesis, clearly states that the first human couple (Adam and Eve) was created with an immortal soul. However, they threw away this precious gift when they sinned against God. As a result, God expelled them from the Garden of so that they could eat from the tree of life and regain their lost immortality. Since Adam and Eve were not allowed to regain their immortality from the tree of life, they eventually grew old and die.
This means that human beings do not have a soul that lives on after their demise. However, God has promised his obedient servants an immortal soul if they remain faithful to him. For example, the Bible contains several accounts of people who were brought back to life. These accounts demonstrate the unlimited powers that God has over death. According to the book of Romans, God condemned humans to death when Adam and Eve sinned against Him. Since we are discontents of the first couple, we must die in order to pay for their sins.
According to the Greeks soul is a transitory life of an individual. To them life is always transitory and never immortal or eternal. This is evident in the bible where most of the references are associated with the physical life and not an immortal soul. For instance, Acts 15:26 states that “Men that have hazarded their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ”.
This clearly refers to the physical life and does not mention if humans could endanger their souls for standing up with Jesus Christ. Similarly, it is quoted in Revelation 12:11 that “And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death”. This also refers to mortal lives that could perish.
Luke 12:18 confirms that human souls can pass on and that an individual soul is the same as the flesh. We have confirmed from the biblical verses that the human soul and the flesh are the same and they all die. However, one of the questions that linger in the mind of many is what happens to the soul at the time of death. Psalms 89:48 says “What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death? Shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave?” This clearly supports the idea that human souls are also buried like the flesh.
“Sheol” is a Hebrew word meaning grave. Job 33:22 states “thou hast brought up my soul from the grave thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit”. According to the Hebrews when a human soul goes into the pit hole, it is corrupted or decays. This is an additional evidence that the human soul is the same as the person. The new testament describes the death of Jesus Christ and his soul.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, unlike other humans Christs did not stay in grave for long to decay instead he resurrected after three days. Acts 2:27 states, “Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption or decay.” This means that the soul of the Christ or the dead body was in the tomb (grave) which we are told no one had ever been previously buried. When the Christs resurrected his body was not found .
This clearly proves that the person and the soul are identical. When an individual is buried it is the person that goes to the grave (the body and the soul). Therefore, when we die our soul also dies.
Ecclesiastes 9:10 quotes “ You won’t do anything in the grave, whither thou goest”. This means that when a person is buried in their body (flesh and soul) have no other option but to decay. Psalms 94:17 say “Unless the lord had been my help, my soul had almost dwelt in silence”. This verse explains that were it not for God’s help, even Christ s body could have decayed.
Universal Conception of Soul In primordial times, many people believed that the human shadow represented immortal soul. To date, some primitive people still believe in the existence of an immortal soul. For example, the inhabitants of Greenland believed that the human shadow represented a soul that would appear during the day and disappear at night. What is more, some Native Americans claimed that the soul experienced dreams of a sleeping person.
As a result, the Natives forbade arousing a sleeping person suddenly because they believed that the soul of a sleeping person took more time to return to the body. On a similar note, it was forbidden to put a mask on the face of a sleeping person. The natives believed that the mask would prevent the soul from identifying the right body.
There are various perceptions of the soul. As noted above, some primitive societies believe that humans have several souls distributed in various parts of the body. For instance, illness is often described as soul-loss, which takes place when the evil spirits incarcerate it.
According to the teachings of Hinduism, the human soul (also known as Atman) undergoes re-embodiment until it attains sanitization and enters Nirvana. On the other hand, the Koran teaches that “God breathed the soul into the first human beings, and at death, the souls of the faithful are brought near to God.” On the contrary, Buddhism states that the human soul cannot live after death.
We will write a custom Essay on Do Humans Have a Soul? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Misconceptions of Immortal Soul This section discusses reasons why some people deny the existence of an immortal soul. For instance, William Tyndale questioned the existence of an immortal soul by asserting that Jesus and Paul were able to bring back to life dead people. According to Tyndale, it defies logic to resurrect a dead person if his/her soul is already in heaven or hell. Martin Luther also opposed the idea of an immortal soul. According to him, the immortality of the soul is not part of the biblical teaching.
Conclusion In a nutshell, God has unlimited powers to grant eternal life to humans. The misleading teachings regarding the intrinsic existence of an immortal soul have inflicted fear and confusion among many people since time immemorial. The fact is, when a person dies, the soul dies too.