Federal Bureau of investigation The Federal Bureau of investigation, FBI, is a national security agency that is threat-based and intelligence-driven and the United States justice department’s primary investigative arm (Theoharis 206). It is also a member of the intelligence community in the United States with mandate to investigate particular crimes.
In addition, it supports other law enforcement groups through provision of services such as fingerprinting identification, lab processes and training. The FBI collects information, disseminates and carries out analysis of intelligence in order to accurately predict and prevent any security threats that United States could be facing (Theoharis 171).
Functions The Federal Bureau of Investigation has its investigations divided into several programs with the major national security precedence on terrorism, counterintelligence and cyber crime.
Terrorism refers to domestic and global terrorism as well as weapons of mass destruction (Theoharis 172). Cyber crime refers to computer intrusions, online predators, piracy or property theft, internet fraud and identity theft (Theoharis 172).
Criminal priorities cover public corruption, civil rights, organized crime, white collar crime and violent crime plus major thefts (U.S.FederalGovernment.org).
Public corruption refers to government and election fraud as well as foreign corrupt practices. Civil right violations covers hate crime, human trafficking, racial discrimination and freedom to access health facilities. Organized crime covers Italian mafia, Eurasian, Balkan, Middle Eastern, Asian, African and sports bribery.
Violent along with major thefts include art theft, bank robbery, cargo and vehicle theft, violation of child rights, gangs, retail theft, theft of jewelry or gem, and crimes on cruise ships or Indian country (U.S.FederalGovernment.org). White-collar crime covers bankruptcy, corporate, healthcare, mortgage, mass marketing and insurance frauds and money laundering (U.S.FederalGovernment.org).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More FBI has a philosophy of having close relations and sharing of information with other security agencies and intelligence at federal level, state level, local level as well as international level. Most of the investigations by FBI is in collaboration with other agencies of law enforcement or involve comparing investigations with other agencies for comparison.
Inadequacies The FBI does not have a shared database for use with other security agencies because its database is only accessible to its agents and any information is provided upon request. The FBI has its activities concentrated mostly in United States and it only cooperates with other security agencies during investigations or provides some technical assistance such as DNA tests of fingerprinting. It also does not provide training to other security personnel.
Interpol Interpol is a global police organization and has a hundred and eighty eight member countries. It enhances cross border communication of police, provision of support and assistance to all organizations, authorities plus provision of services aimed at prevention or fighting global crime.
Interpol provides secure services of police communication worldwide; the basis of effectual global law enforcement is the capability of exchanging crucial data fast and in a secure way resulting to the development of a round the clock global system of police communication. The communication system connects Interpol’s General Secretariat and member countries together with the National Central Bureaus along with the regional offices (Interpol.com).
There is global network information sharing by police. There is also instant access to Interpol’s database member countries. Member countries can offer consultative information to other approved security organs for example custom controls.
Interpol provides operational information services in addition to shared security databases (Interpol.com). It provides police with information for use in investigations or crime prevention.
It has databases that Interpol Bureaus in member countries could access including the I-link project, DNA profiles, and fastid, lost travel documents, Mobile Interpol Network Database, MIND/ Fixed Interpol Network database, FIND, stolen cars, suspected terrorists, information on criminals and fingerprints (Interpol.com).
We will write a custom Essay on Interpol versus Federal Bureau of investigation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Mobile Interpol Network Database, MIND and the Fixed Interpol Network database FIND enables instant access of law enforcement to Interpol’s database (Interpol.com).
To prevent criminals, terrorists and unwanted persons from entering a country, the Interpol Network provides information on stolen or lost travel documents such as passports, visa and Identity cards which is then shared with immigration officers at airports and other points of entry. This makes it easier for front line officers to quickly verify if a travel document has been reported lost or stolen.
In order to keep the Information shared relevant and up to date, Interpol General Secretariat – IPSG, officers and member country’s National Bureau officers, all work together in the installation of the information sharing system and supporting its operations (Interpol.com). Technical support for the system is provided by the IPSG helpdesk. Interpol provides technical assistance to and “operational support” to the National Central Bureaus (NCB) (Interpol.com).
The support is mainly aimed at main crime areas of the organization which includes escapees, terrorism, organized crime, drug trafficking, human being trafficking, financial crime, high-tech crime as well as corruption (Interpol.com. In case of a disaster or an important crime there are Interpol response and disaster victim identification teams that could be sent to the area quickly.
It undertakes police training as well as development that involves the building capacity of law enforcement in the world. The aim is to assist member country officials enhance their operational efficiency, improve their skills as well as build the capacity to curb increasing global and sophisticated crimes (Interpol.com).
Nevertheless, interpol is limited in some ways because it does not have provisions to conduct wiretapping and it only works together with police officers without the involvement of the prosecution or attorneys’ offices.
Comparison Both have a headquarters office and offices in various locations worldwide. The FBI has headquarters in Washington; similarly, Interpol has its headquarters in France with National Central Bureaus in a hundred and eighty-eight member countries. Both share information with other law enforcement agencies.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation provides information about terrorists when working with both domestic as well as foreign agencies of law enforcement same as Interpol which offers information on crime to its member countries.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Interpol versus Federal Bureau of investigation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Both Interpol and the Federal Bureau of investigation have their focus on terrorism, foreign internet crime, counterintelligence, organized crime, narcotics or drug and violent crimes.
Contrast The federal bureau of investigation carries out investigation on possible federal law violations and works together with federal prosecutors in the justice department or the offices of United States Attorneys, whereas Interpol only works with the police offices. Interpol works together with officers in its member countries only.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation has the capability of conducting wiretapping in combating terrorism or the most severe crimes whereas Interpol has no such provisions.
Interpol enables capability of exchanging information fast and in a secure manner between the secretariat and the National Central Bureaus whereas the FBI does not have a shared database but only provides information on request.
Finally, Interpol offers police training and other operational support services but the FBI does not but instead works together with other security agencies in United States or from other countries.
Works Cited Interpol.com. Interpol’s four core functions. 2010. Web.
Theoharis, G. The FBI: a comprehensive reference guide. New York: Greenwood Publishing Group. 2009. Print.
U.S.Federal Government.org. What we investigate, 2010. Web.
Different Ways in Which Religion Influences the Society Report
Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Introduction
Impact of religion on society
Introduction Religion has existed as long as man himself, it has been the center of our livelihoods with different communities belonging to different religion. Religion influences the society in many different aspects. This paper looks at the different ways in which religion influences the society.
Impact of religion on society Effective parenting determines the kind of society that will develop when the parented children become citizens. Parents lead their children to religion where they are taught good and evil, dos and don’ts, moral ethics religious beliefs and so on.
Children are introduced to different beliefs depending on the religion of the parents and they grow up believing what they are taught as the absolute truth. For example, children brought up in a Christian set up grow up believing in Christian basics such as the holy trinity, Jesus and creation among others. These teachings are usually passed from one generation to another.
Religion plays a very important role in shaping the society. All religions have one basic ideology in that they strive to make the society a better place to live in. Religion teaches that there is always ultimate reward for the good people in the society and also punishment for the bad people and quite a large number of people in the society believe in the religion and they practice good ethics.
This makes the society a better place to live in as was suggested by Fagan (2006) when he claimed that “Religion also leads to a reduction in the incidence of domestic abuse, crime, substance abuse, and addiction” (Fagan, 2006, p. 1).
Religion affects the education system which is an integral part of the society. Many religious sectors such as Muslim and Christian community support education system and some of them even run their own academic institutions such as catholic schools.
This has a positive impact in the society which heavily depends on the empowerment of the members of the society a report by Sherkat (2007) claims that “religious factors also influence the context of contemporary higher education. Increasing rates of college attendance in the general population” (Sherkat, 2007, p.1)
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Religion affects the political leadership of a given society. Many communities usually belong to a particular religion and as such the leadership of such societies is directly influenced by the religion of that community.
A good example is when a Christian person tries to contest for a leadership position in a Muslim community. The person may have good leadership qualities but is not likely to be elected due to his religious affiliation.
On the other hand religious beliefs are likely to influence the type of leadership since different leaders have different religious beliefs. A report by PRC (2011) suggested that the society expects their leaders to express their religious beliefs “there is more criticism of the president for taking his faith into account too little, rather than too much” (PRC, 2011, p. 1).
Religious organizations usually represent the views of their followers. When it comes to the political arena the religious organizations always try to air their views concerning the issues affecting the community.
PRC (2011) reports that a big percentage of Americans expect their religious leaders to make their stand about pressing issues affecting the community since they believe in their religious leaders to make politically neutral stand on the issues and they are always wiling to follow them (PRC, 2011).
Religion may influence the rate at which the population of a given society increases. Many religion affiliations have their guidelines on the nature of an ideal family set up. Most prefer monogamous family set up.
Others may have allowances for polygamy depending on the prevailing situations. In times of war when many men are killed religion always interpret their laws to support polygamy to protect the population and later interpret differently to favor monogamy this way it is able to influence the rate of increase of a given society.
We will write a custom Report on Different Ways in Which Religion Influences the Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Religion influences how the rich and the poor relate to one another in the society. Religion gives hope to the poor in the society. Most of the saviors in religion beliefs are usually displayed as poor for example Jesus is believed to have been born in a manger and Muhammud himself did not come from a rich family.
This gives hope to the poor in the society as they also teach them of the importance of hard work that will make them rich. On the other hand religion teaches the rich to be humble and supportive to the less privileged in the society and in this way the society is able to live together in harmony.
Most religion organizations usually influence the society on the best things to be taken and what ought not to be taken. Most of them restrict use of alcohol and other stimulants that have a negative effect on the health of man.
Restriction on alcohol helps to influence the society towards consuming goods that will be beneficial to them and avoid harming themselves hence promoting a healthy society. It has been argued that order within a family setting can be influenced by religion: “religion also leads to a reduction in the incidence of domestic abuse, crime, substance abuse, and addiction” (Fagan, 2006, p. 1).
Religion has also influenced the society in a negative way as was probably seen during the infamous jihad war in north of Africa that left many people dead. This is one case where religion strive to win over the others to a point where war results. When different religious groups differ on matters affecting the same community a conflict arises and this may result to enmity among the members of the same community.
In order for society to exist in harmony there has to be law and order. Laws are made by law makers and different communities have different laws depending on religious beliefs. An example is the Sharia law in Islam which is different from either Jewish or Christian based laws.
This shows how religion influences the legal institutions of a society. Since the society exists within the given law parameters then religion may be said to influence the society in this way. Fagan suggests that “legislators should seek constitutionally appropriate ways to explore the impact of religious practice on society and, where appropriate, recognize its role and importance” (Fagan, 2006, p. 1).
Conclusion Religion has been found to have profound effect on the society in many ways. Religion influences how children are brought up, legal systems such as Sharia law in the Muslim community, promote good social ethics by making sure the community live as a family, influencing population growth of the community by its model of a family setting.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Different Ways in Which Religion Influences the Society by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More There are also cases in history when religion influenced the society negatively by creating hatred towards other religious groups as in historic Jihad war that killed many. Religion however is a very important part of any society in ensuring people live together as a family.
References Fagan, P. (2011). Why Religion Matters Even More: The Impact of Religious Practice on Social Stability. Heritage Research Reports. Web.
PRC. (2011). Religion and Politics: Contention and Consensus. Pew Research Center. Web.
Sherkat, D. (2007). Religion and Higher Education: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. Religion. Web.