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Informal Psychology and Psychology as a Formal Science Exploratory Essay

Psychology is a part of a social science that tries to explain why humans behave and do what they do. While normal people judge others unfairly, social scientists have been approaching the same matter by conducting experiments and research (Lahey, 2008). This paper will briefly explore the informal psychology, which is as old as man, and the scientific approach of psychology. In the end, this paper will recommend the best approach to psychology.

It is normal for us to judge others depending on how they appear to us. This informal type of psychology happens all the time without our concept. For example, when the year begun, a new student named Andrew joined our school. He does not talk much, therefore not so many people know about him. He walks extremely slowly, and he stammers. Last week, the basket ball coach (my coach) announced that Andrew will be joining the team for trial.

My team mates could only laugh, it was impossible to imagine Andrew making a basket let alone dribbling. Never before had we seen a man walking at that pace, desire to play basketball. To our surprise, it turned out that Andrew is a pretty good player. We later realized that we had formed an opinion about him without giving him a chance.

The scientific method of study in psychology can be divided into 5 steps. In the first step, the researcher observes a certain occurrence and comes up with a theory as to why it has happened. For example, a researcher may observe that 20 minutes afternoon naps are allowed in some offices. There is a probability that afternoon naps increase productivity of workers.

The researcher maybe interested in finding out whether the claim is true. The next step in the study is to come up with a hypothesis. In this case the researcher may come up with a hypothesis that says that; workers who take a nap after lunch, are more productive in the afternoon than the ones who do not.

After a hypothesis has been formulated, the researcher should design a study that will measure the two parameters to be compared; productivity and presence of 20 minutes nap. Since the productivity of people varies, the researcher will simply compare the level of productivity per subject, and then compare that trend with other subjects. Only when the trend is consistence, a conclusive remark can be made.

Productivity can be measured by the number of words the subjects type for 120 minutes. When the subject has taken a nap, he will be required to type for 100 minutes. If he has not taken a nap, he will be required to type for 120 minutes. In short, the test will compare productivity for a period of 120 minutes in 5 days. The researcher will then collect data; in this case, data is the number of words typed.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Afterwards, the researcher will deduce whether there was an increase in the number of words typed in the presence of a nap for each subject. If it is found that the majority had more typed words when they took a nap, then he can conclude that his hypothesis was right (Plotnik

Audience Analysis Argumentative Essay

Nursing Assignment Help Communication should be given vital consideration when it comes to delivering a speech in a meeting. One should be able to contain the audience throughout the session. The characteristics of the audience are important and therefore whoever is address it should first put this into consideration before proceeding.

The speaker has to make use of various effective ways of message delivery in the speech. Putting all these things into consideration will facilitate the delivery of a good and appropriate speech that will keep the whole audience active despite its professional differences (May, 2005).

In any meeting, whether in a company or any other gathering, communication is mandatory. Any speaker should therefore to cautiously handle communication so that the message is received efficiently.

Communication is a major contributing factor to the achievement of any given company; hence, all means should be used to ensure that it is done in the most appropriate way. This can be done in many ways using various channels that will make the message delivery more simple and easy for both the speaker and the audience.

During any meeting in which one is expected to deliver a speech the audience is the most important group. The audience is the group that the speaker is conveying the information to.

The speaker should therefore put it into consideration because this is the group that will determine if the meeting and the communication was successful or not. An audience can be proven to be either interesting or dull and boring. This fully depends on the first impression that the audience will perceive of the speaker and the form of communication that the speaker uses.

The audience’s characteristics are many and they include the categories of the people that the speaker is to address during the delivery of the particular speech.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Managers, sales people, and customers could be present in the audience. These are people with different interests in the company, and it is important to consider all of them in the delivery of the speech. In cases where the speech is generalized, a section of the audience may feel sidelined (Redding, 2007).

The need or the background information is another characteristic of the audience. Most of the audience normally requires getting to understand the background information of the company during the meeting. Some audiences also prefer the use of definitions during the delivery of the speech.

The audiences do this to completely eliminate the possibility of some of them being lost along the way due to improper definition of terms they do not understand. Various audiences also have various needs; for instance, the managers may be interested in issues that pertain to the progress of the company and further strategies being laid.

On the other hand, sales people may need an increment of the commissions they are given during sales and generally an improvement in the returns that they may obtain from the selling of the company commodities. The customers may be concerned to hear about any measures being put in place to improve the quality of the products and other measures being put in place with the aim of satisfying the customers.

One of the main communication channels going to be used during the meeting is oral communication. This is the most challenging mode of communication as the speaker needs to win the interest of the entire audience and be keen not to engage in unnecessary repetitions during the speech. A tendency to fail to keep time during oral presentations is rife; hence, the speaker needs to budget time appropriately so as not to take unnecessarily long during the meeting

The other communication channel during the meeting is the slide show presentation. Most speakers use this method in many meetings of motivational talks and company meetings. Use of slide shows is a very critical form of communication that needs to accompany the oral presentation during a meeting. Through these slide shows, guidelines and main points can be given to the audience so the speaker may not deviate from the topic. In addition and time management is enhanced. This mode of presentation is also necessary if there is a need of displaying some pictures to the audience.

It is important to take into account some considerations during the delivery of the speech to this type of audience. One of the considerations is for the speaker not to assume that the individuals in the audience are the same (Cheney, 2004). This is because people react differently to different situations; hence, it is important to consider all these people during the delivery of the speech.

We will write a custom Essay on Audience Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The other major consideration is for the speaker not to assume an understanding of what others may say. As such the speaker will keenly listen to their questions and other contributions (Condril, 2009). In addition, nothing will be overlooked that may generate the feeling that one is ignoring a section of the audience.

As the speaker, one needs not to do things that may cause serious reactions from the audience. The questions one should ask oneself may be: Did I do anything that may have caused the individual’s or group’s reaction? (For example, common hand signals used to motion an individual to come toward you may be seen as a rude gesture in some countries).

It is also important to watch for cues that would indicate that the speaker’s behaviors or statements inadvertently were seen as threatening or insensitive. If the speaker thinks there could possibly be a misunderstanding, it is wise to assume responsibility and regroup (May, 2005).

For the delivery of an effective message, there is the need to give background information about the company at the start of the speech so as to bring all the audience at the same point of understanding. There is also a need to define important terms before proceeding with the report presentation.

The use of graphics is also critical to ensure that the message is well communicated. Graphics may include using projectors to ensure that the audience fully understands what is being handled. Lastly, for effective delivery of the message, the speaker needs to know the needs of the audience.

The speaker can do this by administering short questionnaires to the audience. This questionnaire seeks to identify the audience’s needs and will allow them to give their comments. There is need for the questionnaire to be reviewed quickly so that most important issues are handled during the speech.

Putting all the critical issues into consideration and trying as much as possible to involve all the sections of the audience will ensure that the message is fully delivered.

References Cheney, G. (2004). Organizational Communication in an Age of Globalization. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Audience Analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Condril, J. (2009). Ways to Improve Your Communicatin Skills. New York: Three Rivers Press.

May, S. (2005). Engaging Organizational Communication. California: Goalminds.

Redding, W. (2007). Creator of Goal Minds. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.