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How P.T.S.D. affects families Essay

Table of Contents Introduction

PTSD affects on the family

OIF/OEF Combat Soldiers

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Military deployments have been known to contribute tremendously to the P.T.S.D effects on the families of the veteran soldiers. This is worse when the families get to watch horrific scenes from the television of areas where their loved ones have been deployed. To the soldier, the effects usually vary depending on a few factors, one of them being the length of the deployment mission.

This means that, P.T.S.D effects will be greater depending on the duration of the exposure to such a stressor. The effects are even worse to the partner who is left behind; whether wife or husband because they are required to care for the children and the thought of being the sole bread winner makes the whole situation sad. Children are affected more since they are not able to enjoy the affection of both their parents whom they were used to.

Despite such dilemmas, the military leaders have come up with programs which are meant to offer counseling to the soldiers when they return home from such a horrifying mission. More so, the families of such persons are also assured that their loved ones will be allowed a limited duration to such missions since a prolonged stay, say in Iraq or any other place is known to cause P.T.S.D severely. Generally there is hope for the military soldiers and families who are at risk of getting P.T.S.D, now and in the future.

PTSD affects on the family According to Moon (63) once the soldier returns home after the mission, the family members will begin to notice certain changes. These changes are contributed to the trauma of war that the veteran had to endure. Changes include nightmares during sleep which could occur on regular basis. The author adds that, the changes could affect the entire family members in a negative manner. This entails the members of the family dedicating their time so as to comfort or offer support to the “soldier”.

As a result the members are not able to continue with their normal duties, which was usually the case. This creates disruption in the event whereby, the running of; for example a family business is discontinued so as to cater for that PTSD soldier. Worse still, the children are affected when they notice the weird behavior from say their father and this in turn affects their school performance.

Moon still argues that, the family members usually act differently when a loved one is traumatized and a proper intervention is the only solution (12). According to Ursano and Norwood (5) cited that Reuben Hill came up with his first report which enabled him to develop the ABCX model that outlined the PTSD crisis.

With this, he was able to discover that there was an increase in somatic distress in wives of the Israeli veterans. Psychiatric distress was also reported among these women hence affecting their lives completely before help was taken. PTSD was mainly vulnerable to a special population class such of single parents’ households and joint service marriages.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More PTSD effects could also take another shift whereby the family members could begin experiencing nightmares of their loved ones who are out deployed in a mission. In their visions they may picture the person getting injuries or even being killed. Such incidences could make the wife or husband who is left at home; fear the shift of roles whereby he or she may end up acting as the bread winner if such a vision would come true. Ursano and Norwood (9).

OIF/OEF Combat Soldiers Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) have become quite important for the after-action review (AAR). The reason for this is that, future operations will have to be based on this when preparation for such missions are to be undertaken. The challenges encountered during the OIF phase are not the same ones with those that happen today.

For the soldiers who return in the later phases, a lot of differences are noticed as far as tactics and techniques are concerned. In general, there has been a change in how AAR gives their testimonies to their superiors who are in charge. (Stone 58)

In some cases the AARs exercises are not undertaken since they are considered to be painful and tedious. However, the soldiers understand the importance of this task. Opinions and ideas on Global war against terrorism have progressed; therefore the Marines have learned more tactics on how to improve their “game”.

With respect to that, leaders of these groups are trying to speak with the soldiers who are returning from the war hoping that they will change their programs and be able to accommodate or match with the current student’s techniques and procedures. In April, the 89th Military Police Brigade’s deployment was involved with an internal AAR meeting whereby they recorded their work for future reference.

According to Stone, the leaders were able to answer all their listeners’ questions, which revolved around their stay in Iraq. The listeners included the soldiers who were deployed in Iraq the previous year. The two experiences were quite different since they happened in different timeline. Many students who were anticipated to leave for Iraq learnt a lot when they were briefed on what to expect once they arrived there.

Stone adds that, after the 89th team left, a team of about six leaders was sent by the 16th Military. It was organized that the leaders were to meet with some of the group instructors of the known Directorate of Training and Leader Development (DTLD), for the AAR to comment on how the OIF could be shared. This helped for the future improvement of their training programs as included in the AAR comments.

We will write a custom Essay on How P.T.S.D. affects families specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The author adds that, the pictures and layouts presentation were used so as to demonstrate a detailed description that was experienced in those events. For the listeners, the experience was quite frightening though educative in the long run.

To clear up the happening, it should be noted that the two happenings that is; the 16th and 89th Military and Police Brigades were mostly edged on reshaping the canon of the 14th Military Police Brigade. The author concludes that sharing of such experiences using the appropriate forums was one of the best training in the Military force.

Conclusion P.T.S.D is a common occurrence among the families of the military soldiers as described above. Measures of dealing with this kind of problem have been formulated by the government authorities and the most viable one is that the soldiers should be deployed in such areas for a specific duration. The limitation is meant to lower down the chances of getting the P.T.S.D which in the long run can affect the rest of the family.

On the other hand, OIF/OEF combat soldiers can proof helpful in future plans. This means that they can help the Military to come up with the ideal tactics and techniques that can be used when a deployment mission is to be undertaken. In general, if this approach is used the military will not experience the challenges that they have had to encounter in the past years.

Works Cited Moon, Poppy. Sand Play Therapy with U.S. Soldiers Diagnosed With PTSD And Their Families. Article 13 p 63-66. 1997 Print

Stone, Heather. Military police Soldiers share OIF/OEF experiences with the regiment. World Peace Newspaper. July 2005. Web.

Ursano, Robert

Trading symbol from NYSE Term Paper

Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Introduction

NYSE symbol: SAM

Brief history of The Boston Beer Company, Inc

Performance of the Boston Beer Company, Inc

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is the largest stock exchange in the world in terms of market capitalization. In 2007, the NYSE merged with another company, Euronext so that the entire stock exchange became fully electronic.

The signing of the Buttonwood Agreement in May 1792 was the precursor to the formation of the current NYSE which began with less than 50 stocks. There are over 2,500 securities listed on the New York Stock Exchange to date though the number is not constant since new securities as well as tradable securities are added or delisted regularly. It is currently located on 11 Wall Street in lower Manhattan, New York City and the listed companies at the NYSE have a collective capital base of over US$25 trillion.

NYSE symbol: SAM The Boston Beer Company, Inc. (NYSE: SAM) is a publicly owned company listed in the NYSE as a component of the brewery industry. The company was first listed on the NYSE on 21 November, 1995 after selling part of its capital to the public as common shares.

Brief history of The Boston Beer Company, Inc The Boston Beer Company, Inc was established in 1984 in Boston, Massachusetts by three individuals and initially begun its operations by contracting the Pittsburgh Brewing Company for the brewing of its brands prior to the establishment of The Boston Beer Company’s own brewing plant in Cincinnati.

Boston Beer Company is the current largest American-owned brewery after the merge of the previous largest company, Anheuser Busch with the Belgian-Brazilian Company InBev on November 18, 2008 to form Anheuser Busch InBev -AB-IB (Jackson, 10).

Performance of the Boston Beer Company, Inc In 2005, The Boston Beer Company (NYSE: SAM) attained fourth quarter net revenue of $64.8 million, an increase of 16% over fourth quarter 2004. Net revenue rose up by 9.7% to $238.3 million in 2005 compared to the previous year (Roberto 7). There was also an increase in net revenue per barrel mainly because of price increases and a change in the package mix (BBIC 8).

Advertising, promotional and selling expenses increased by $6.0 million, due to higher shipment fuel costs, selling costs and promotional investment supporting the brands (Fuhrmann 10).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In general, the Better Beer category of the company grew by 8% while that of the Craft beer grew by 9%, and the end result was a 5% growth of the company for the full year 2005. The Company had net income of $15.6 million, or $1.07 per diluted share with a net revenue increase of $21.1 million or 9.7% because of the augmentation in shipment volume along with a 2.4% increase in net revenue per barrel and thus a rise in the share value (Jackson 7).

In 2006, fourth quarter net revenue was at $73.3 million due to an increase in shipment volume and a net revenue per barrel. Net revenue rose by 20% to $285.4 million in 2006 relative to 2005 revenue (BBIC 7). Gross margin for the fourth quarter 2006 dropped to 56.0% from 57.7% in the fourth quarter of 2005 because of rising supply chain costs perpetuated by the increase in beer demand and increase in package material costs (Roberto 8).

There was also an increase in net revenue per barrel is due to package change costs.Net income for 2006 was $18.2 million, or $1.27 per diluted share, which was a notable increase of $2.6 million, or $0.20 per diluted share compared to the previous year. Net revenue rose to $47.1 million while gross margin as a percent of net sales was 57.6% mainly due to net price increases induced by unfavorable packaging material and supply chain costs.

In 2007, the fourth quarter net revenue was $92.2 million which was perpetuated by an increase in core shipment volume (BBIC 6). The 2008 fourth quarter net revenue grew by 13% with the net income being $3.6 million mostly motivated by the raise in costs of raw and packaging materials (Fuhrmann 11). Other expenses included the new Pennsylvania Brewery which brought about start-up costs and the Latrobe Brewery asset impairment charge.

The net revenue for the fourth quarter of 2008 increased by13% to $103.8 million, because of volume and pricing gains (BBIC 4). Net income for that year fell by $14.4 million, or $0.97 per diluted share to $8.1 million, or $0.56 per diluted share relative to the to previous year mainly due to the increases in cost of goods sold, advertising as well as promotional and selling expenses(BBIC 4).

In addition, the Boston Beer Company issued a recall in April 2008, after a third-party supplier responsible for a fourth of the bottles used the Boston Beer Company manufactured defective bottles which contained small pieces of glass (Jackson 7). Consequently, the share value of the company’s shares fell by over 3% after the recall leading to the drop in net income.

2009 saw the net revenue for the fourth quarter rise by $3.4 million to $107.2 million again mostly because of core volume gains. The net revenue of the year 2009 rose to $415.1 million a 4% increase (Fuhrmann 14). Net income for 2009 was $31.1 million or $2.17 per diluted share, which is an increase of $23.0 million, or $1.61 per diluted share when compared to 2008(BBIC 3). Product recall costs of 2008 were $22.8 million which led to improved gross margins of 5% in 2009.

We will write a custom Term Paper on Trading symbol from NYSE specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More 2010 is a promising year for the Boston Beer Company especially with the launch of the new spring seasonal, Samuel Adams(R) Noble Pils that continues to enjoy a favorable reception by consumers, and traders (BBIC 2). There are still existing challenges such as increased competition from domestic forte brands as well as regional craft brands and competitive pricing though current approximation of for 2010 is in the range of $2.35 to $2.65 earnings per diluted share.

Conclusion Since the listing of The Boston Beer Company in the NYSE, it has been able to make tremendous progress mainly due to the company’s consistency in effective performance and corporate finance. The value of NYSE:SAM is currently ranging between $30.70 and $56.40 with the theory and practice of corporate finance being a major contributor to the bullish activity of the shares.

Long term Capital investment decisions such as the opening of the Pennsylvania Brewery in 2008 and the IPO in 1995 have all been profitable even with initial losses being experienced. The company has financed most investments with equity and shareholders are frequent recipients of dividend unless in occasions with reduced income such as 2008.

Working capital management has led the company to reduce advertising, promotional and selling costs since 2008. Such action is being amplified by cutbacks in freight expenses to wholesalers, addition of sales staff as well as better advertising rates and more efficient spending by the company to equalize the increase in salaries. Consequently, advertising and promotional costs as well as cost of sales sustained in 2009 declined by $11.3 million relative to 2008 costs.

Works Cited Fuhrmann, Ryan. Sam Adams Brewing Growth in the U.S. 2010. Web.

Jackson, Sally. The Boston beer company to ask for federal regulations requiring full disclosure on beer labels. 1996. Web.

Roberto, Michael. Anheuser Busch and Sam Adams, 2008. Web.

The Boston Beer Company, Inc (BBCI). Investor relation center: Archives. Web.

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