There have been debates against development of hip-hop in Japan despite the efforts by fans and artists to grow this music. Critics against localization of this music argued that it would result in division. However, localization of culture has proved to be a path towards globalization. This paper will focus on the debates following the revolution of hip-hop music in Japan.
Debates Emerging from Hip-hop Popularization Major corporations in Japan dismissed hip-hop music as a transient fad which would come to an end. However, the Japanese youth pressed on with this culture, and have proved these corporations wrong by making hip-hop popular.
Today, hip-hop culture matches the Japanese powerful media companies in driving globalization. Since this culture was adopted from America, there was fear that it would result in conflict between the two nations. It was argued that adopting hip-hop and localizing it would hinder globalization, but it has amounted in interconnectedness and global sharing.
Borrowing culture and localizing it, is a form of interaction among the artists, the fans and the general audience. The revolution of this culture rescued youths from the economic uncertainty experienced in Japan in the early twenty first-century (Condry, 2006).
Hip-hop artists have challenged the world on crime issues, for example, the American government’s response to terrorism attacks. The artists seek to know what the government has planned in response to these attacks. This is a form of communication to the governments, and not offensive stereotype as initially assumed. While clubbing, the Japanese youths socialize, network and share business ideas.
This is a scene that offers more than just mere stage performance and entertainment. It provides a forum for the artists, fans, producers and even the organizers to network. The issue of commercialization of hip-hop music came about when a smaller fraction of the artists went for major record labels to promote their music.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This caused a stir, and it was assumed that the artists were driven by economic benefits. However, this was not the case, most of the artists focused on refining their music in the Japanese languages to give it a Japanese flavor. This was done in the gembas, fans segregated themselves according to artist preference (Condry, 2006).
Hip-hop culture has also encouraged the youths to be socially responsible. For instance, environmentalists would visit and teach the youth on proper waste disposal and recycling. They were also taught about the best beer products for their consumption. So, contrary to the assumption that these activities would ruin morals, they also served to educate the youths on social responsibility and united them.
Unity gave them one voice for them to address the authorities. An example of such representation is when one of the emcees Utamaru challenged the government on backroom dealings. The fans joined him with screams and cheers to show their support for this message.
The artist represents the rest of the group in disapproving corrupt activities that the government is involved in. The messages are not only limited to Japanese politics, but also on global ones. Through these expressions, the artist challenges the cultural hegemony in the west; he portrays hip-hop in Japan as a global style and not Americanization.
This shows that the hip-hop culture in Japan is not interested in competing with other nations, but rather promoting globalization through music localization. The artists have diversified their music to become very dynamic and competitive, a fact doubted by many hip-hop critics in the past (Condry, 2006).
Cultural globalization has always been symbolized by multinational organizations like Coca-cola. However, the Japanese hip-hop culture has changed this fact. Japan has attracted attention from the hip-hop culture which concentrates on the local languages and peer groups of different generations. The culture is distinct and stands out from the multinational corporations; it promotes global sharing and networking.
Cultural globalization is achieved by connecting hip-hop scenes world-wide to create diversity in styles. In contrast to the expectations that global culture would be homogeneous, localization of music works best. When nations with different cultural backgrounds borrow music ideas and localize them, this becomes a form of sharing.
We will write a custom Essay on Hip-hop in Japan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It brings nations together through music exploration to build cultural flows and interactions. Hip-hop revolution in Japan shows the importance of networking. Through the Japanese peers, hip-hop music has expanded to be recognized by major record labels that had rejected it at first (Condry, 2006).
Conclusion The revolution of hip-hop music in Japan was met with objection. It was assumed that the culture would die if not supported by the major music record labels, or the media.
However, this worked out to introduce the concept of cultural globalization in which nations are interconnected by sharing music. The artists are popularized by their own music and not through the media. Therefore, the belief that media is the only tool that drives globalization is misguided, culture can also be used to promote globalization.
Reference Condry, I. (2006). Hip-hop Japan: Rap and the paths of cultural globalization. Durham, NC. Duke Univ. Press.
How Encryption Would Have Minimized Bibliofind’s Security Breach Case Study
Nursing Assignment Help Bibliofind has experienced security breaches on its information systems. The firm lacked adequate security that could prevent unauthorized intrusion into its systems. The firm needed to encrypt its systems to prevent hackers getting access to privileged information. This paper discusses how encryption would have strengthened Bibliofind’s information security.
Encryption ensures information that is shared within a system is coded to prevent access by an unauthorized party. The mode in which the message is coded allows only the sender and the receiver to decipher it. The text sent in the message cannot make any meaning to a person it is not intended for.
Bibliofind needed to encrypt all the messages that were shared through its web servers to safeguard them. Passwords and other information about the company needed to be protected from any threat of intrusion. The company should have secured its databases, web servers and other data crucial for its existence.
The company should have used digital signatures when doing business transactions with its clients. This would have prevented unauthorized third party users from becoming aware of the contents of messages exchanged. This approach would have made the company not to fall victim to fraudsters’ schemes.
Bibliofind would have gained the trust of its users by making its business transactions and e-commerce processes foolproof. This would have made it difficult for unauthorized parties to decipher the nature of business transactions it had with its clients. The use of digital signatures and encrypted messages would have made the company’s web transactions more confidential.
Bibliofind needed to analyze the strength of its web servers. Weaknesses in these servers should have been tested to determine which areas needed to be secured the most. Directory listings containing sensitive file names needed to be protected from intrusion by third parties.
Files containing passwords, identities and privileged information of users on internal servers needed to be encrypted to avoid intrusion. The company’s problems stemmed from exposure of its user accounts and passwords to unauthorized users who used them to access more sensitive information it held.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The web servers should have been programmed to control access to web users by authenticating their user certificates. The intruders easily became aware of all operations that the firm carried out internally and externally. Usernames, passwords and personal information of users should have been kept in a different highly secured database.
The systems should have been equipped to be able to verify sources and identities of users seeking access. The systems needed keys for all users that had access to the server. The administrators of the servers should have sensitized users to use passwords which are difficult to decipher.
Hackers became aware of the private details of clients and other external users the firm had regular contact with. Bibliofind needed to have access controls to its databases to limit the threat of intrusion or online attacks. The company’s databases contained privileged information which was not supposed to be displayed to unauthorized users.
The encryption solutions used should have been applied to all other areas with potential vulnerability such as the web servers, passwords, emails and the database. The encryption programs chosen by the company should have been vetted to ensure their suitability for the firm’s operations.
In conclusion, Bibliofind experienced major losses because of failure to secure its information systems. The company should have encrypted its systems to avoid being compromised by unauthorized users.