Background Information consisting of parent interviews and review of permanent records indicate that Mitchell was initially referred for special education and related services when he was eight years old due to low academics and behavioral concerns. He was found ineligible for services and has attended a general education classes ever since. He has remained in general education environment since the time.
Mitchell has a history of struggling academically. He is demonstrating noncompliant behavior by not turning in assignments and ignoring teaching requests and commands. Recently, he has started exhibiting emotional outbursts which causes a removal from the regular education setting. These outbursts interfere with his education as well as the education of other students in the class.
Description of Assessment Methods
Direct Observations of performance for three hours across six settings which included World History class, English 10 class, Algebra 1 class, art class, lunch and hall pass time.
Teacher Interviews utilizing a variation of the Functional Assessment Interview Form.
Educational records review, including child teacher support team file.
Functional Assessment Results
Kerr and Nelson (2010) point out that “educators are required to conduct an FBA when persistent behavioral concerns exist (FBA is commonly a part of the pre-referral and referral activities, and IEP development, review, and revision for misbehaving students) they are also required by law to conduct it within 10 days of any singular offense by a student with a disability that is punishable by:removal to an Interim Alternative Educational Setting” (Kerr, 2010). A functional assessment of behaviors of concern was conducted for this report using indirect (interviews) and descriptive (structured observation) methods. A topographical definition of the behaviors of concern was developed from interviews and then the behaviors of concern were observed utilizing a momentary time sampling. The antecedents, functions and consequences were then analyzed for this report based on recommended research standards in order to develop a hypothesis for the reasons for the behavior.
Demands placed on Mitchell in classroom.
Mitchell talks and ignores teacher instructions.
Teacher repeats instruction while asking Mitchell to comply with the request.
Teacher initiates classroom transition. “Turn in your warm up and take out your study guide for review.”
Mitchell says, “I don’t have my study guide” and then turns to talk to peer.
Teacher asks Mitchell to stop talking, and then asks him specifically to turn in his warm up.
Teacher gives copy of study guide to Mitchell, and tells him, “Fill this out as we review answers.”
Mitchell tosses paper on desk, and says, “Yea, right. Doesn’t make any difference if I do it or not. Screw you.”
Teacher ignored Mitchell’s comment and started review.
Class begins study guide review activity.
Mitchell talks to peer as teacher conducts lesson.
Teacher requests Mitchell remain quiet while review is going on unless he is answering a question about the review.
Teacher gives Mitchell choice of not talking during instruction or going to the hall.
Mitchell chooses to go to the hall.
Mitchell walks away from class and is written up for being in an unauthorized area.
Mitchell is given clay to work with.
Mitchell participates in activity without disrupting class.
Mitchell has clay formed and stored for use for next class period.
Algebra 1 class:
Teacher asks class to get out their assignment to be checked.
Mitchell is talking to peer and does not comply.
Teacher ignores Mitchell’s talking and Mitchell does not work on his assignment.
Mitchell is asked to remain silent and get his assignment out to pass in.
Mitchell replied, “I don’t have the damn assignment.” .
Mitchell is written up for insubordination and inappropriate use of language
Description of Behavior
(1) Emotional Outbursts:
Data Collection: Data were collected in five minute time sample recordings using a partial interval recording. A positive interval of this behavior was recorded if the behavior occurred at any time during the five minute interval. Data are reported using percentage of positively scored intervals.
Data Collection Outcome: This behavior was observed on two occasions once during English 10 and twice during World History. On the first occasion, the behavior occurred for 12 out of the 30 minute intervals. On the second occasion, the behavior occurred for 10 out of the 30 minutes intervals.
(2) Noncompliant behavior
Data Collection: Using the five minute time sample, this behavior occurred in three settings. On the first occasion the behavior occurred for 15 of the 30 minutes. On the second occasion, the behavior occurred during the entire 30 minutes. On the third occasion, the behavior occurred for 10 of 10 minutes.
In an antecedent analysis, one tries to identify the events, situations and circumstances that set the occasion for a higher likelihood of the behavior and those that set the occasion for a lower likelihood. Analysis of these variables allows a more specific intervention as well as identification of environmental mediators to more fully assess the maintaining variables (Scott, T., Anderson, C.,
Teaching and Learning Online: Reflection
Teaching and Learning Online In this reflection, I will capture a few of my thoughts that have changed my views the most. Although there was far more that I reflected on in my learning journal, I will focus on the main topics that interest me to take forward into my teaching.
I found the initial orientation between different tools confusing, as I had been using Blackboard for everything previously. Moving to Canvas was good as it has a friendlier feel, less institutional, more laidback, which helped in feeling freer to informally chat. This helped create a sense of community.
The wiki was initially overwhelming, now, as there are all the course materials and assignments kept there, I see it as a fantastic repository of shared knowledge, I shall use this idea in the future on teacher training courses.
I was tentative about the online sessions as I had previous negative experiences of these and wondered if it was ever possible for the technical aspects to be overcome as Schrum