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Friendship’s Philosophical Description Essay

“A friend in need is a friend in deed.” This well known quote can best define the aspect of friendship. It is almost impossible to give a specific definition of friendship since it is defined by values and like most relationships it is mainly based on intimacy between two parties. Aristotle defined friendship as one soul existing in two bodies signifying that for true friendship there must be mutual understanding, love and compassion.

Friendship can be best defined by the interactions that exist between two parties. In order for a friendship to exist, the two parties must demonstrate first and foremost a willingness to ensure that only the best occurs to their counterpart. Another important aspect of friendship is that there should be mutual understanding and compassion as the Greek philosopher, Epicurus, once wrote “It is not so much our friends’ help that helps us as the confident knowledge that they will help us.”

For a relationship to be termed as a friendship, honesty is an important factor. The honesty that defines a friendship should be that which one is able to point out the faults of the other party even though it may be hard. Cicero, a Roman philosopher, believed that for a true friendship to exist; honesty, trust and truth where of the utmost importance. He also believed that in order for friendship to exist, the parties should also act for the best interest of each other and should never act in order to receive any form of repayment.

A friendship usually develop when two parties usually with common interest meet and interact on a regular basis and acting according to the aforementioned aspects that defines a friendship. Friendships are usually hard to form as most people are reserved and meeting people with common interest may be difficult.

Friendships between two individuals can also be defined in terms of love. Two types of love usually exist, platonic and romantic love. Platonic love is that relationship or friendship that does not involve sexual activities while romantic love is a type of friendship between two people and is mainly defined by sexual interactions.

Friendships are not confined to human beings as also nations may form friendships between each other. In this sense, two nation form relationships that serve to the best interest of each other that includes enhancing trade relationships, providing mutual protection and providing help when necessary, financial or otherwise.

Friendships form the basis of most relationships and have been attributed to good physical and mental health. Good friendships not only ensure that an individual is happy but also provides mental stability and general well-being. Good friendships are usually based on a supportive system that ensures that the individuals are there when needed, provide sound advice and provides a shoulder to lean on when one is in need.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Various cultures define friendships in different way, in the western world, many rules define friendships and due to the fact that most relationships have been sexualized sharing of emotions between two friends especially males is considered a taboo. In the eastern world friendships are usually reserved and emotions are mainly repressed.

In Africa, relationships usually form the basis of life and friendships are respected and usually intense. It is common for friends to leave the care of their families to each other when one is not around.

Friendship is one of the hardest terms to define as usually most friendships may take different form. The essence of friendship lies in trust, mutual understanding and honesty but some friendships may exist without any of the above aspects. Some friendships are formed solely for the purpose of mutual benefits an example is the relationships between two criminals. Most of these parties do not trust each other but coexist with each other in order to finish a given activity.

Psychological disorder Analytical Essay

Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents The medical model

Psychosocial Approach

DSM-IV-TR

Reference

In a study by Myers (2008), ‘‘Psychological disorder is an enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings and actions that is abnormal, distressful and dysfunctional’’. In this definition, defiant behavior reflects divergence from regular way of life. An example of a deviant behavior is a person who has decided to go on a shooting spree.

This is an abnormal behavior but to qualify it as a psychological disorder, then it must cause distress to the person in question or those in the vicinity. An extreme level of distress is dangerous since it can lead to suicide.

Also incorporated in the definition of a psychological disorder is its dysfunctional concept. An explicit example of a dysfunctional behavior is a student who does not respond to questions in a classroom environment. Such a student is against the normal participatory learning evident in class. In this sense, such a behavior which tempers with daily operations is termed as a disorder.

The medical model Intense medical research reveals that syphilis has an adverse effect on the brain. This finding prompted further scientific research to unearth the reasons behind vast mental disorder. The research also aimed at discovering probable treatment for mental disorder. Medical model came as a substitute to mad-houses. It operates by running a diagnosis based on symptoms.

The medical cure for mental disorder is the use of therapeutic measures available in a hospital setting such as psychiatric hospital. Latest research findings bring to light contribution made by abnormal brain development to disorders. Furthermore, biochemistry plays a role in the normal operation of life.

Psychosocial Approach This approach justifies the role of Biology in psychological disorder. It strictly alienates itself from environment availed by a given society, culture and past description of a person. Myers (2008) visibly points out interactivity of society, psychology, culture and biology in the formation of specific opinions, feelings and deeds.

This means that environmental factors in conjunction with thoughts, habits and shared expertise have a pivotal role in forming a psychological disorder structure. People in a varied social- cultural background experience different levels and kinds of stress which may lead to disorder. For this reason, they invent their own ways of counteracting the stress.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A common observation about disorders is its anxiety level. On the contrary, disorders demonstrate diverse symptoms depending on cultures. To elaborate on this point is a scrutiny by Myers (2008), ‘‘that anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa occur mostly in North America and other Western cultures’’.

An observable disorder occurring world wide is depression and schizophrenia which are characterized by illogical behavior. The victim also speaks unsteadily. All factors considered, we can conclude that biopsychosocial stand requires an in-depth understanding not only of genetic make up but also of community, culture, physiology, and inner psychology of a person.

DSM-IV-TR The aim of DSM-IV-TR is to describe a disorder and make a rough approximation of the number of times they transpire. The five axes of the DSM-IV-TR assist clinician in diagnosing psychological disorder. These axes as researched by Myers (2008) are:

Is the clinical syndrome present?

Is a personality disorder or mental retardation present?

Is a general medical condition such as diabetes, hypertension or arthritis also present?

Are psychosocial or environmental problems such as school or housing issues also present?

What is the global assessment of this persons functioning?

One of the advantages attached to DSM-IV-TR is its reliability level. This means that a diagnosis made by one psychologist will give the same result as the one made by different psychologist or health worker not to mention a psychiatrist. The labels by DSM-IV-TR assist mental health professionals to explain the causes of mental disorders and be able to find treatment.

However, DSM-IV-TR has been criticized for including many behaviors on the range of analysis. To add on this, as the number of disorder categories increase, many adults are seen to fit in. Other complaints relates to the labels which reflects the judgment by society and may distort the actual reality. An example is a person classified or labeled as humble when in reality is an arrogant individual. This person will always assume a humble behavior as expected by the society and not that real arrogant individual.

Reference Myers, D. (2008). Psychology in Everyday life. New York, NY: worth Publishers.

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