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Example of Fair Trade – Trade System Analytical Essay

Table of Contents Introduction: Fair Trade

Goals of Fair Trade

How it works

Fair Trade Coffee

Example of Fair Trade in Sugar

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction: Fair Trade In business, fair trade is a structured social movement and market-based system whose fundamentals lie in exchange of ideas, transparency, and respect aimed at promoting equity in international trade. Fairtrade plays an important role in the social and economic lives of people.

For example, fair trade promotes sustainable development through enhanced trading conditions and ensures that marginalized manufacturers and workforce, especially from developing countries enjoy their rights.

Through fair trade, manufacturers and workers can sell their products at a higher price in addition to improved social and environmental standards. Under a fair trade system, developing countries get an opportunity to export goods such as coffee, bananas, tea, chocolate, gold, sugar, handicrafts, and flowers to developed countries thus promoting international trade.

Today, there are so many fair trade organizations dedicated to the mission of promoting good business among various countries. Together with consumers, these trade fair organizations engage in activities that raise trade awareness, support producers and change the manner of operation of conservative intercontinental trade.

In most cases, the concept of fair trade goes past trading to ensure that justice prevails in international trade. Besides, fair trade emphasizes the alteration of various operations and policies of conventional trade to promote equity in the business (What is Fair Trade? p.1).

Goals of Fair Trade The prime mission of fair trade is to promote sustainable development and enhance trading conditions. Nevertheless, the mission itself is not enough to ensure sustainable development and better trade conditions. The goals of fair trade provide a solid foundation under which countries exchange ideas of international trade.

So far, there are five primary goals of international trade common in many countries. The first goal of fair trade is to improve the livelihood and welfare of manufacturers through refining market accessibility and empowering producer groups.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, paying an equivalent amount for the goods and endorsing continuity among international trade stakeholders will improve the livelihoods and welfare of producers. Secondly, fair trade aims to prop up development opportunities for underprivileged manufacturers, particularly women and aboriginal persons and prevents opportunists from taking advantage of children participating in the production process.

The third goal of fair trade is to create awareness among the class of consumers to apply their purchasing power optimistically to curb the adverse effects on manufacturers who participate in iniquitous international trade. Fourthly, fair trade aims to promote ethical trade partnership through discourse, lucidity, and reverence.

Additionally, through social impartiality, economic protection and sustainable standards brought by fair trade, marginalized and indigenous people are in a position to enjoy their human rights. Lastly, fair trade aims to alter the statutes and practices of conventional international trade to improve trading conditions (Hayes, 450-468).

How it works Under a fair trade system, numerous merchants, producers, and organizations involve themselves in the exchange of Fair Trade products. Nevertheless, to facilitate fair trade, consumers ought to purchase products that have the mark or logo of fair trade. Noticeably, the fair trade system involves independent international principles and parameters, which assures producers that their commodities are of great us in foreign countries.

In a fair trade system, consumers and producers have a common agenda, that is, to build up a commercial relationship based on mutual support and reliance. This forces every consumer or producer to stick to the established criteria of a particular trade fair organization.

Take for example a trade fair for coffee. The buyer and the producer fix a price under which coffee of specific measurements will trade. Therefore, the buyer must oblige to buy coffee at a Fair Price so long as the price remains stable. It is vital to note that under fair trade, the cost of products represents the living wage; hence, justice even to the marginalized and indigenous people.

Furthermore, consumers must assist producers in implementing a long-term business plan, which guarantees potential progress and investment in individual farms. On the other hand, the producer has no otherwise except to provide excellent working conditions, protection and ample health standards to the workforce. At all circumstances, to ensure equity, a democratic process must dominate the sale of fair trade premiums.

We will write a custom Essay on Example of Fair Trade – Trade System specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Additionally, producers commit themselves to produce goods under environmentally friendly techniques, which guarantee sustainable development. Lastly, both the consumer and the producer oblige to observe human rights at all levels to promote social justice and transparency (Renard, 87-96).

Fair Trade Coffee Among the very many goods that undergo fair trade exhibition is coffee. Lucky enough, there are so many coffee growers around the world. Most developing countries rely on coffee as the bulwark of their economy. Once the farmers grow coffee, they expect a better price once they sell it.

However, this is not the case. Most farmers end up receiving low prices for their coffee, which is less as compared to the cost of production. Eventually, many farmers end up languishing in abject poverty and constant debts. To snatch farmers out of this crisis, fair trade provides a viable solution.

A fair trade system starts with the farmer as the principal producer. For example, the farmer in Ethiopia employs a workforce to harvest coffee and pays them wages for every pound of coffee harvested. The farmers will then sell the coffee to a local cooperative for washing and drying.

It is essential to the note that the farmer is a member of the cooperative as part of the fair trade criteria. The local Ethiopian cooperative will then measure and pack coffee of specific measurements (pounds) and export it to Alternative Trading Organizations (ATOs) in developed nations.

Typically, there is a fixed price of selling coffee to developing countries or alternative trading organizations, that is, US$1.26 per pound. This is one of the requirements of trade fair certification. An importer must comply with the fixed price. Otherwise, there is no fair trade certification.

Also, the importer should provide additional expenses in the form of a credit to producers and technical expertise, which will help farmers to transform their inorganic farming into organic farming to achieve better yields.

The Alternative Trading Organizations also participates in the production process by roasting and packaging coffee before vending it to the final consumer under retail channels or established ATO vending mechanisms. Thus, fair trade of coffee means more to farmers as it enhances their livelihoods and welfare ranging from education to health to community development (Global Exchange, p.1).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Example of Fair Trade – Trade System by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Example of Fair Trade in Sugar Another trade fair is that of the sugar production industry. Most developed countries like the United States grow sugar that is insufficient for consumption. For instance, the internally produced sugar in the United States caters for 80 percent of its use. This means that there is an additional 20 percent consumption fulfilled through importation from developing countries.

However, the dilapidating international market prices, poor working conditions, and environmental deprivation pose severe challenges to farmers in developing countries.

Nonetheless, fair trade sugar ensures that cane farmers from developing countries get reasonable prices for their commodity. Also, fair trade in sugar establishes a trade connection between farmers and importers. Moreover, the money realized from the sale of sugar to importers enables farmers to improve their livelihoods besides improving their yields (BBC News, p.1).

In conventional non-fair trade farms, farmers spray their sugar cane with pesticides without following standards. In some of these farms, farmers burn the left sugar crops without taking in mind the impacts of pollution.

However, in trade fair farms, farmers ought to adhere to the standards of spraying pesticides and herbicides and other environmental protection measures aimed at preserving the ecosystem and provide ecological value.

Research shows that farmers who sell their sugar cane to certified fair trade organizations enjoy higher fair trade prices on top of receiving expertise on sugar cane production sustainable techniques.

In the recent past, importers have opted to import sugar placed under fair trade thus extending more profits to the producers. This is because the final consumers want to consume socially responsible commodities to raise the standards of the poor under the social justice system.

It is also imperative to note that the fair trade price of goods under this system do not change so much as vending agents must adhere to the standards and rules of selling (Fair Trade Certified Sugar, p.1).

Conclusion A fair trade system is vital to the farmer as it enables farmers to receive better pay for their products. Since the inception of this system, sugarcane and coffee farmers have significantly benefitted from the associated higher prices.

Besides, the products under fair trade system do not have excessive amounts of pesticides and always exhibit quality wanted by many consumers. Notably, the consumption of products bearing the trademark logo of fair trade not only helps to support the small farmer but also raising the living standards of many families in developing countries.

Works Cited BBC News. Tate

Water Quality Issues in Developing Countries Analytical Essay

Nursing Assignment Help The linkage between water quality and public health is derived from the fact that unsafe water is responsible for causing a variety of waterborne diseases, such as cholera, typhoid, and dysentery, which claims the lives of an estimated 5 million people annually – 6,000 children everyday (NRDC, 2008).

According to WHO (2010), the quality of drinking water is a foundation for the prevention and control of waterborne ailments, thus water quality is a critical environmental determinant of health for populations using the water.

Water that is contaminated with chemicals or bacteria can compromise the state of public health by increasing the risks of various disease outbreaks.

Due to inadequate or ineffective water treatment policies in most developing countries, drinking water often gets contaminated with chemicals and bacteria from industrial wastes, pesticides, and untreated human waste (NRDC, 2008), setting the stage for the outbreak of notable waterborne diseases as is presently happening in Haiti after the devastating earthquake that occasioned the contamination of drinking water with human effluent.

Some water pollutants carry disease-causing agents such as E. coli, giardia, and the typhoid bacteria, which have been known to cause potentially fatal diseases.

NRDC (2008) notes that an estimated 3 million children perish each year due to waterborne diseases, 90 percent dying before celebrating their 5th birthday as a direct consequence of their weak immunity systems. Contaminated water is also known to cause skin lesions, cardiac conditions, and several types of cancer.

According to Markandya (2004), “…unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in high-mortality developing countries” (p. 3).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As such, it can be argued that the quality of water is a foremost determinant of the health of populations globally. Indeed, water is a fundamental component of public health, and failure to avail clean water to people in need places a heavy burden on the entire population (Massoud et al., 2010)

Water quality and quantity concerns in the U.S. are remarkably different from concerns raised by a typical developing country. Although various challenges to water quality have been posed (Ashok, 1998), the U.S. has implemented a multiplicity of measures aimed at improving the quality of water, such as source water protection, waste water treatment, water treatment, and effective waste management practices.

Lack of adequate resources and political will continue to compromise efforts geared towards ensuring water quality in most developing nations. In terms of quantity, one of the foremost issue facing developing countries is lack of enough water to meet basic human needs (Markandya, 2004).

Developing countries often contends with the ever-present challenge of chemical and biological water contamination, arising from improper waste disposal and water treatment mechanisms (NRDC, 2008).

This issue has been largely brought under control in the U.S., though some challenges have been reported. However, it should be noted that the issue of water contamination continues to adversely affect the level of water quality in most developing countries. The issue of high water contamination gives rise to rampant outbreak of waterborne diseases.

According to Ashok (1998), waterborne diseases continue to cause high incidences of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Massoud et al (2010) notes that “…in developing countries, nearly 80% of all diseases are linked to water and sanitation” (p. 24). The U.S. and other developed countries have managed to control the issue of waterborne diseases by putting in place effective strategies, policies, and systems of ensuring water quality.

Water quality and quantity issues in the African country of Kenya have taken a centre stage in the government’s efforts to enhance public health. This is after the realization that a sizeable population of children below age 5 were dying annually of curable diarrheal conditions contracted through drinking unsafe water (Ashok, 1998).

We will write a custom Essay on Water Quality Issues in Developing Countries specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The country’s budget has for years been burdened by the frequent outbreaks of waterborne diseases due to rampant biological contamination from leaking human sewer pipes and chemical contamination from factories and other installations that directs their effluence into rivers and waterbeds.

Inadequate disposal of human and animal excrement continues to be blamed for massive water contamination in the country, putting many lives at risk. The magnitude of the mortality and morbidity from waterborne ailments is one of the country’s principal environmental health threats to millions of people.

The growth and development of children in the country has been adversely affected by frequent episodes of diarrheal diseases. In rainy seasons, for instance, the country is forced to put up with huge economic costs stemming from lost adult productivity occasioned by waterborne diarrheal diseases (Ashok, 1998).

Community members are forced to shoulder extra healthcare costs as they seek treatment for diseases caused by unsafe drinking water. In equal measure, the quantity of drinking water that can be considered safe for human consumption is barely enough due to population pressure and urban migration.

Reference List Ashok, G. (1998). Drinking water in developing countries. Annual Review of Energy

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