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Ethics in Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Essay

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is widely sought and used in the world today. A number of debatable issues arise due to this practice and maybe the most notable is the case of Nadya Suleman. A big part of the public is of the opinion that regulations should be in place to ensure that the rights of the fetus or babies are not violated.

Sometimes in the practice of ART doctors and their clients defy the regulations and ethics as many may argue was the case of Nadya the octuplets mom.

Antonowicz (2009) tells Nadya’s story. She was a 33 year old single mother of six who delivered in vitro fertilized octuplets. Growing up, Nadya was the only child of an emotionally detached mother who herself had grown up in a dysfunctional family and a father who wanted a bigger family.

In her own words Nadya describes her childhood as lonely, and admits to an obsession to have babies. Clearly Nadya wanted to fill her world with babies as a compensation for the brothers and sisters she never had.

Nadya Suleman was jobless at the time she delivered her octuplets. Already a mother of six whom she could not comfortably provide for, Nadya had eight more children knowing well that it was beyond her means to provide them with not only materially but also love and the parental care they needed.

Three of her children had learning disabilities. Nadya Suleman’s actions can be defined as anything but ethical, her obsession with big a family is the only reason why she was giving birth.

Dr Michael Kamrava implanted Nadya with six embryos; there was a split later that resulted in a total of eight. Caplan (2007) posts that multiple births are considered an unavoidable consequence of assisted reproductive technology because implanting more embryos increases the chances of a life birth.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The above statement could mean that what Dr Kamrava did was within standards, but yet again Nadya’s case was different, she only wanted one more child. Dr. Kamrava was aware of her in vitro history and that all the embryos might have survived following her previous in vitro experiences which had high success rate.

There was also a possibility of a split resulting in more than six embryos. The recommended number of embryo implantation in the US for women under the age of 35 years is two (Antonowicz, 2009). Dr Michael Kamrava implanted 33 year old Nadya with six.

According to Rosato (2006) multiple births pose higher risks to the health of the mother and foetus. Children born in single births have higher birth weight, mortality rates are higher in multiple births and the risk of babies born with congenial birth defects is higher in multiple births.

Three of the six of Nadya’s older children had learning disabilities yet her doctor went ahead with a multiple implantation knowing that the babies were at a higher risk of being born with defects.

Conclusion Dr Michael Kamrava was wrong when he implanted Nadya Suleman with six embryos. In the first place it is against the US regulations of in vitro fertilization for a woman of age under 35 years to be implanted with more than 2 embryos unless under special circumstances, which was not the case.

Nadya was already a mother of six; the doctor became an accomplice who helped Nadya exploit her children and right to motherhood just to feed her obsession. By risking not only the lives of the octuplets but also that of the mother, the doctor acted unethically.

Reference List Antonowicz, A. (2009). Octuplets mum Nadya Suleman: My amazing story. Retrieved from

We will write a custom Essay on Ethics in Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Caplan, L. Fiester, A.

The Ethical Code in Provider-Patient Relationship Compare and Contrast Essay

Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Responsibility to the public

Delivery of health education

Research and evaluation


Works Cited

A nurse, in all medical disciplines, practices with concern and respect for the dignity, worth, and distinctiveness of each individual, regardless of the socioeconomic status, personal characteristics, or the nature of the health condition (NursingWorld 1).

The health education profession, on the other hand, is committed to the excellence in the practice of sustaining overall health (National Commission for Health Education Credentialing [NCHEC], Inc., par. 1).

The author asserts further that it is the duty of health educators to seek the optimal standards of conduct and to motive the ethical behaviour of health providers including the nurses.

This paper will seek to compare and contrast the ethical responsibility of the nurse with those of the health educator. It is important to consider the difference in the job description of these professions.

Health educator’s responsibility is majorly focused on public education with the aim of supporting, sustaining and improving the overall health (NCHEC, par. 2); whereas, the nurse is primarily focused on the health, safety, and rights of the patient.

Responsibility to the public NCHEC, (par. 2) argues that when a conflict of interest emerges among persons, teams, organizations, agencies or institutions, the health educators must take into account all the concerns and accord priority to those that support wellbeing and live standards through values of autonomy and freedom of decision for the individual.

Similarly, in this regard the nurse is obliged to sustain, safeguard, and support the moral and legal rights of the patient to autonomy (Hook 4).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, in case the patient is not in position to make decisions, a surrogate decision-maker has to be consulted on his or her behalf. Generally, sustaining autonomy also translates to appreciation that certain cultures disregard individualism and place more weight on the family or community ethics in matters pertaining decision-making.

Delivery of health education The health educators support integrity in the provision of health education. In achieving this goal they ensure that they respect the privileges, dignity, worth and privacy of every persons by implementing strategies and procedures to satisfy the needs of various communities and populations (NCHEC, par. 5).

In this concern, nurses are indirectly involved and apply to specific circumstances. Based on the nursing code of ethics, nurses are advocate and leaders in upholding humane and dignified care delivery.

For instance, nurses are experienced, knowledgeable, and decisive about the palliative care and should be actively take part in relevant study, education, performance, and policy development (Hook 8).

Research and evaluation Another aspect of health educators’ ethics concerns research and evaluation. Health educators promote the health being of the communities as well as the profession through research and assessments practice.

When arranging and carrying out research or assessment, they do so according to the requirements of the state and federal laws, institut6ional and organizational policies, and professional principles (NCHEC, par. 6).

Similarly, according to NursingWorld (6), nurses in administration, research, and education have responsibilities to the patient.

We will write a custom Essay on The Ethical Code in Provider-Patient Relationship specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Nurses in such domains have indirect relationships with the patients in the sense that, they share responsibilities with those who they supervise and instruct. Moreover, the nurse must refrain from illicit practices or delegating duties against profession practice acts.

Conclusion The ethical code focuses largely on health care delivery, although the level of care delivery is dependent on various organizational circumstances. Because of this relation, health educator’s ethical code should be tailored to the nursing code of ethic, so that nurses are in a position meet the needs of the recipient of the care.

Works Cited Hook, Kevin, D.