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Effects of Physical Education on Brain Report

There are some differences between a male and a female brain. Females are known to be excellent in solving problems involving languages. On the other hand, males are fair well in tasks involving arithmetic analysis. These are just some of the differences between a boy and a girl. Sometimes these differences, whether knowingly or not, can result in discrimination when teaching (Ratey, 2008).

There are various ways a teacher can overcome these differences. For example during a physical education lesson, boys would generally perform better than girls. Therefore, the teacher must be careful not to protect the girls, since the objective of the lesson might not be met. In a language lesson, girls would generally perform better than boys. In this case, the teacher should give group assignments, so that they can learn from each other. Both boys and girls should be in each group (Ratey, 2008).

Physical movement increases a child’s performance in subjects like mathematics, science and languages. Other benefits that come from physical movement include improved reading skills, positive attitude towards education and improved intelligence. Other than academic benefits, exercise strengthens muscles as well as some vital parts of the brain such as cerebellum and basal ganglia. Physical movement assist in the circulation of oxygen to the brain, thus enhancing development of neurons (Ratey, 2008).

Throughout America, many schools have reduced hours and resources allocated to physical education. This is because, some schools have the notion that students would be better prepared, if they dedicate most of their time in the curriculum. In other schools, importance of physical education has not been well emphasized. Instead, a lot of attention has been given to major sports such as football and basketball. Since not all students are good in these sports, they are usually left out (Villaire, 2000).

Exercise has been known to cure depression and enhance memory. To be precise, it causes the discharge of some neurotransmitters that ease mental and bodily pain. The inner ear system and sensory-motor system are among the first body systems to mature once a person is born. During exercise, impulses go back and forth from vestibular and motor sensory. This type of interaction is vital for learning since it helps students maintain balance and improve coordination in movements.

The kind of exercise encouraged here is spinning, which can be achieved in a merry go round. A chemical known as Brian-Derived Neurotrophic Factor is released by brain during a physical activity. This chemical produces and safeguards new neurons. These neurons are usually created in a place called the hippocampus, which happens to be the section of the brain involved in learning and storage of memory (Stevens, 2008).

The functioning of anterior cingulate suggests the existence of a connection between learning and movement. Studies have shown that lack of movement causes poor ties between various sections of brain and cerebellum. Cerebellum is part of the brain involved with emotional cleverness.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More People move because the brain sends signals to various muscles of the brain. These movements are controlled by cerebellum or ganglia. However, when a person engages in a completely new type of movement, the prefrontal cortex is stimulated. The prefrontal cortex is responsible for solving problems and analysing. This area is stimulated because the brain has no record of the new movement. Continuous stimulation of this part will eventually lead to improved learning capabilities (Stevens, 2008).

Long working hours, misuse of drugs and bad diet have all been blamed for the increasing cases of depression. During depression, the pre-frontal cortex is usually inactive. When these conditions continue for a long time, it can lead to aggression, poor eyesight, nervousness, abuse of drugs and difficulty in learning. One of the most effective ways of treating depression is by exercising on a regular basis (Johnsgard, 2004).

When some neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine and serotonin are few, depression might occur. Serotonin and BDNF have a mutual kind of relationship. The level of one chemical influences the level of the other one. Presence of BDNF increases the production rate of serotonin. Regular exercise elevates the level of such neurotransmitters in the body, by exciting the sympathetic nervous system.

It has been found out that when exercise is combined with antidepressants, the stress level is reduced significantly. The combination of BDNF produced while exercising and antidepressants, quickens recovery (Johnsgard, 2004). It has been observed that depressed people have a smaller hippocampus.

The smaller the hippocampus, the more the person is depressed. This situation can be reversed by exercise. Exercise generates BDNF which in turn stimulates the growth of neurons, the numerous neurons formed increase the size of the hippocampus, thereby reducing depression (Johnsgard, 2004).

In conclusion, physical education is as important as any other lesson in the school. Many schools have realized the importance of movement, and they are bringing it back to their programme. Apart from the many benefits, exercising is fun. People laugh and talk a lot during physical movement. This creates strong bonds between people, and most importantly, it gives an opportunity to improve social skills.

References Johnsgard, K. (2004). Conquering Depression and Anxiety Through Exercise. New York: Prometheus Books.

We will write a custom Report on Effects of Physical Education on Brain specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ratey, J. J. (2008). Spark: The Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain. New York: Little, Brown and Company.

Stevens, T. A. (2008). The importance of physical activity and physical education in the prediction of academic achievement. Journal of Sport Behavior 3(2), 36-50.

Villaire, T. (2000, May 15). Decline of Physical Activity. Retrieved from National PTA:

Housing, Recreational Areas and Bathing Facilities Safety Problem Solution Essay

Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Lead-based paints

Effects of lead in human beings


Remedies to peeling lead-based paints and moulds

Protecting the health of swimmers



Any place that human beings dwell in should be in condition that it does not pose any health risks or dehumanises in anyway. In short, this implies that living house should live up to the set state guidelines for instance, should be habitable during cold seasons, have clean drinking water and be hygienically on form (Kemp, 1999). Among the issues, that contravenes these rules and makes a house uninhabitable are lead-base paints and moulds.

Lead-based paints Painting purpose is to add aesthetic value and give a beautiful and relaxing ambience to our homes but some paints for example Lead-based paints used in painting walls in some dwelling houses are harmful to human health.

Peelings of lead-based paints from old, deteriorating or poorly maintained apartment wall surfaces exposes occupants of such apartments to health risks. Inhabitants get exposure to lead poisoning mainly through ingesting of falling paint chips especially young children and inhaling of lead dust that grinds and piles on from peelings of painted doors and windows.

Effects of lead in human beings Lead has several health effects, which include, causing of anaemia. When lead enter the blood stream it destroys the red blood cells, which are responsible for oxygen transportation in the body. Lead also causes brain damage especially in young children, high blood pressure, delayed growth, kidney damages, and sperm damage resulting to infertility in men among many other health effects.

Moulds Moulds are type of fungi and have the ability of growing on almost every surface if provided with the right conditions that is wetness and high humidity levels in the air. A mould releases tiny spores in the air and thus exposing dwellers through breathing in contaminated air.

Touching and eating of items or foods with moulds is another way that exposes an individual to moulds. Moulds do not pose healthy worries to healthy individuals. However, people who are allergic or have respiratory problems have all the reason to worry about as they are at risk of suffering from irritations, running noses, skin diseases, lung congestion and asthma.

Remedies to peeling lead-based paints and moulds According my mandate and obligation as an environmental health inspector, I would enforce the set regulation on public health and safety. As the saying goes ‘prevention is better than cure’, I would concentrate much on advising the low-income generating tenants on how to deal with the above health threats.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This will include, immediate cleaning of dropping paint chips, maintaining thorough cleanliness of walls and windows surfaces frequently, informing of landlords of peeling paints, checking and stopping sources of wetness, warming of houses to keep off moulds, and washing children hands before eating among others.

Protecting the health of swimmers Recreational swimming pool are becoming a common thing in social areas but if not taken well care swimming pool waters can be a health threat due to causing and spreading diseases. The pool water usually undergoes treatment process to ensure that the water is clean and safe for consumers. There are several processes used to treat swimming pool water, which include chlorination and ozonation.

Conclusion So far, most people consider chlorination the common way of treating and disinfecting. It is a reliable ability of eradicating water borne diseases. However, chlorination method has been related to several health hazards due to chlorine compounds such as chloramines, a substance that causes cancer, red eye and skin rashes, which results from, by products of chlorine.

Ozonation on the hand is a technology that has proven highly in reducing organic load in water hence making swimming waters safe for consumers and even pool attendants. Nonetheless, ozonation system machine are expensive when considered as preferred method of water treatment compared to chlorination.

Finally, I would recommend a combination of the two process of water treatment in recreational swimming pools and spas to ensure maximum the health of general consumers. I would also give advice the pool attendants to use small amounts of chlorine to reduce its risks in cases where the owners opt for chlorination.

Reference Kemp, K. (1999, December 14). The Implied Law of Habitability. Web.