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Edward William Lane’s Views on the Orients Term Paper

Table of Contents Introduction

Lane’s views on the Orient

The orient’s culture, traditions and beliefs

The People of Egypt


Works Cited

Introduction Edward William Lane was born on September 1801 in Hereford, England. He was a British national popularly known for his massive contribution in the research about the people of ancient Near East. He was an excellent lexicographer and a translator. Lane’s father, Dr. Theusand Lane, died when Edward Lane was still a young boy.

He was left an orphan at a tender age of 13 years, and his uncle, Gainsborough took care of him. The uncle sent him to a school at Bath to learn grammar. He was later transferred to Hereford which was considered a better school. At this early stage of learning, Lane showed a strong interest in Mathematics.

Although the teachers ignored this talent as just a normal case of a genius student, his uncle was convinced that he had some special academic capacity that put him above any other average learner. When he completed his elementary learning, Lane visited Cambridge. The uncle wanted him to continue with his education at this school which then had a good reputation. However, he did not join Cambridge. Instead, he decided to join his brother in London (Lane 26).

While in London, Lane started developing a special interest in Arabic. He thought that there was something unique about the Arabs, making them have their own unique cultural practices. Through his own initiatives, he started learning Arabic. It was not easy for him to learn Arabic because he did not have a teacher to guide him. However, he was able to learn this language. He went to Alexandria in Egypt in 1825 aged 24 years.

He then moved to Cairo later in the same year. It was while staying in Cairo that he developed a strong interest in studying way of life of people in this region. He started by translating books and other works of literature in this society from Arabic to English. From 1960, he started publishing several books, most of which were based on the lifestyle of the people of Egypt. This research will focus on Edward Lanes work in order determine his view on the orients as demonstrated in his book, ‘Description of Egypt.’

Lane’s views on the Orient As a young scholar, Lane had developed a strong interest in understanding the orients. As Lane (90) notes, his scholarly work about the orients made him one of the most successful Arab scholars of his time. He dedicated his time in analyzing people, customs, traditions, manners, and other practices of the orients in order to eliminate what he believed was a misconception about these people by the Western society.

Lane was convinced that there had been an unfair prejudice against the orient by the Western powers, and for this reason, he believed that the best he could do would be to offer an insight into the actual practices of these people. As Said (67) says, the West viewed the orients from two main perspectives. The orients were known for their production of oil and for terrorism.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the Western society, especially in his home country England and also in the United States, the orients were either terrorists or suppliers of oil. Lane believed that this was a misguided conception of an otherwise sober people who were determined to lead a peaceful life with their neighbors and other people around the world. He dug into the culture, traditions, and manners of the orients in order to dispel some of the long held myths about the orients.

The orient’s culture, traditions and beliefs When Lane entered Cairo, he was convinced that the orients were not as bad people as they had been depicted by the Western society. He believed that they were just as good as people from the West. His affection for the orients was demonstrated when he changed his dressing code from what he used to wear, to a new attire that was common in this region.

During this time, the orients were known for their unique dressing code. The dressing code itself was a source of prejudice from the Western culture. As a man who had grown up in a Western culture, Lane knew all the criticism that the society in the West had towards the orients.

However, he had a different view of these people. He believed in them, and that is why he changed his dress-code to reflect the lifestyle of these people. As demonstrated in his book, ‘Description of Egypt’, Lane shows a strong desire to give a true analysis of the orients in order to dispel some of the beliefs that the society had associated them with over the years.

As a man who had been raised in a British society, Lane decided to change his lifestyle and become an orient, from speech, dress code, practices, and in language. He notes that when he changed his mannerism to reflect that of the oriental, these people easily accepted him as part of their members of the society. He noted that the orients, just like people from the West, had normal beliefs and practices that were based on environmental factors.

Just like the Western societies, the orients had developed mistrust with the people of the West. He had to disguise himself as part of the orients in order be accepted in this society. He notes that the orients were even more tolerant in their mannerism than the Western societies. In the United States and Europe, Lane explains that the mistrust that they had towards the orients was deeply rooted and it would not be able to convince them otherwise.

However, the orients were warm and welcoming. They easily accepted him as part of them when he adopted their culture. In explaining the mannerism of the orients, Lane says that they had been subject of prejudice from the Western societies. This lack of trust by the West, and constant prejudice made them develop some form of defense mechanism that made them mistrust the West in equal measures.

We will write a custom Term Paper on Edward William Lane’s Views on the Orients specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The People of Egypt Most of Lane’s work was based on the people of Egypt. He was trying to reconstruct the ancient Near East cultural practices in order to determine any relationship it had with the terrorism tag that the modern generation had earned. The more he studied the Egyptian culture, language, dress-code, and mannerism, the more he came to approve of them over other Western cultural practices.

In fact he was keen to dissociate himself from the Europeans in Cairo who insisted on retaining the Western mannerisms. He argued that the Egyptian attire, just like that of many other orients in the Middle East, was full of respect as opposed to that of people from the Western culture. In his book, Lane was more sympathetic of the people of Egypt than being a defender of their culture.

Although he did all he could to identify himself with them, deep within himself he still believed that he was not part of them. He believed that he was from the West, but had a calling to defend the people from the East. He praised the communal structure of the people of Egypt. He was also pleased by the willingness of members of this society to offer help to other members of the society who were facing varying problems. This was very rare in the Western society where people were preoccupied with personal gains.

Conclusion Edward Lane was one of the most accomplished British oriental scholars of his time. He did extensive analysis of the orients to determine their cultural practices, beliefs, and general way of life. He concluded that the orients were not as bad as the West was trying to portray them to be.

Lane’s view of the orients is closely shared by Edward Said who believed that the orients were people of good ethics as opposed to what the West were trying to depict of them. Just like Lane, Said was critical of the West’s perception that the orients were either terrorists or suppliers of oil. Said noted that this was a narrow thinking, which lacked facts that could be used to support it. Instead, Said says that orients are normal people with ethics just like the people of the West. This is an opinion strongly held by Lane in most of his books.

Works Cited Lane, Edward. Description of Egypt: Notes and Views in Egypt and Nubia, Made During the Years 1825, 26, 27, and 28; Chiefly Consisting of a Series of Descriptions and Delineations of the Monuments, Scenery

Equal Pay Policies Essay

Nursing Assignment Help Introduction Occupational segregation by gender remains one of the brightest features of labor markets in the developed world. Much has been written and said about the ways, in which gender is shaping occupational policies and organizational decisions. Despite the growing number of legislative acts and equity regulations, gender is still one of the main factors of wage decisions in modern organizations. At the same time, organizations and countries develop policies to strengthen the atmosphere of fairness in the workplace.

Equal pay policies have a long history that dates back to the nineteenth century. The goal of equal pay policies is to address the differences in wages paid to women and men, who fulfill the same amount of work. Unfortunately, many equal pay policies do not lead to any positive results, and the goal of this paper is to see how equal pay policies work in a number of countries and why they do not help to reduce the existing gender pay gap.

Equal Pay Policies – Meaning, Significance, and Current Situation Equal pay legislation is one of the most popular topics in literature. The drive for gender equality in the workplace justifies the growing importance of equal pay policies in countries and organizations.

Fitzpatrick, Kwon, Manning, and Pascall describe three important elements of equal pay policies: equal wages for the equal amount of work; equal wages for the work that is similar or substantially similar; and equal pay for comparable work (414). As of today, most industrialized countries offer equal wages for the work that is similar or substantially similar, and only now they realize the importance of comparable worth policies in reducing gender gaps in wages.

The history of equal pay policies dates back to the nineteenth century, with Great Britain being the first industrialized society to recognize the problem of gender pay gaps (Fitzpatrick et al. 414). In 1888, the British Trades Union Congress passed new legislation to promote equal pay for equal amounts of work (Fitzpatrick et al. 414).

At that time, many trade unions were not confident that equal pay policies were important, but the growing number of women in the workforce pushed organizations and business owners to review their approaches to wages. In 1914, Canada became the second country in the world to vote against the exclusion of women from the workforce and for the provision of equal pay for women and men (Fitzpatrick et al. 414).

Women entered trade unions, thus getting stronger in their demands for equal pay. After the end of the Second World War, North America saw thousands of women participate in equal pay campaigns (Fitzpatrick et al. 414). The movement towards equal pay in the civil service was faster than in private organizations (Fitzpatrick et al. 414).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the post-war period, many countries decided to adopt equal pay policies. In 1963, the United States passed its first equal pay laws, followed by Great Britain in 1970 (Fitzpatrick et al. 415). The Equal Pay Act in Great Britain came in force later in 1975 (Fitzpatrick et al. 415). Internationally, equal pay policies became a top priority at the beginning of the 1950s.

The International Labor Organization turned equal pay into one of its primary conventions in 1951 (Fitzpatrick et al. 415). The principles of equal pay were also included in the European Union’s Treaty of Rome of 1957. Today, both the United States and the United Kingdom have a broad range of legislative acts, laws and regulations that have to reduce and eliminate gender gaps in wages.

In the United States, the Equal Pay Act requires that all employers pay their employees equal wages for equal work (Inc.). The Equal Pay Act is an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act passed in 1963.

The Act was passed to protect women and men from the negative impacts of gender on their wages and, at the same time, eliminate the notion of sex discrimination in the workplace. Today, the Act covers all employees, as well as managers, executives, administrators, and elementary and secondary school teachers. At the same time, the philosophy of equal pay policies in the United Kingdom is based on the principles of equality in labor and wages adopted by the European Union.

The U.K. is facing unique gender discrimination challenges, which make it different from other European countries and the U.S. At present, the UK has one of the largest gender pay gaps in Europe, mostly because of the lack of collective bargaining and historically high levels of wage inequality (Rubery). Additionally, the United Kingdom has a higher share of women working in part-time jobs, and the differences in wages across full-time and part-time jobs in the U.K. are the highest in Europe (Rubery).

As a result, despite the years devoted to equal pay polices in the United States and Great Britain, the gender pay gap continues to persist. In 2009, gender wage gaps were one of the strongest features of labor markets in the U.S. (Hegewisch, Liepmann, Hayes