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Analysis of ancient sculptures Descriptive Essay

Table of Contents The large kneeling statue of Hatshepsut

Terracotta hydria (water jar)

The terracotta Kylix: siana cup (drinking cup)

The marble statue of a Kouros (youth)

The large kneeling statue of Hatshepsut The large kneeling statue of Hatshepsut is a Granite model of the goddess Hatshepsut. Hatsehpsut was the goddess of justice and order which is represented by the balancing weights on each of her hands. There is a kilt on her head which was mainly worn by male pharaohs. Hatshepsut was the first Egyptian female pharaoh, so in order to give it a solid presence the creators of the statue put a beard on it, just like the one that is on all statues of male pharaohs.

A critical look at the statue’s face reveals a lack of any emotions. The majestic design of the statue is typical of artworks of the time which depicted the subject candidates as powerful individuals. The statue by its sheer size allows one to appreciate the power and greatness that was associated with the pharaoh.

Finesse of the statue even in its current run-down state can still be appreciated by means of the committed craftsmanship that was applied into the piece. The piece matches my standards of beauty because it is a combination of both realistic and surrealistic ideas. Some elements, for instance, the beard, bear a hidden message making the statue both an aesthetically-appealing and educative piece.

Terracotta hydria (water jar) The Terracotta hydria is a black water jar embellished with an image of the prince Triptolemos as he delivers wheat to mankind on his winged chariot.

The prince had been reputed to have received agricultural secrets from the goddess and the piece is one of numerous that depicted the youth travelling around Greece spreading his knowledge. The container presents some form of artistic inspiration in its design.

However, the golden painting makes it even more interesting to look at the art. The artist who painted the image of the prince on the pot intended to present it vividly to the target audience and he clearly presented it in his work.

The winged chariot is a symbolic indicator of how effective the prince was in spreading his agricultural knowledge, while the huge ears of wheat on his hands represent the big harvests made. Like any great art piece, the painting leaves one with unanswered questions allowing him/her to expand his imagination.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, I cannot understand why the prince would dress so elegantly on the painting but would have no shoes on his feet. I also would like to know how he controlled the chariot because there are no apparent control levers.

The terracotta Kylix: siana cup (drinking cup) The Terracotta Kylix: siana cup is a drinking cup with an inscription of a mythological narrative depicting Achilles chasing a man riding a horse while pulling another (horse) on the side.

Running on the side of the horsemen is a hare and a bird, strategically put there to emphasize the speed at which Achilles was running. The artwork blends well with the sculptural techniques of the ancient Greece, which mainly dwelled on mythical heroes, who dedicated their time to protecting the kingdom. The cup would have been like any other ceramic cup had the painting not been impressed on it.

The paintwork makes it interesting to look at and also provides a chance for individuals to learn something from ancient Greece. Because of the seemingly long amount of time taken to emboss the image on the cup, it is almost obvious that very few of the kind were made. This is among the items that would only be affordable to a select class had it been created in modern days.

The marble statue of a Kouros (youth) The statue of a Kouros (male youth), depicts a naked boy striding forward with hands dropped on the sides. In ancient Greece, such sculptures were used to mark graves. The stride has been put there to give the sculpture balance, which would not have been the case had the character been presented standing straight. This fits well with the other sculptures of the time, which unlike those from Egypt, were completely life-like.

In all the pieces that have been analyzed in this exercise, the marble statue of a Kouros wins my vote for both perfection and creativity because the sculptor(s) who worked on the Kouros placed emphasis on finesse in order to end up with a piece that anyone could stop and take time to study. However, unlike pieces such as the kneeling statue of Hatshepsut, the Kouros does not appear to have any representational purpose and was most likely used for decorative purposes.

Having been carved from one block of granite, the compactness of the piece tells that the sculptors were very keen on accuracy. However, given a choice, I would not prefer to have this piece in my house since with time, nudity has come to be given some form of sanctity and I am sure my parents and other people of their generation would not appreciate it as art were they to find it in my house.

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Role of Advertising in Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly Advertising [Essay]

Nursing Assignment Help Table of Contents Role of Advertising in Monopolistic Competition

Advertising in Oligopoly

Conclusion

Works Cited

Role of Advertising in Monopolistic Competition Monopolistic competition is characterized by multiple firms that sell differentiated products. Advertising is a technique used by firms in monopolistic competition to create product differentiation. The goal of product differentiation and advertising in monopolistic competition is to make sure the the market is under control, and as a result, charge a higher price. Excessive advertising will serve to inform consumers about the physical difference in the product, and the perceived difference will lead to increased product differentiation.

If advertising in the long run convinces customers that the product is superior to the competitor’s, then the firm would charge a higher price (Arnold 241).

What role does advertising play for monopolistically competitive firms? Advertising will increase demand and reduce demand elasticity. As seen from the short-run equilibrium graph, Q gives the current profit-maximizing output at a price P. Therefore, advertising will increase the quantities of the product the consumers are willing to purchase, leading to a shift or a move in the demand curve to a higher level. The new demand curve will correspond to higher levels of quantity demanded and the prices given by Q1 and P1 (Arnold 245). As such, the role of advertising in monopolistic competition is monumental.

In monopolistic competition, the firm faces a comparatively elastic demand, and this limits the prices that can be charged on the product. To reduce demand elasticity, the demand curve will be relatively steeper, implying that consumers are likely to change their quantity demanded as a result of a change in price. As illustrated in the diagram, the firm can now charge a slightly higher price P1 for the same quantity, and this means the firm can collect more revenues for the same quantity Q sold at a profit-maximizing level of output (McConnell and Brue 494).

However, a monopolistically competitive firm cannot maximize profit when faced with inelastic demand because the marginal revenue (MR) is negative, implying that the marginal cost (MC) would be negative. Such a situation is not possible, where marginal revenue (MR) and marginal cost (MC) are both negative (Arnold 246). Excessive advertising could lead to inelastic demand, and the firm will have to increase the price to make demand elastic because profit is not maximized when demand is inelastic. (McConnell and Brue 489).

Advertising is expensive, and the firm will keep on advertising as long as the revenues generated from advertising are more than the cost of advertising. Monopolistic competitors advertise because the demand may increase and become inelastic, and, on the other hand, the marginal cost (MC) and average cost (AC) are likely to rise at the same time.

Advertising in monopolistic competition is excessive, and as long as revenues per product are more in comparison to an increase in average cost per product, it may not result in loses. One of the characteristics of monopolistic competition is relatively easy entry. Firms in a monopolistic competition market will use advertising to maintain their profits because advertising affects the products of the firm by increasing its demand.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Advertising in Oligopoly The oligopolists can increase their market share through advertising, and they compete based on advertising rather than on pricing (McConnell and Brue 492). Excessive advertising by the Oligopolist is used as a barrier against the entry of other firms.

It is also used to inform consumers of new products in the market. Oligopoly advertising also leads to increased output pushing down the average total cost (ATC) curve towards the productive efficiency point, where the average total cost (ATC) is minimum. Advertising may also lead to manipulation as opposed to informing consumers.

Unique feature of oligopoly is mutual interdependence. To understand the interdependence behavior of oligopolistic firms, the technique of game theory is used as illustrated in the diagram, and it shows that the two firms are better off colluding than competing. At the top left shows that both firms A and B could earn 200 dollars profit each if they choose to advertise. At the right lower quadrant, the two firms can receive 250 dollars each if they both decide not to promote because there are no costs for advertising (McConnell and Brue 496).

At the lower-left quadrant, firm B decides to advertise while firm A does not advertise and, therefore, firm B will earn 350 dollars in profits, and firm A earns 100 dollars in profits. This is because advertisement attracts customers from firm A to firm B.

At the top right quadrant firm B does not advertise while firm A decides to advertise, therefore; firm A receives 350 dollars profits while firm B receives 100 dollars in profits because customers are attracted away from firm B. On the other hand, if the two firms chose to collude to advertise they would each receive 250 dollars profits.

In an oligopoly, there are few dominant players in the market, and each cannot fully influence the market independently unless they collude to influence and affect the price and demand. The use of advertising by oligopolists increases both market share and total demand.

In an attempt to gain a more significant market share, an Oligopolist will engage in fierce advertising competition trying to outdo each other. (McConnell and Brue 494). This scenario makes advertising in the oligopolistic markets to be extremely high. It is difficult to tell if advertising leads to improved consumer benefits and efficiency. However, if advertising results in more sales and increased output, this could lead to the efficiency of the firm.

We will write a custom Essay on Role of Advertising in Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly Advertising [Essay] specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion It is costly to advertise and may lead to improved efficiency if costs are less than the benefits from sales. Advertising in monopolistic competition and oligopoly may have no direct relationship with the benefits to the consumer. However, if increased sales arising from advertisement leads to reduced prices, then customers will enjoy some benefits (McConnell and Brue 487).

Works Cited Arnold, Roger A. Micro Economics. 10th ed. Washington, DC: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.

McConnell, Campbell R. and Stanley L. Brue. Economics: Principles, Problems, and Policies. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2005. Print.

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