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Alexander the Great Biography Expository Essay

Alexander the great was born on late July 356BC in the capital city of Macedon kingdom. Alexander’s father was Philip 11, who was the honored king of Macedon and his mother was Olympias. Alexander’s mother was the fourth wife of Philip II the king among his other eight wives [1]. The mother to Alexander the great was the favorite wife of king Philip II. Olympia was also from a royal family as her father was a king.

On the day that Alexander was born, several incidences were said to have happened in his father’s kingdom [2]. His father received good news that his army had worn in a two combined army war. Also, he was informed that on the Olympic games that were taking place during that period, the winners were his horses.

On this same day when Alexander was born, it was marked by the 7th wonder of the world of burning down of the temple of Artemis. The burning down of the temple led to the conclusion that it was because Artemis was absent confirming the birth of Alexander. All these incidences that happened on the day that Alexander was born were later associated with the leadership quality of him in the future.

In his early childhood, there were two people who are greatly recognized by their efforts and contribution in Alexander’s life [3]. These two people are Lanike, the nurse who used to look after him in his early childhood and Leonidas who was a relative to his mother and used to tutor Alexander when he was a young boy. Another person who had agreed to participate in tutoring Alexander was Lysimachus; both of them assisted Alexander to discover more about his social life.

When Alexander was ten years old, he demonstrated courage and ambition characters to his father, which made his father to be overwhelmed by joy.

This incidence happened when Philip his father wanted to buy a horse from Thessaly trader. Unfortunately, this horse refused to carry anyone and the king told the owner to take it away. Alexander through his intelligence discovered that the horse feared its shadow and requested his father to be given a chance to tame the horse himself. Alexander managed this successfully, and his father assured him that his intelligence would serve better a bigger kingdom than Macedon[4].

His father considered Macedonia kingdom very small for his son’s ambition. As a sign of joy and assurance of a brighter future for his son, Philip bought that horse for Alexander. The horse was given name Bucephalus same as “ox-head”, and his father wanted it to be his sons companion in all his journeys. A time came when this horse died of old age, and Alexander named a certain city Bucephala as away of remembering that horse.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When Alexander attained the age of adolescence, his father started making arrangement for his higher education. Philip wanted a tutor who would be of much help to his son, as he had developed high hopes for his son to become a successful leader who would enlighten people’s lives [5].

He ignored the requests of many tutors even for a tutor Platos who had volunteered to resign from his academy to be Alexander’s tutor. Philip searched far and wide for a tutor, and later decided to take Aristotle, who also accepted to be Alexander’s tutor. Philip the king gave them one of the temples to act as their classroom.

Philip decided to reward the work of Aristotle of teaching Alexander by building again Aristotle’s hometown, releasing all those were in exile, and completely freeing those who were enslaved. The temple in which Alexander and Aristotle were conducting the studies was in Mieza and was like a boarding school. Other children of Macedonian dignitaries were also learning together with Alexander. Most of these children were the future friends and generals of Alexander[6].

In this temple, Aristotle taught Alexander and the other children variety of fields. Some of the major fields that were covered by Aristotle included medicine, philosophy, and social values among others. This was to equip Alexander and his companion with wide knowledge to enable them face the future challenges of all aspects. Out of Aristotle’s teachings, Alexander developed special interests in specific fields among others. For instance, he did well in lliad.

Alexander the great has been intended to become a leader since the time he was born. Some of the qualities that showed a sense of leadership in him included, he was from a famous lineage, his physical appearances, and mental capabilities acquired through his short but productive schooling[7].

Alexander was the first son of Philip, and had inherited the bloodline of royalty from both the parents. His clear expression and commanding loud voice was considered to be a good attribute of a future leader. When he was a very young boy it was noticeable that he had a good speed and a unique determination.

When it was realized that Alexander is an intelligent person, Aristotle was introduced to him, to give some lessons and acquire more knowledge to better his promising future. In addition, Alexander portrayed an admirable public profile in the whole of his childhood. Everyone liked his character of courageously accepting challenges despite his status by then.

We will write a custom Essay on Alexander the Great Biography specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Alexander schooling with Aristotle ended when he was 16 years old. When his father was greatly involved in the war he became Lieutenancy of the Realm. At this age, Alexander showed some interests in the field of medicine by recommending the best medicines to his relatives and friends[8].

His first great victory was recognized at the age of 17 years, when his father gave him the authority of being the leader during the attack of allied Thebes, and Megara. Moreover, the Maedi showed some signs of rebelling the Macedonian rule, and Alexander was very quick to respond to this rebellion.

Alexander reacted furiously by crushing the maedi revolution, chased them from their territory, and colonized them through the efforts of Greeks. That is how he became the founder of Alexandropolis city. Soon after, Alexander was confirmed to have saved his fathers life in a certain campaign concerning the Perinthus city.

During this time, Philip the king had already started entrusting his young son to some complicated activities[9]. For instance, he told Alexander to initiate an army to lead the campaigns in Greece. Alexander took this responsibility very keenly, as he considered the likelihood of other Greek states involving themselves with that matter.

Alexander made great preparations that made Illyrians to think he was about to attack them. In return, Illyrians also started to prepare to attack Macedonia, but they received a strong resistance from Alexander.

Theban garrison rebelled against the ruling of Philip the king, and the king decided to unite with his son Alexander and their army to make a journey and occupy the city of Elatea. On their journey to Elatea, they received great resistance from Athens and Thebes. During the fight, Philip the king led the right side, and Alexander the son led the left side together with the kings trusted armies[10].

The fight took place for a very long time, and finally they defeated the Thebans and crushed them. As a celebration of their victory Philip the king and his son Alexander were welcomed by all the cities but received a showdown in Sparta.

Alexander and his father Philip the king had a conflict, when the king decided to marry Cleopatra Eurydice who was a relative to one of kings general. Alexander discovered that his place in kingship would be taken away from him incase Cleopatra bore the king a son [11].

Not sure if you can write a paper on Alexander the Great Biography by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Alexander reacted furiously to his father’s action, and fled away together with his mother and his brother. He left them in Dodona, the capital city of Epirus. Alexander extended his journey to Illyrian, and was welcomed by the Illyrian king despite that they had fought few years before.

After six months, their family friend made some efforts to reconcile the king with his son, and Alexander returned to Macedon. After one year, the Caria governor was ready to offer his daughter to Alexander’s half brother. Alexander’s friends together with his mother advised him to oppose that idea, as it would be an indication that his half brother would be the king’s heir.

Alexander was determined enough to fight against this act by sending a certain actor to stop the governor from giving out his daughter to an illegitimate son. That actor was to advise the governor that his daughter was supposed to be offered to Alexander.

At the age of twenty, his father Philip passed away as a result of assassination by Pausanias the captain [12]. After that deadly act, Pausanius tried to escape with no success, he was also killed by people some of them Alexander’s companion. This incidence made Alexander to be proclaimed as the new king at his tender age of twenty.

After taking over the thrown, Alexander ordered all his potential rival opponents to be killed. Some of the people that Alexander wanted to be eradicated from his kingdom were close relatives. Alexander did not mind whether his rivals were relatives or not but he wanted all of them killed. His mother Olympias also took this opportunity to get rid of her co-wife. Mercilessly, olympias ordered Cleopatra and her daughter to be burned alive.

Alexander did not take the actions of Olympias of killing her co-wife and her daughter kindly. He was very furious by those actions of his mother. In addition, to ensure that his new kingdom was free from all enemies, Alexander ordered the murder of Attalus, his daughter, and grandchildren as he considered them to be dangerous in his kingdom [13].

The death of Philip the king made several states to be rebellious for instance, Thebes and Athens, but Alexander was quick and ready to respond to their rebellious status. Alexander’s advisors wanted him to apply diplomacy but he quickly formed an army of more than 3000 men to attack the rivals.

Work Cited Gunther, John. Alexander the Great. SanFrancisco: Paw Prints, 2008.

Kishlansky, Mark, Geary Patrick, and O’Brien, Patricia. Civilization In The West. (4th ed),

New York: Pearson Long man, 2005.

Stoneman, Richard. Alexander the Great. (2nd ed), New York: Routledge, 2004.

Footnotes Gunther, John. Alexander the Great. SanFrancisco: Paw Prints, 2008 pp. 11.

Stoneman, Richard. Alexander the Great. (2nd ed), New York: Routledge, 2004 pp. 14.

Ibid pp. 12

Kishlansky, Mark, Geary Patrick, and O’Brien, Patricia. Civilization In The West. New York: Pearson Long man, 2005 pp. 87.

Ibid pp. 102

Stoneman, Richard. Alexander the Great. (2nd ed), New York: Routledge, 2004 pp. 15.

Ibid pp.18.

Gunther, John. Alexander the Great. SanFrancisco: Paw Prints, 2008 pp. 20.

Kishlansky, Mark, Geary Patrick, and O’Brien, Patricia. Civilization In The West. New York: Pearson Long man, 2005 pp. 125.

Stoneman, Richard. Alexander the Great. (2nd ed), New York: Routledge, 2004 pp. 85.

Kishlansky, Mark, Geary Patrick, and O’Brien, Patricia. Civilization In The West. New York: Pearson Long man, 2005 pp. 206.

Stoneman, Richard. Alexander the Great. (2nd ed), New York: Routledge, 2004 pp. 103.

Gunther, John. Alexander the Great. SanFrancisco: Paw Prints, 2008 pp. 121.

Vital Signs: HIV Testing and Diagnosis Among Adults – United States, 2001-2009 Report

Nursing Assignment Help The Human Immune Deficiency has continued to kill more people in the United States even when people are aware of how it’s transmitted and how it can be avoided. This report analyses a report (Satcher et. al., 2010) that was posted by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

The regular test for HIV is being encouraged because recent medical reports indicate that there are many people who are infected by this virus but they are not aware. Most people ignore the evaluation process when they are not experiencing any health problems. They only get examined at a later stage when the situation has already worsened.

Early discovery can prevent further spread of the virus into AIDS. The majority of people who have been tested were not willing to get examined hence they were tested because of other reasons such as during blood donation where it is mandatory for the donor’s blood to be examined (Taubes, 2007).

CDC relied on the information provided from the survey conducted by National Health Interview between 2001 and 2009 to establish cases of early discovery of HIV. Additionally, this information was used to determine the geographical locations that had the highest infection rate. CDC also obtained information from the national HIV surveillance system which was useful in identifying the number of people who voluntarily availed themselves for the examination.

The information from these findings suggest that HIV affects homosexuals than men who are have straight sexual orientation. Besides that African-Americans are more prone to this virus than other races. Urban centers were found to have the highest number of infected persons. Of late most people are being discovered early enough because most people want to know their status.

The CDC report indicates that more men suffer from HIV than women. Rothan (2002) argues that this could be due to their polygamous nature. If HIV is discovered early the patient has higher chances of living longer than when examination has not taken place. When one knows that he/she is infected with HIV, he/she may avoid spreading the virus to uninfected persons.

For instance, pregnant women are forced to take HIV evaluation because if they are infected they will extend this virus to their new born babies hence when they are found to be positive they are discouraged from breast feeding the child once it’s born. This test has led to decline in child mortality. Incase a person tests positive he/she is introduced to retroviral medicine which is meant to decline the multiplication of the virus which in return prevents the virus from advancing into AIDS.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the past decades many people were dying because of this disease because they could only get tested in health clinics and most people were afraid of going for the examination because they felt that they would die earlier due to stress of living with the stigma. Nowadays more people are being tested and there are few cases of people who realize they have this virus at a later stage.

The major advantage of early testing is that the patient will be aware of his/her condition and thus will be able to maintain his/her health (Rothan, 2002). That’s why nowadays people who die from HIV look very healthy as opposed to earlier on when people suffering from HIV used to look very thin.

In conclusion, the data collected by CDC is essential in planning for health care in areas most prone to HIV and in setting policies that can reduce the pandemic. CDC has been campaigning for early and voluntary examination in most countries from all over the world and thus more testing centers have been established.

The media is also being used to sensitize people on the importance of knowing one’s status because if one is negative he/she has to retain that status because the status is not permanent. More efforts are being made towards discovering people living with HIV because those who are not aware of their status are the ones who spreads the virus unintentionally. In some states testing is done in residential areas from door to door because many people argue that they are very busy to go for the test.

References Rothman, K.J. (2002). Epidemiology: An introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.

Satcher, et al. (2010, December 3). “Vital Signs: HIV Testing and Diagnosis Among Adults – United States, 2001-2009”. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Retrieved from

Taubes, G. (2007, September 16).”Do we really know what makes us healthy?” New York Times. Retrieved from

We will write a custom Report on Vital Signs: HIV Testing and Diagnosis Among Adults – United States, 2001-2009 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More