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Advocating for Biracial Adoption Analytical Essay

Table of Contents Introduction

Historical Injustices

Aesthetic and Moral Philosophy

Biology

Culture

Rationality

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Adoption of children who have biological parents that are of different races should be encouraged and advocated for. The American National census states that almost three percent of the US population states their race as bi-racial and almost two percent of marriages are bi-racial. Biracial children have suffered the identity crisis throughout history as they have traits from both sides of the mother and the father and hence torn between which of the two races should take preference.

Adoption of such a child by all races without discrimination psychologically gives the child an identity as first to consider he/she a human being and the rest later since she/he is welcome to live with any race. Adoption is an important activity in the society and it gives children in a family; helps people unable to raise their children hand them over to capable individuals and help those who cannot give birth to have adopted children.

Historical Injustices Biracial persons have always faced challenges throughout history. To oppress the black people during the slave era in America, and avoid the poor people of the Caucasoid race from cooperating with the oppressed blacks, the plantation owners developed the concept of the white people of which has no scientific backing.

For further deterrence of intermarriages, they stated that a white person is one who has no trace of another race especially the black race. This meant that all the biracial persons were automatically regarded as blacks. This has continued up to date. The president of US is biracial but he is generally regarded as a black president.

Biracial adoption improves the racial tension that has existed throughout history. Hegel a great philosopher and historian once claimed that Africa was filled with darkness and darkness is not a subject of history. Hegel and Immanuel Kant also referred Africans as incapable of thinking, stating that maybe it was because of the equatorial sun.

However, great philosophers like Aristotle are known to have studied in Africa, and even puzzled by the sophisticated civilization at that time. Adoption of biracial children helps nullify the biased views of people like Kant.

Aesthetic and Moral Philosophy In Aesthetic and moral philosophy, all human beings have the same universal qualities and resembling behavioral pattern. Adoption of biracial children firmly asserts that all human beings are authentic and aesthetically appealing. Before the Second World War, it was rare for white couples to adapt a child not of their race. This has been changing as people have come to realize that no race is superior to the other and the differences in the races are only complimentary and not superiority or inferiority.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Biracial adoption is a very noble course. It shows that the universal man is one. This is shown in the various adoptions from the world in various disciplines. For example, Africa is credited as the cradle of humanity and civilization, Europe with modern industrialization, Asia with medicine and America with computers. This shows how the various people from different races throughout history have contributed to the development of the world.

This has eventually led to globalization. Globalization brings all people of the world together without care of race. The biracial adoption is an initiative towards globalization. Biracial children by mere nature of their biological diversity in parenting can unify, and represent different continents for example Barrack Obama has both American and African ancestry. Biracial children could be taken as an entity of globalization instead of a confusion of identity.

Biology Biologically interracial marriages are encouraged. The children sired have a wide gene pool range and thus more resistant to gene inherited diseases like sickles cell anemia. It would thus be noble to encourage biracial adoption focusing on the positive aspects of the biracial children than their disadvantages.

Empiricist’s school of thought argues that the mind is empty at birth and knowledge is only possible through sense perception. Based on this argument then it can be argued that children have a universal trait in that they gain knowledge through experiencing. Therefore, there is no difference between biracial children and other children hence should be adopted like any other child without discrimination or bias (Simon

The Effect of Community Violence on Child Behaviors Essay

Nursing Assignment Help The study conducted by Linares, Heeren, Bronfman, Zuckerman, Augustyn and Tronick in 2001 investigated the role of maternal distress and exposure to community violence on early child development behaviors. In this study, the hypothesis that community violence has a direct effect on early child problematic behaviors regardless of the effects of maternal socio-economic stress and family aggression was tested.

The alternative hypothesis was that community violence indirectly affects early childhood behaviors through the effects of maternal distress. Lastly, the study hypothesized that there is a link between maternal distress and problematic internalized and externalized child behaviors.

The recruitment of the participants involved a stringent screening exercise to isolate participants prone to community violence and its influence on psychological functioning. The sample selection involved five urban areas with high crime rates in the city of Boston. The selection of the participants involved two-level eligibility screening process. Level one screening involved a cross-sectional sample of 689 children aged between 3, 0 and 5, 11 of which 89% confirmed participation in the study exercise.

These underwent level two screening exercise, which involved contacting the participants to determine further eligibility. Some participant mothers were excluded in the level two eligibility screening because they were not in the recommended age, not the primary guardian to the child, had not stayed in the target area long enough or received Supplement Security Income. Furthermore, children with chronic medical problems or with genetic disability were also excluded from the study.

The remaining participants 160 in total participated in the study. The study involved two groups of participants based on various indicators of community violence. Fear of crime, social disorder and perceived crime classified the participants into chronic violence category while co-witnessed crime placed the participants into a second category.

In this study, the collection of data on social disorder and perceived crime involved the use of community survey questionnaires (Howell 34). Self-reports and interviews were used to collect data on partner aggression towards mother or child, mother’s socio-economic status and maternal posttraumatic stress symptoms.

A correlation design used involved the comparison of direct and indirect effects of community violence on child behavior with standardized regression coefficients estimates of model 1 and 2. Furthermore, there was comparison of these models with other models to determine their suitability in describing the research data.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The study using the various models found out that problematic early child behaviors were experienced in children residing in high-crime areas, those where mothers had low social economic status and those without public assistance. The study also found out that exposure to community violence and family violence increased maternal stress.

The study concluded that the social economic status and family violence in the presence of community violence led to problematic childhood behaviors. This is against the hypothesis that community violence alone influences early child behavior set out in this study.

However, the maternal distress influenced the level of exposure to community violence and early child problematic behavior. This supports the alternative hypothesis that maternal stress and community violence affect child behavior. Early social learning and development of a child is dependent on the mother. Maternal distress arising from community violence and family aggression also causes distress to the young children and consequently externalized or internalized behaviors.

The study concluded that maternal distress caused by community violence and family aggression influences child behavior. This is true because the psycho-moral development of a child is highly influenced by the mother. Maternal distress leads to child distress, which in turn influences their behaviors. Programs aimed at reducing chronic violence as well as improve the security of neighborhoods will promote good behaviors among young children.

In the 2002 O’Donnell, Schwab-Stone

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