The ASI was originally invented by a group of researchers in 1980 at the University of Pennsylvania’s under the leadership of Thomas McLellan at the department of Centre for the Studies of Addiction who has come to be recognized for its invention (McLellan, Cacciola and Griffith). ASI is a key initial step in development of a client’s personal profile for current or subsequent use.
In carrying out the interview the interviewer should for a split second introduce himself or herself and clearly state the purpose of the interview, be it for clinical rationale or research rationale. If it’s for research the person conducting the interview should explain to the client possible gains she or he may achieve by taking part in the research. On the other hand if it is for clinical purpose, it should be explained at the initial step to the client so that it can form the basis of understanding for both the subject and the interviewer (Fureman).
Structure of the ASI The structure encompasses seven areas that are used to gather information about the person being assessed. These areas include the following:
a) General information/demographic Section
This section helps the interviewer gather basic information about the interviewee of which most of them do not require clarification.
b) Medical Status
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is meant to gather the medical history of the client which includes chronic physical ailments, previous hospitalization and current medication.
c) Employment/support Status
This part is concerned with personal and basic information regarding the subject such as level of income, trends in income, nature of occupation, education level and so on.
d) Drugs/alcohol Use
This section entails acquiring information regarding the use and abuse of drugs by the client both currently and previously. It also outlines the consequences of drug abuse, treatment period, period of abstinence and financial burden associated with such treatment.
e) Legal status Section.
This entails any criminal involvements by the interviewee, legal charges, convictions and detainment, or whether there are any charges the interviewee is awaiting.
We will write a custom Report on Addiction Severity Index specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More f) Family Social Status
It expounds on the intrinsic family relation problems that may be affecting the client either because he or she is in drugs or due to other reasons unrelated to drugs.
g) Psychiatric Status Section
It intends to acquire information regarding the client’s psychological and mental disorders.
Importance of ASI The use of ASI is important because of it various advantages: for instance it is vital in diagnosis of alcohol related problems.
Furthermore, it provides critical insight regarding a patient mental aspect and sheds light on how long and how often the person has used drugs. It also facilitates the process of coming up with tailor made treatment that meets the specific needs of patients.
Finally, it helps in planning for logistical and procurement activities such as distribution of drugs. Because National policies require that all clinical information pertaining to every patient be recorded for purposes of present and future references, ASI provides reliable clinical information as required by such policies (Carey).
Works Cited Carey, K. Reliability and validity of the addition severity index among outpatients with severe mental illness. Psychological Assessment. New York: T Head and Company, 1990.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Addiction Severity Index by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Fureman, B. Addiction severity index: a guide to training and supervising ASI interviews based on the past ten years. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 1983.
McLellan, A., Cacciola, J.
Summary of “Children Need to Play, Not Compete” Report (Assessment)
Nursing Assignment Help In “Children Need to Play, Not Compete,” Jessica Statsky argues that organized sports are not suitable for children between the ages of six and twelve and should, therefore, be replaced by sports that emphasize on fitness, cooperation, and sportsmanship. Statsky claims that highly organized sports such as Peewee Football and Little League Baseball are played according to adult standards with undesirable effects on the development of children.
She goes on to state that the physical action that is necessitated by overly competitive sports exposes children to danger through injury. The danger to children is not only limited to physical injury as Statsky asserts that “competitive sports pose psychological dangers to children.” The author claims that the games are counterproductive to children and they only serve to provide occasions for parents and coaches to fulfill their fantasies and needs.
She reveals that the obsession with winning leads to adults degrading the quality of the playing experience for children. Statsky provides examples of incidents where brawls have broken out between adults as a result of completion. Statsky concludes by proposing that local programs which emphasize sportsmanship, cooperation and fitness should replace the overly competitive programs currently in place. (197 Words).
Response to Children Need to Play I strongly agree with Jessica Statsky’s article “Children Need to Play, Not Compete.” As a person who underwent a childhood in which I was exposed to competitive sports, I agree with Statsky’s proposal that the high competition in children sports should be done away.
I agree with the author’s observation that the competitive nature of the games takes the fun element out. From my childhood experiences, sports were always more fun when they were undertaken in a spirit of cooperation and friendliness. When winning became the dominant factor, everything changed, and the game could no longer be played in a fun atmosphere.
In my opinion, a significant strength that the author demonstrates through her article is that she uses words that are vivid in her descriptions. For example, her portrayal of the scene where the player in the Peewee Football game takes himself out of the game by faking a stomach ache is very moving. By such vivid descriptions, the reader can paint a mental image of the negative effect that excessive competition can have.
Statsky’s treatment of the subject is balanced, and the arguments expressed by the author are not restricted to the side she supports but also the opposition. Statsky does not shy away from presenting the opinion of the proponents of competitive sports for children. She frequently references the Little League Online which is a website that advocates for competitive sports among children.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author especially gives ethical considerations to the other points of view. After stating that children run the risk of physical injury as a result of competitive games, she quotes the proponents of competitive sports activities who document that the injury risks are infrequent. By doing this, Statsky gives us a balanced view on the issue as opposed to only giving space to her point of view. This increases the credibility of the essay to me since the author is not trying to use the ignorance of the reader on the matter to force her point home.
The author also makes use of statistics to reinforce her claims, therefore, making them more credible. For example, she asserts that according to a study, “90% of children would rather play regularly for a losing team rather than warm the bench for a winning team”. Even more importantly, the author includes references as to which studies she is referring to, therefore, increasing the validity of the results since one can confirm her reporting should they wish to.
For all the strengths of the article, I find Statsky guilty of using many generalizations which may not necessarily be true for the majority of the population. She states that in instances where children are not injured, “fear of being hurt detracts from their enjoyment of the sport.” while this may be the case for some or even a majority of the children, it is highly unlikely that it is the case for all the children involved in competitive sports.
Statsky’s presents a strong argument, and her case is made especially compelling by the author’s use of authoritative sources to back up her argument. Through this, it is clear that children risk not only physical but also psychological damages as a result of overly competitive programs. I agree with her assertion that this situation should be reversed and less competitive sports programs devised for children to ensure that children have a fun and constructive childhood.
Works Cited Statsky, Jessica. Children Need to Play, Not Compete. Bedford Books. Print.